Amaterasu


Amaterasu
/ah"mah te rddah"soo/, n.
the Japanese Shinto goddess personifying the sun.

* * *

▪ Shintō deity
in full  Amaterasu Ōmikami 

      (Japanese: “Great Divinity Illuminating Heaven”), the celestial sun goddess from whom the Japanese imperial family claims descent, and an important Shintō deity. She was born from the left eye of her father, Izanagi, who bestowed upon her a necklace of jewels and placed her in charge of Takamagahara (“High Celestial Plain”), the abode of all the kami. One of her brothers, the storm god Susanoo, was sent to rule the sea plain. Before going, Susanoo went to take leave of his sister. As an act of good faith, they produced children together, she by chewing and spitting out pieces of the sword he gave her, and he by doing the same with her jewels. Susanoo then began to behave very rudely—he broke down the divisions in the rice fields, defiled his sister's dwelling place, and finally threw a flayed horse into her weaving hall. Indignant, Amaterasu withdrew in protest into a cave, and darkness fell upon the world.

      The other 800 myriads of gods conferred on how to lure the sun goddess out. They collected cocks, whose crowing precedes the dawn, and hung a mirror and jewels on a sakaki tree in front of the cave. The goddess Amenouzume (q.v.) began a dance on an upturned tub, partially disrobing herself, which so delighted the assembled gods that they roared with laughter. Amaterasu became curious how the gods could make merry while the world was plunged into darkness and was told that outside the cave there was a deity more illustrious than she. She peeped out, saw her reflection in the mirror, heard the cocks crow, and was thus drawn out from the cave. The kami then quickly threw a shimenawa, or sacred rope of rice straw, before the entrance to prevent her return to hiding.

      Amaterasu's chief place of worship is the Grand Shrine of Ise, the foremost Shintō shrine in Japan. She is manifested there in a mirror that is one of the three Imperial Treasures of Japan (the other two being a jeweled necklace and a sword). The genders of Amaterasu and her brother the moon god Tsukiyomi no Mikato are remarkable exceptions in worldwide mythology of the sun and the moon. See also Ukemochi no Kami.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amaterasu — beim Verlassen ihrer Höhle Amaterasu (jap. 天照), mit vollem Namen Amaterasu ō mi kami (天照大神, dt. Am Himmel scheinende große erlauchte Göttin, andere Namen s. u.), ist die wichtigste Kami (Gottheit) des Shintō. Sie personifiziert die Son …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amaterasu — sortant de la caverne Amaterasu (天照, Amaterasu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amaterasu — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otras celebraciones de solsticio de invierno, véase Solsticio de invierno. Amaterasu Ō Mikami o Amateratsu (天照, Amaterasu Ō Mikami o Amateratsu?) es la diosa del Sol en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Amaterasu —   [japanisch »vom Himmel leuchtend«], Amaterasu Ōmikami [»Amaterasu, die große erhabene Gottheit«], Hauptgottheit des Shintō, Sonnengöttin, Herrscherin über den Himmel, Schutz und Ahnengottheit des japanischen Kaiserhauses …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Amaterasu — (kanji:天照, katakana:アマテラス) o Amateratsu es la diosa del sol en el sintoísmo y la mítica antepasada de la familia real de Japón. Su nombre completo es Amaterasu ōmikami (天照大神) y significa diosa gloriosa que brilla en el cielo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amaterasu — Amaterasu, japan. Name der Sonnengöttin, auf welche die japan. Kaiser ihren Ursprung zurückführen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amaterasu — nihongo|Amaterasu|天照, nihongo|Amaterasu ōmikami|天照大神 / 天照大御神 or nihongo|Ōhiru menomuchi no kami|大日孁貴神 is in Japanese mythology a sun goddess and perhaps the most important Shinto nihongo|deity|神|kami. Her name, Amaterasu , means literally (that… …   Wikipedia

  • Amaterasu — noun central deity of Shinto; goddess personifying the sun and ancestress of the rulers of Japan • Syn: ↑Amaterasu Omikami • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Japanese deity …   Useful english dictionary

  • Amaterasu — noun The Japanese sun goddess …   Wiktionary

  • Amaterasu —    Japanese sun goddess, the child of Izanagi and Izanami, and sister of Susano, the Japanese ocean god. From the marriage of these two sprang eight children, from one of whom the Japanese royal family claims descent. The story of her having shut …   Who’s Who in non-classical mythology


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.