/euh him"sah, euh hing"-/, n. Hinduism.the principle of noninjury to living beings.[1870-75; < Skt, equiv. to a- not, without (c. A-6) + himsa injury, akin to hánti (he) slays, Gk phónos murder]
* * *(Sanskrit: "noninjury") Fundamental ethical virtue of Jainism, also respected in Buddhism and Hinduism.In Jainism ahimsa is the standard by which all actions are judged. It requires a householder observing the small vows (anuvrata) to refrain from killing any animal life. An ascetic observing the great vows (mahavrata) is expected to take the greatest care not to injure any living substance, even unknowingly. To do so interrupts that being's spiritual progress and increases one's own karma, delaying liberation from the cycle of rebirth. In the 20th century Mohandas K. Gandhi extended ahimsa into the political sphere as satyagraha.
* * *▪ religious doctrineSanskrit Ahiṃsā(“noninjury”), the fundamental ethical virtue of the Jains of India, highly respected throughout the centuries by Hindus and Buddhists as well. In modern times, Mahatma Gandhi (Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand), the famous spiritual and political leader, developed his theory of passive resistance as a means of bringing about political change on the principle of ahimsa.In Jainism, ahimsa is the standard by which all actions are judged. For a householder observing the small vows (aṇuvrata), the practice of ahimsa requires that he not kill any animal life, but for an ascetic observing the great vows (mahāvrata), ahimsa entails the greatest care to prevent him from knowingly or unknowingly being the cause of injury to any living substance. Living matter (jiva) includes not only human beings and animals but insects, plants, and atoms as well, and the same law governs the entire cosmos. The interruption of another jiva's spiritual progress increases one's own karma and delays one's liberation from the cycle of rebirths. Many common Jainist practices, such as not eating or drinking after dark or the wearing of cloth mouth covers (mukhavastrikā) by monks, are based on the principle of ahimsa.Though the Hindus and Buddhists never required so strict an observance of ahimsa as the Jains, vegetarianism and tolerance toward all forms of life became widespread in India. The Buddhist emperor Aśoka (Ashoka) in his inscriptions of the 3rd century BC stressed the sanctity of animal life. Ahimsa is one of the first disciplines learned by the student of yoga and is required to be mastered in the preparatory stage (yama), the first of the eight stages that lead to perfect concentration. In the early 20th century Gandhi extended ahimsa into the political sphere as satyagraha, nonviolent resistance to a specific evil.
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Ahimsa — (Sanskrit, f., अहिंसा, ahiṃsā, wörtlich das Nicht Verletzen) bedeutet Gewaltlosigkeit – eines der wichtigsten Prinzipien im Hinduismus, Jainismus und Buddhismus. Es handelt sich um eine Verhaltensregel, die das Töten oder Verletzen von Lebewesen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ahimsa — Ahimsâ Religions Védisme Brahmanisme Hindouisme Ajîvika Jaïnisme … Wikipédia en Français
Ahimsâ — Religions Védisme Brahmanisme Hindouisme Ajîvika Jaïnisme … Wikipédia en Français
ahimsa — Ahimsa means “non killing.” This is a concept that seems to emerge in late Vedic times (c. 800 B.C.E.) and is primarily associated with the Jain (see JAINISM) and Buddhist traditions at that time. It gradually is taken into the Brahminical… … Encyclopedia of Hinduism
Ahiṃsā — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La mano con una rueda en la palma simboliza el voto jainista de la ahiṃsā. La palabra escrita en el medio es «ahiṃsā». La rueda representa el dharmacakra, que se enfrenta al ciclo de la reencarnación a través de la… … Wikipedia Español
AHIMSA — AHI ヒS Le mot sanskrit ahi ュs , qui désigne, dans les religions de l’Inde, la non violence (ou la non nuisance) et même l’absence de toute intention de nuire, est composé du préfixe privatif a et de HI ヒS, forme désidérative abrégée de la racine… … Encyclopédie Universelle
ahimsa — (n.) 1875, from Skt. ahimsa, from a without + himsa injury … Etymology dictionary
ahimsa — ahìmsa ž <G mn ā/ ī> DEFINICIJA bud. 1. zabrana ubijanja živih bića, osnovni moralni zakon budizma, hinduizma i jainizma (odatle vegetarijanstvo, nenasilje i sl.) 2. jedna od prvih vještina koju uči učenik joge, prvi od 8 stupnjeva potpune… … Hrvatski jezični portal
ahimsa — [ə him′sä΄] n. [Sans ahimsā, non injury < a , not + himsā, injury < IE * ĝheis , to wound < base * ĝhei , to hurl, projectile > GOAD] Buddhism Jainism etc. the doctrine that all life is one and sacred, resulting in the principle of… … English World dictionary
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