allodium


allodium
/euh loh"dee euhm/, n., pl. allodia /-dee euh/.
land owned absolutely; land owned and not subject to any rent, service, or other tenurial right of an overlord.
Also, alodium. Also called allod /al"od, -euhd/, alod.
[1620-30; < ML < Frankish *allod- (all ALL + -od patrimony, c. ON oth- in othal, Goth -oth- in haim-othli, OS oth- in othil, OE, OFris eth- in ethel, akin (by gradation) to ath- of ATHELING) + ML -ium -IUM]

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land
allōt“full property”

      land freely held, without obligation of service to any overlord. Allodial land tenure was of particular significance in western Europe during the Middle Ages, when most land was held by feudal tenure.

      At the end of the 9th century the extent of allodial land in France was increased by the anarchy that accompanied the decline of the Carolingian monarchy; much of this new property, however, was eventually brought into a feudal relationship in which the holder owed certain services to his lord. By the 12th and 13th centuries, the only appreciable amount of allodial land remaining was limited to peasant holdings in the southwest. In Germany large allodial estates held by nobles continued to exist, particularly in Saxony. In England there was a considerable amount of allodial land before the Norman Conquest (1066), but it disappeared under the new rulers. Allodial land, though free of limitations from above, was not free of restrictions from below if the holder chose to have feudal tenants. He would then owe certain obligations to them, primarily in terms of protection, and could not be considered in absolute control of his holdings.

      With the decline of feudalism in France, land that had been under the jurisdiction of a lord came to be under the jurisdiction of the king, who collected certain fees upon its sale or transfer. Following the French Revolution (1789) all land became allodial. In England no land is referred to as allodial, but an estate in fee simple corresponds in practice to absolute ownership.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Allodium — Al*lo di*um, n. [LL. allodium, alodium, alodis, alaudis, of Ger. origin; cf. OHG. al all, and ?t (AS. e[=a]d) possession, property. It means, therefore, entirely one s property.] (Law) Freehold estate; land which is the absolute property of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Allōdium — (Alodium, Allod, von alodis, einem Worte gallischer Abstammung) bezeichnet ursprünglich (in der Lex Salica) das Eigentum an fahrender Habe (Mobiliar), später das vom Lehns und Fideikommißverband oder von gutsherrlicher Abhängigkeit freie… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • allodium — n. Real property owned absolutely and free of any obligation to another with a superior vested right. Webster s New World Law Dictionary. Susan Ellis Wild. 2000 …   Law dictionary

  • ALLODIUM — vide infra Alodis …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • allodium — [ə lō′dē əm] n. [ML < Frank * alod, full and free possession < all, all + * ōd, akin to OE ead, wealth < IE * audh < base * (a)wē , to weave > WEED2] Law land owned independently, free of any superior claim, and without any rent,… …   English World dictionary

  • Allodium — Das Allod (mittellateinisch Allod oder Allodium, althochdeutsch für „Gesamtbesitz“) bezeichnete im mittelalterlichen und frühneuzeitlichen Recht einen Besitz (fast immer Land oder ein städtisches Grundstück), dessen Eigentümer darüber frei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allodium — [allod]. An allodium was inherited, family land held absolutely, rather than of a lord or monarch. Cf. Allegiance; Fief …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • allodium — alodium or allodium /slowdiyam/ Land held absolutely in one s own right, and not of any lord or superior; land not subject to feudal duties or burdens. An estate held by absolute ownership, without recognizing any superior to whom any duty is due …   Black's law dictionary

  • allodium — alodium or allodium /slowdiyam/ Land held absolutely in one s own right, and not of any lord or superior; land not subject to feudal duties or burdens. An estate held by absolute ownership, without recognizing any superior to whom any duty is due …   Black's law dictionary

  • allodium — noun freehold land or property …   Wiktionary