/al"euhr ik/, n.A.D. c370-410, king of the Visigoths: captured Rome 410.
* * *▪ leader of Visigothsborn c. 370, , Peuce Island [now in Romania]died 410, Cosentia, Bruttium [now Cosenza, Italy]chief of the Visigoths (Visigoth) from 395 and leader of the army that sacked Rome in August 410, an event that symbolized the fall of the Western Roman Empire.A nobleman by birth, Alaric served for a time as commander of Gothic troops in the Roman army, but shortly after the death of the emperor Theodosius I in 395, he left the army and was elected chief of the Visigoths. Charging that his tribe had not been given subsidies promised by the Romans, Alaric marched westward toward Constantinople (now Istanbul) until he was diverted by Roman forces. He then moved southward into Greece, where he sacked Piraeus (the port of Athens) and ravaged Corinth, Megara, Argos, and Sparta. The Eastern emperor Flavius Arcadius finally placated the Visigoths in 397, probably by appointing Alaric magister militum (“master of the soldiers”) in Illyricum.In 401 Alaric invaded Italy, but he was defeated by the Roman general Flavius Stilicho (Stilicho, Flavius) at Pollentia (modern Pollenza) on April 6, 402, and forced to withdraw from the peninsula. A second invasion also ended in defeat, though Alaric eventually compelled the Senate at Rome to pay a large subsidy to the Visigoths. After Stilicho was murdered in August 408, an antibarbarian party took power in Rome and incited the Roman troops to massacre the wives and children of tribesmen who were serving in the Roman army. These tribal soldiers thereupon defected to Alaric, substantially increasing his military strength.Although Alaric was eager for peace, the Western emperor Flavius Honorius refused to recognize his requests for land and supplies. The Visigothic chieftain thereupon laid siege to Rome (408) until the Senate granted him another subsidy and assistance in his negotiations with Honorius. Honorius remained intransigent, however, and in 409 Alaric again surrounded Rome. He lifted his blockade after proclaiming Attalus (Attalus, Priscus) as Western emperor. Attalus appointed him magister utriusque militiae (“master of both services”) but refused to allow him to send an army into Africa. Negotiations with Honorius broke down, and Alaric deposed Attalus in the summer of 410, besieging Rome for the third time. Allies within the capital opened the gates for him on August 24, and for three days his troops occupied the city, which had not been captured by a foreign enemy for nearly 800 years. Although the Visigoths plundered Rome, they treated its inhabitants humanely and burned only a few buildings. Having abandoned a plan to occupy Africa. Alaric died as the Visigoths were marching northward.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Alaric I — ( Alareiks in the original Gothic; Alarik or Alarich in modern Germanic languages; Alaricus in Latin; and Alarico in Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish), was likely born about 370 on an island named Peuce (the Fir) at the mouth of the Danube. He… … Wikipedia
Alaric — is a Germanic name that, broken into its parts means Ala everyone s and ric ruler . This has various forms in the several Germanic languages, such as Alareiks in the original Gothic and Alrekr in Old Norse. Most modern Germanic languages render… … Wikipedia
ALARIC II° — (485–507), Visigothic king. Alaric II was a strong and prudent ruler of the Visigoths, who had established themselves in Spain and southern France on the breakdown of the western Roman Empire. The Visigoths had adopted Arian Christianity, a form… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Alaric — [al′ə rik] 1. A.D. 370 410; king of the Visigoths (395? 410): captured Rome (410) 2. Alaric II died A.D. 507; king of the Visigoths (484? 507): issued a code of laws … English World dictionary
Alăric — (d A.), Kanal im Dep. Oberpyrenäen … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Alaric — m English (rare): from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements ala all or ali stranger + rīc power, ruler, which was introduced to Britain in this form by the Normans. The first element may also in part derive from a contracted form of… … First names dictionary
Alaric II — roi des Wisigoths (484 507), tué par Clovis à Vouillé … Encyclopédie Universelle
Alaric — Alaric, Alric Rencontré surtout dans le Sud, c est un nom de personne d origine germanique (ala = tout + ric = puissant) … Noms de famille
Alaric — Visigothic masc. proper name, lit. all ruler, from P.Gmc. *ala all + *rikja rule (see RICH (Cf. rich)) … Etymology dictionary
Alaric — (c. 370 410) Great Visigothic king and warrior whose sack of the ancient capital city of Rome in 410, following the assassination of his rival Stilicho, profoundly shocked and dismayed the people of the Roman Empire, a shock from which the… … Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe
Alaric II — (d. 507) Visigothic king of Toulouse (484 507) who traditionally has been seen as a weak and unworthy successor to his great father Euric, but who more recently has been seen as an important and innovative king. Even by traditional estimates,… … Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe