agglutination


agglutination
/euh glooht'n ay"sheuhn/, n.
1. the act or process of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance.
2. the state of being thus united; adhesion of parts.
3. that which is united; a mass or group cemented together.
4. Immunol. the clumping of bacteria, red blood cells, or other cells, due to the introduction of an antibody.
5. Ling. a process of word formation in which morphemes, each having one relatively constant shape, are combined without fusion or morphophonemic change, and in which each grammatical category is typically represented by a single morpheme in the resulting word, esp. such a process involving the addition of one or more affixes to a base, as in Turkish, in which ev means "house," ev-den means "from a house," and ev-ler-den means "from houses."
[1535-45; AGGLUTINATE + -ION]

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      a grammatical process in which words are composed of a sequence of morphemes (word elements), each of which represents not more than a single grammatical category. This term is traditionally employed in the typological classification of languages. Turkish (Turkish language), Finnish, and Japanese are among the languages that form words by agglutination. The Turkish term ev-ler-den “from the houses” is an example of a word containing a stem and two word elements; the stem is ev- “house,” the element -ler- carries the meaning of plural, and -den indicates “from.” In Wishram, a dialect of Chinook (a North American Indian language), the word ačimluda (“He will give it to you”) is composed of the elements a- “future,” -č- “he,” -i- “him,” -m- “thee,” -1- “to,” -ud- “give,” and -a “future.”

      Agglutinating languages contrast with inflecting languages, in which one word element may represent several grammatical categories, and also with isolating languages, in which each word consists of only one word element. Most languages are mixtures of all three types.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • agglutination — [ aglytinasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1537; bas lat. agglutinatio ♦ Action d agglutiner, fait de s agglutiner. ♢ Biol. Immobilisation, réunion et sédimentation des germes d un bouillon de culture en présence d agglutinines. Phénomène analogue observé sur les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Agglutination — bezeichnet: in der Medizin die Verklumpung von Zellen, siehe Agglutinine in der Linguistik das Kenntlichmachen grammatischer Funktionen durch Affixe, siehe Agglutinierender Sprachbau in der Linguistik bestimmte Wörter mit historisch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agglutination — Ag*glu ti*na tion, n. [Cf. F. agglutination.] 1. The act of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance; the state of being thus united; adhesion of parts. [1913 Webster] 2. (Physiol.) Combination in which root words are united with little or no …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • agglutination — agglutination. См. агглютинация. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Agglutination — (v. lat. Agglutinatio),, 1) Anklebung, Anheftung; daher Agglutinirende Mittel (Agglutinantia), Klebmittel; sonst Mittel, die besonders heilsam geglaubt wurden zur Vereinigung zerbrochener, zerrissener od. zerschnittener Körpertheile; jetzt… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Agglutination — (lat., »Verklebung«), die Vereinigung der Ränder von Schnittwunden durch eine Schicht von gerinnender Flüssigkeit (»plastischer Lymphe«), wird unterstützt durch Naht und Klebmittel (Agglutinantia), z. B. Heftpflaster, Kollodium etc. A. heißt auch …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Agglutination — (lat.), Verklebung, die Vereinigung geschnittener Wunden durch gerinnende Flüssigkeit (Lymphe). Agglutinierende Mittel, Klebemittel zur schnellen Vereinigung der Wunden. Agglutinierende Sprachen, s. Sprache …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • agglutination — index adhesion (affixing), agglomeration, coalescence Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Agglutination — Agglutination, Zusammenballung partikulärer Antigene (z.B. Bakterien, Viren, Blutzellen) durch spezifische Antikörper (Agglutinine) …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • agglutination — AGGLUTINATION. s. f. Terme de Médecine. Action de réunir les chairs, les peaux séparées par quelque plaie …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • agglutination — (n.) 1540s, from L. agglutinationem (nom. agglutinatio), noun of action from pp. stem of agglutinare fasten with glue, from ad to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + glutinare to glue, from gluten glue, from PIE *glei (see GLUE (C …   Etymology dictionary


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