airframe


airframe
/air"fraym'/, n.
the framework and external covering of an airplane, rocket, etc.
[1930-35; AIR(PLANE) + FRAME]

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      basic structure of an airplane or spacecraft excluding its power plant and instrumentation; its principal components thus include the wings (wing), fuselage, tail assembly, and landing gear. The airframe is designed to withstand all aerodynamic forces as well as the stresses imposed by the weight of the fuel, crew, and payload.

      Most airframes of early airplanes consisted of a fuselage of truss design constructed of narrow hardwood boards or steel tubing and braced with wires. This basic framework supported the wing structure, which was composed of spars with ribbing. Both the fuselage and wings were covered by a skin of cotton fabric. Airframe construction was radically improved during the 1930s. The aerodynamically contoured fuselage shell characteristic of all modern aircraft was introduced at this time, and high-strength, lightweight metals (chiefly aluminum alloys, magnesium, and some stainless steel and titanium) replaced wood and fabric throughout the airframe.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Airframe — means the mechanical structure of an aircraft [cite book | author =Ed Rouen | title=Airplane Names | publisher=San Diego Aerospace Museum | year=2005 | url=http://www.marchfield.org/rouen01.html Names and dates of more than 2,800 aircraft models… …   Wikipedia

  • Airframe — [ˈɛɹˌfɹeɪm] ist ein Roman von Michael Crichton, der im Jahre 1996 veröffentlicht wurde. Als Airframe (von englisch frame: Rahmen) bezeichnet man in der Flugzeugindustrie den komplett aufgebauten Rumpfteil eines Flugzeuges inklusive aller… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • airframe — n. 1. the framework and covering of an airplane or rocket (excluding the engines). [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • airframe — [er′frām΄] n. the structural framework and covering of an airplane, rocket, etc., not including the engine and its related parts …   English World dictionary

  • airframe — noun /ˈɛɹ.fɹe(ɪ)m/ the main body and structure of an aircraft (without the powerplant). This airframe has 2600 flight hours on it; the powerplant has just over 800 …   Wiktionary

  • airframe — noun Date: 1931 the structure of an aircraft, rocket vehicle, or missile without the power plant; also aircraft …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • airframe — n. framework and external covering of an aircraft …   English contemporary dictionary

  • airframe — noun the body of an aircraft as distinct from its engine …   English new terms dictionary

  • airframe — air•frame [[t]ˈɛərˌfreɪm[/t]] n. aer. the framework and external covering of an airplane, rocket, etc • Etymology: 1930–35 …   From formal English to slang

  • airframe — /ˈɛəfreɪm/ (say airfraym) noun the whole body of an aeroplane without its engines …   Australian English dictionary