Albert


Albert
/al"beuhrt/, n.
1. Carl (Bert), born 1908, U.S. politician: Speaker of the House 1971-77.
2. Prince (Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emanuel, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha), 1819-61, consort of Queen Victoria.
3. Lake. Also called Albert Nyanza. a lake in central Africa, between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a source of the Nile. 100 mi. (160 km) long; 2061 sq. mi. (5338 sq. km); 2030 ft. (619 m) above sea level.
4. a male given name: from Old High German words meaning "noble" and "bright."

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(as used in expressions)
Achebe Albert Chinualumogu
Albert Lake
Barnes Albert Coombs
Beveridge Albert Jeremiah
Bierstadt Albert
Billroth Christian Albert Theodor
Blakeslee Albert Francis
Brisbane Albert
Charles Albert Browning
Calmette Albert Léon Charles
Camus Albert
Delius Frederick Theodore Albert
Dreiser Theodore Herman Albert
Einstein Albert
Elway John Albert
Fall Albert Bacon
Finney Albert
Foote Albert Horton
Gallatin Abraham Alfonse Albert
Albert Frederick Arthur George
George Frederick Ernest Albert
Guest Edgar Albert
Hanotaux Albert Auguste Gabriel
Hirschfeld Albert
Kahn Albert
Kesselring Albert
John Albert Kramer
Kroc Raymond Albert
Lebrun Albert
Lombardo Guy Albert
Lutuli Albert John Mvumbi
Maupassant Henry René Albert Guy de
Maysles Albert and David
McCrea Joel Albert
Michelson Albert Abraham
Michener James Albert
Namatjira Albert
Porter Cole Albert
Roussel Albert Charles Paul Marie
Ryder Albert Pinkham
Sabin Albert Bruce
Sauveur Albert
Schweitzer Albert
Francis Albert Sinatra
Spalding Albert Goodwill
Speer Albert
Szent Györgyi Albert
Albert National Park
Wedemeyer Albert Coady
Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert
Albert prince consort of Great Britain and Ireland
Léopold Philippe Charles Albert Meinrad Hubertus Marie Miguel
Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas prince of Battenberg

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▪ German cardinal, margrave of Brandenburg, and elector of Mainz
also called  Albert of Brandenburg,  German  Albrecht von Brandenburg  
born June 28, 1490
died Sept. 24, 1545, Mainz [Germany]
 margrave of Brandenburg, cardinal, and elector of Mainz, a liberal patron of the arts known chiefly as the object of the reformer Martin Luther's (Luther, Martin) attacks concerning the sale of indulgences.

      Albert was the younger son of John Cicero, elector of Brandenburg. Albert became archbishop of Magdeburg and administrator of the bishopric of Halberstadt in 1513, and he became elector and archbishop of Mainz the following year. In order to gain the agreement of Pope Leo X to his holding more than one diocese, which was contrary to church law, Albert made a large contribution toward the rebuilding of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. These funds, borrowed from the banking house of Fugger, were to be repaid through the sale of indulgences, half the proceeds going to Albert, the other half to Leo X. Luther condemned this practice in his Ninety-five Theses.

      In 1518 Albert was created cardinal. A religious liberal, he was a friend of the humanists Ulrich von Hutten and Desiderius Erasmus. Late in life Albert became less tolerant of Protestantism and helped foster the German Counter-Reformation.

also called  Adalbert,  or  Aleric 
flourished 12th century

      antipope in 1101. He was cardinal bishop of Silva Candida when elected early in 1101 as successor to the antipope Theodoric of Santa Ruffina, who had been set up against the legitimate pope, Paschal II, by an imperial faction supporting the Holy Roman emperor Henry IV in his struggle with Paschal for supremacy. Albert's uncanonical investiture provoked rioting in Rome, and he was stripped of his insignia and briefly imprisoned in the Lateran. He was then sentenced to confinement in the monastery of San Lorenzo, north of Naples, where he remained a monk the rest of his life.

▪ duke of Prussia

born May 17, 1490, Ansbach
died March 20, 1568, Tapiau, East Prussia

      last grand master of the Teutonic Knights (Teutonic Order) from 1510 to 1525, first duke of Prussia (from 1525), a Protestant German ruler known chiefly for ending the Teutonic Knights' government of East Prussia and founding a hereditary dukedom in its place.

      Albert was the third son of Frederick of Hohenzollern, margrave of Ansbach-Bayreuth. In 1510 Albert was named grand master of the Teutonic Order and thus lord of East Prussia, which the order held under Polish suzerainty. A quarrel with the Poles, however, resulted in a war with Poland (1519–21) that caused considerable damage to East Prussia. During the truce that followed, the dispute remained unsettled.

      In 1523 the religious reformer Martin Luther advised Albert to dissolve the Teutonic Order and transform his Prussian holdings into a hereditary dukedom under the Polish crown, a solution accepted by King Sigismund I of Poland in 1525. The Holy Roman emperor Charles V in the 1530s placed Albert, now a Protestant, under the ban of the empire and demanded the return of East Prussia to the Teutonic Knights, but the faithful remnant of the latter, with scattered bases in Germany, could do nothing against Albert.

      Albert joined anti-imperial coalitions and cultivated Protestant Denmark and Sweden. At home, the East Prussian administration was secularized, but considerable privileges had to be conceded to the nobility before they would confirm his rule and grant him funds to govern.

      In his later years, Albert fell under the influence of theological and political adventurers, and his reign became marred by violent disputes. The University of Königsberg, founded on his initiative in 1544, was long troubled by such difficulties. Quiet had once again been restored, orthodox Lutheranism declared binding, the succession finally settled, and the adventurers either expelled or executed, when Albert died.

▪ king of Saxony

born April 23, 1828, Dresden, Saxony
died June 19, 1902, near Öls, Silesia

      king of Saxony from Oct. 29, 1873, Catholic king of a Protestant country who was nonetheless popular with his subjects. He also was a capable soldier who fought well in the Seven Weeks' War of 1866 and in the Franco-German War of 1870–71.

      He was the eldest son of Prince John, who succeeded to the Saxon throne in 1854. An artillery officer at the age of 15, Albert had one year of university studies at Bonn before serving in the German Schleswig-Holstein campaign of 1849 against the Danes. He married Caroline, granddaughter of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden, in 1853. In 1857 he was made general of infantry, and in 1862 he became a member of the upper house of the Saxon parliament.

      Commanding the Saxon Army in the Seven Weeks' War, Albert effected an orderly retreat when the Prussians invaded Saxony. After the defeat of Austria and its allies, including Saxony, at Königgrätz (Sadowa) on July 3, 1866, Albert held his position tenaciously. Personally favourable to Prussia, Albert became commander of the XII Corps, formerly the Saxon Army, when his country entered the Prussian-dominated North German Confederation.

      In the Franco-German War, Albert's corps played a major part in winning the battles of Gravelotte (August 18) and Sedan (Aug. 31–Sept. 2, 1870). From March 18 to June 8, 1871, he commanded the German army of occupation in France. Soon afterward he was made inspector general of the imperial German Army and was promoted to the rank of field marshal.

      As king of Saxony, in succession to his father, Albert was mainly interested in military affairs but approved reforms in local administration, education, and taxation and encouraged industrialization. He left no children and was succeeded by his brother George.

▪ prince of Monaco
in full  Albert-honoré-charles Grimaldi 
born November 13, 1848, Paris
died June 26, 1922, Paris

      prince of Monaco (1889–1922), seaman, amateur oceanographer, and patron of the sciences, whose contributions to the development of oceanography included innovations in oceanographic equipment and technique and the founding and endowment of institutions to further basic research.

      Albert's love of the sea developed at an early age, and as a young man he served in the Spanish Navy. Later, he conducted his own oceanographic surveys on a series of increasingly large and well-equipped ships. His active involvement in oceanography continued even after he became ruler of Monaco—upon the death of his father, Charles III (1889)—and culminated in his establishment of the Oceanographic Museum of Monaco (1899) and the Oceanographic Institute in Paris (1906).

      Albert was succeeded as prince of Monaco by his son, Louis II (1870–1949).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Albert — ist ein deutscher männlicher Vorname. Der Name ist auch als Familienname gebräuchlich. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Varianten 3 Namenstage 4 Bekannte N …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert — Albert, Catalina * * * (as used in expressions) Achebe, (Albert) Chinua(lumogu) Barnes, Albert C(oombs) Beveridge, Albert J(eremiah) Bierstadt, Albert Billroth, (Christian Albert) Theodor Blakeslee, Albert Francis Brisbane, Albert Charles Albert… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albert V — Albert II du Saint Empire Pour les articles homonymes, voir Albert II. Albert II …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Personajes 2 Divisiones administrativas 3 Batallas 4 Véase también Personajes …   Wikipedia Español

  • Albert II. — Albert II. ist der Name folgender Personen: Albert II. (Namur) († um 1063), Graf von Namur Albert II. (Belgien) (* 1934), König der Belgier Albert II. (Monaco) (* 1958), Fürst von Monaco Albert II. Krummendiek (* 1417 oder 1418; † 1489), Bischof… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert I — may refer to:*Albert I, Count of Vermandois (917 987), Count of Vermandois *Albert I, Count of Namur (c. 950 1011), a Belgian count *Albert I of Brandenburg (c. 1100 1170), first Margrave of Brandenburg *Albert I of Käfernburg (d. 1232),… …   Wikipedia

  • Albert II — may refer to:* Albert II, Margrave of Meissen (1240 1314), Margrave of Meissen * Albert II, Count of Gorizia (d. 1304), third Count of Gorizia * Albert II of Austria (1298 ndash;1358), Duke of Austria * Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg (1318 1379) …   Wikipedia

  • Albert I — Albert Ier  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents souverains partageant un même nom. Il existe plusieurs personnages historiques portant le nom d Albert Ier: Albert Ier (v. 931 987), comte de Vermandois de 946 à 987 ; Albert… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert II —     Albert II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Albert II     (Albrecht II.)     Eighteenth Archbishop of Magdeburg in Saxony, date of birth unknown; d. 1232. He was the son of Gunther III, Count of Kevernburg, and began his studies at Hildesheim,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Albert I. — Albert I. ist der Name folgender Personen: Albert I. (Namur) (um 1000), Graf von Namur Albert I. (Görz) ( 1240–1304), Graf von Görz und Tirol Albert I. (Monaco) (1848–1922), monegassischer Fürst Albert I. (Belgien) (1875–1934), belgischer König… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Nađ — (2007) Albert Nađ (auch: Albert Nadj, kyrillisch: Алберт Нађ, ungarisch Nagy Albert) (* 29. Oktober 1974 in Zemun, SFR Jugoslawien) ist ein serbischer Fußballspieler ungarischer Abstammung. Der 1,74 m große und 72 kg schwere defensive… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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