agon


agon
/ag"ohn, -on, ah gohn"/, n., pl. agones /euh goh"neez/.
1. (in ancient Greece) a contest in which prizes were awarded in any of a number of events, as athletics, drama, music, poetry, and painting.
2. (italics) Greek. (in ancient Greek drama) a formalized debate or argumentation, esp. in comedy: usually following the proagon and preceding the parabasis.
3. Literature. conflict, esp. between the protagonist and the antagonist.
[1650-60; < Gk agón struggle, contest]

* * *

      debate or contest between two characters in Attic (Attic dialect) comedy, constituting one of several formal conventions in these highly structured plays. More generally, an agon is the contest of opposed wills in Classical tragedy or any subsequent drama.

      The Old Comedy of Greece, introduced into Dionysian festivals in 487 BC and surviving in the works of Aristophanes, adhered to a rigid structure within which some variation was allowed. The plays begin with a prologos, which outlines the dilemma of the plot, followed by the parodos, or chorus entrance, which in Aristophanic comedies often revealed the chorus dressed as animals. Next, a debate, or agon, develops between an actor and the chorus or between two actors, each supported by half the chorus. Representing opposing principles, the actors argue in a fashion similar to the dialectical dialogues of Plato. In Aristophanes' The Clouds, for example, the agon concerns right and wrong logic. Following the debate is the parabasis, or “coming forward,” at which time the chorus steps forward to address the audience directly, speaking in the name of the poet and often haranguing the audience by attacking prominent people or social and political principles.

      The probable source of the agon and the other elaborate conventions of Old Comedy is the mimetic ritual from which comedy evolved, namely ancient fertility rituals in which men attempted to imitate the life cycles of regeneration and rebirth.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Agón — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Agōn — Agôn Pour les articles homonymes, voir Agon. Dans la Grèce antique, un agôn (en grec ancien ἀγών / agốn, parfois transcrit agōn ou simplement agon) désigne un concours artistique ou sportif organisé à l occasion de célébrations religieuses.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agon — (griechisch Αγων „Kampf“, „Wettstreit“, eigtl. „Versammlung“) steht für: Agon (Wettstreit), einen sportlichen oder musischen Wettstreit in der griechischen Antike Agon (Musik), jegliche Wettkämpfe in sämtlichen musischen Bewerben Agon… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agon — (Classical Greek Polytonic|ἀγών ) is an ancient Greek word with several meanings: *In one sense, it meant a contest, competition, or challenge that was held in connection with religious festivals. [Trapido (1949)] [… …   Wikipedia

  • Agon — Agón (en griego clásico ἀγών) es una palabra en griego antiguo que significa contienda, desafío, disputa. Es un debate formal que tiene lugar entre dos personajes, usualmente con el coro actuando de juez. Proto agonístes, protagonista, es el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Agon — 〈m. 1〉 1. sportl. od. mus. Wettkampf im antiken Griechenland 2. Hauptteil der attischen Komödie [grch., „Wettkampf“] * * * Agon, der; s, e [griech. ago̅̓n, eigtl. = Versammlung] (griech. Antike): 1. sportlicher u. musischer Wettkampf. 2.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • agon — agon; agon·ic; agon·i·dae; agon·o·thete; …   English syllables

  • Agon — (Таормина,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Nazionale 48, 98039 Таормина, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • AGON — locus est certaminis Romae, qui Circus Flaminius dicebatur; ponitur pro ipso certamine. Est quoque nomen proprium apud Plut. Item Aethiopiae fluv. Dicitur autem Agon ab α privativo et γωνία angulus, quod in loco non anguloso, sed rotundo Agon… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • AGON — is a series of episodic adventure games for Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows by Private Moon Studios. The game uses QuickTime VR like panoramas in a first person camera mode. The game takes place starting in 1903.Games* * * * External links*… …   Wikipedia

  • Agon — der; s, e <über lat. agon »Wettkampf« aus gleichbed. gr. ago̅n, eigtl. »Versammlung«>: 1. sportlicher od. geistiger Wettkampf im antiken Griechenland. 2. der Hauptteil der attischen Komödie …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.