Agathocles

Agathocles
/euh gath"euh kleez'/, n.
361-289 B.C., tyrant of Syracuse 317-289.

* * *

born 361 BC, Thermae Himeraeae, Sicily
died 289

Tyrant of Syracuse (317–304?) and self-styled king of Sicily (304?–289).

He moved to Syracuse as a youth and served in its army. After two failed attempts, he overthrew the Syracusan oligarchy (317) and took power. He waged wars with other Sicilian Greek cities (316–313?) and with Carthage (311), almost capturing Carthage itself before he was defeated (307). He concluded a favourable treaty (306) that curtailed Carthaginian expansion in Sicily. Harsh domestic measures kept him in power, and he declared himself king of Sicily; his reign was peaceful thereafter. He restored Syracusan liberty in his will, but after his death the Carthaginians were once again a power in Sicily.

* * *

▪ tyrant of Syracuse

born 361 BC, Thermae Himeraeae, Sicily
died 289

      tyrant of Syracuse, in Sicily, from 317 to c. 304 and self-styled king of Sicily after c. 304. A champion of Hellenism, he waged war unsuccessfully against Carthage.

      Agathocles moved from his native town to Syracuse about 343 and served with distinction in the army. Twice banished for attempting to overthrow the oligarchical party, he returned in 317 with an army, banished or murdered about 10,000 citizens (including the oligarchs), and set himself up as tyrant.

      Agathocles then embarked on a long series of wars. His first campaigns (316–c. 313), against the other Sicilian Greeks, brought a number of cities, including Messana, under his control. Carthage, however, fearing for its own possessions in Sicily, sent a large force to the island. Thus the struggle that had gone on between the Sicilian Greeks and Carthage intermittently since the 6th century was renewed. In 311 Agathocles, defeated and besieged in Syracuse, saved himself by breaking through the blockade and attacking his enemy's homelands in Africa with considerable success until his defeat in 307. The peace he concluded in 306 was not unfavourable, for it restricted Carthaginian power in Sicily to the area west of the Halycus (Platani) River. Agathocles continued to strengthen his rule over the Greek cities of Sicily. By c. 304 he felt secure enough to assume the title king of Sicily, and he extended his influence into southern Italy and the Adriatic.

      Agathocles' reign as king was peaceful, allowing him to enrich Syracuse with many public buildings. Dissension among his family about the succession, however, caused him in his will to restore liberty to the Syracusans, and his death was followed by a recrudescence of Carthaginian power in Sicily.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Agathocles — (361 289 BC), (Greek name Αγαθοκλής ( Agathokles ): derived from αγαθός ( agathos ) good and κλέος ( kleos ) glory ), was tyrant of Syracuse (317 289 BC) and king of Sicily (304 289 BC).BiographyAgathocles was born at Thermae Himeraeae (modern… …   Wikipedia

  • Agathocles — Жанр Грайндкор Годы с 1985 Страна …   Википедия

  • Agathocles — Agathoclès Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Agathocle de Syracuse, tyran puis roi de Syracuse (361 289 av. J. C.) ; Agathoclès de Thrace, fils de Lysimaque, mort en 284 av. J.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AGATHOCLES — I. AGATHOCLES Babylonius, sive Cyzicenus, utrôque enim modô ab Athenaeo appellatur, l. 9. et 12. Cyzicenorum res scripsit. Fuit praeterea alius, Chius; rei Rusticae seriptor, de quo Varro l. 1. c. 1. et Columella. l. 1. c. 1. Est et Agathocles… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Agathoclès — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Agathocle de Syracuse, tyran puis roi de Syracuse (361 289 av. J. C.) ; Agathoclès de Thrace, fils de Lysimaque, mort en 284 av. J. C. ;… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agathocles — Agathokles war ein im antiken Griechenland häufig vorkommender Männername. Die bekanntesten Personen mit diesem Namen sind: Agathokles, ein Musiker, Schüler des Pythagoras, Lehrer Damons Agathokles, ein Historiker im 5. oder 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agathocles, S. — S. Agathocles, M. Aus dem Gr. = von gutem Rufe. – Der hl. Agathocles wird vorzüglich in der griechischen Kirche verehrt. Er ward mit einem glühenden eisernen Stachel, der in bildlichen Darstellungen gewöhnlich sein Attribut bildet, durchbohrt und …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Agathocles — biographical name 361 289 B.C. tyrant of Syracuse …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Agathocles — /əˈgæθəkliz/ (say uh gathuhkleez) noun 361–289 BC, tyrant of Syracuse …   Australian English dictionary

  • Agathocles — /euh gath euh kleez /, n. 361 289 B.C., tyrant of Syracuse 317 289 …   Useful english dictionary


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»