allophone


allophone
allophonic /al'euh fon"ik/, adj.allophonically, adv.
/al"euh fohn'/, n. Phonet.
any of the members of a class of speech sounds that, taken together, are commonly felt to be a phoneme, as the t-sounds of toe, stow, tree, hatpin, catcall, cats, catnip, button, metal, city; a speech sound constituting one of the phonetic manifestations or variants of a particular phoneme.
[1930-35; ALLO- + PHONE2]

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      one of the phonetically distinct variants of a phoneme (q.v.). The occurrence of one allophone rather than another is usually determined by its position in the word (initial, final, medial, etc.) or by its phonetic environment. Speakers of a language often have difficulty in hearing the phonetic differences between allophones of the same phoneme, because these differences do not serve to distinguish one word from another. In English the t sounds in the words “hit,” “tip,” and “little” are allophones; phonemically they are considered to be the same sound although they are different phonetically in terms of aspiration, voicing, and point of articulation. In Japanese and some dialects of Chinese, the sounds f and h are allophones.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • allophone — [ alɔfɔn ] n. et adj. • mil. XXe; de allo et phone ♦ Didact. 1 ♦ Personne dont la langue maternelle est une langue étrangère, dans la communauté où elle se trouve. Adj. Des étudiants allophones. 2 ♦ N. m. Se dit de formes phonétiquement… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • allophone — n. any one of two or more speech sounds that considered variants of the same phoneme. For example, the p sounds of pin and spin are allophones of p; and the t sounds of toe stop and catnip are allophones of t. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • allophone — [al′ō fōn΄, al′əfōn΄] n. [ ALLO + PHONE1] Linguis. any of the variant forms of a phoneme as conditioned by position or adjoining sounds [the relatively short (a) of mat and the relatively long (a) of mad are allophones] allophonic [al′ōfän′ik,… …   English World dictionary

  • Allophone — In phonetics, an allophone is one of several similar speech sounds (phones) that belong to the same phoneme. A phoneme is an abstract unit of speech sound that can distinguish words: That is, changing a phoneme in a word can produce another word …   Wikipedia

  • Allophone — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. En phonologie, un allophone est l une des réalisations sonores possibles d un phonème. En sociolinguistique et en sociodémographie, un allophone est une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • allophone — UK [ˈæləˌfəʊn] / US [ˈæləˌfoʊn] noun [countable] Word forms allophone : singular allophone plural allophones 1) linguistics one of the slightly different ways that a phoneme can be pronounced. For example, the /p/ in the word pill is slightly… …   English dictionary

  • allophone — noun Etymology: allo + phone Date: 1938 one of two or more variants of the same phoneme < the aspirated p of pin and the unaspirated p of spin are allophones of the phoneme p > • allophonic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • allophone — noun /ˈæləˌfəʊn,ˈæləˌfoʊn/ a) Any of two or more alternative pronunciations for a phoneme. b) A person whose mother tongue is neither English nor French …   Wiktionary

  • allophone — (entrée créée par le supplément) (al lo fo n ) adj. Terme d assyriologie. Se dit de groupes de signes phonétiques empruntés par les Assyriens à la langue des inventeurs de l écriture cunéiforme et qu ils introduisaient dans leurs textes comme des …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • allophone — Canadian Slang a resident whose first language is one other than English or French. Used only by linguists in other English speaking countries, this word has come to be used by journalists and broadcasters, and then by the general public, in some …   English dialects glossary


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