Afrikaner


Afrikaner
/af'ri kah"neuhr, -kan"euhr/, n.
an Afrikaans-speaking native of South Africa of European, esp. Dutch, descent.
Also, Afrikaaner.
[1815-1825; < Afrik, earlier Afrikaander, equiv. to Afrikaan AFRICAN + -er -ER1, with -d- from Hollander]

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Any South African of Dutch or Huguenot descent whose native language is Afrikaans.

The Afrikaners were originally called Boers ("farmers"), since many Dutch and Huguenot settlers of the old Cape Colony (founded 1652) became frontier farmers in the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. Staunch Calvinists, they saw themselves as children of God in a pagan wilderness. They established self-sufficient patriarchal communities, developed their own language and subculture, and were committed to a policy of apartheid. They fought a bitter war with the British (the South African War, 1899–1902) over the right to govern the frontier territories. Though defeated, they retained their old language and culture and eventually attained politically the power they had failed to win militarily. They dominated South African politics for most of the 20th century but were obliged to give up national power after the first elections based on universal suffrage in 1994. Today much of the country's economic wealth remains in Afrikaner hands. Afrikaners number about 6.4 million. See also Cape Town; Great Trek; National Party of South Africa.

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      a South African of European descent whose native language is Afrikaans. They are descendants of the Boers. See Boer.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Afrikaner — Afrikaner …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Afrikaner — steht für: einen Bewohner Afrikas einen Schwarzafrikaner einen Afrikaans Muttersprachler (zur Geschichte der weißen Sprecher siehe Buren). Im Deutschen wird zur Unterscheidung von Schwarzafrikanern meist die Variante Afrikaaner verwendet. einen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • afrikaner — [ afrikanɛr ] ou afrikander [ afrikɑ̃dɛr ] n. • fin XIXe; néerl. du Cap Afrikaander, de Afrikaansch « Africain » ♦ Individu de race blanche, d origine néerlandaise, citoyen de l Afrique du Sud. Afrikaner qui est pour l apartheid. Adj. Relatif à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • afrikaner — afrikáner adj. y n. Se aplica a los habitantes de Sudáfrica de raza blanca cuya lengua es el afrikaans. * * * afrikáner. adj. Se dice del descendiente de los colonos holandeses de Sudáfrica o de la persona integrada con ellos. U. t. c. s. * * *… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Afrikaner — Afrikaner,der:derFarbige♦umg:Neger·derSchwarze(oftabwert);Mohr(veraltet)♦salopp:Nigger(abwert);auch⇨Afroamerikaner,⇨Farbige(1) …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • Afrikaner — Afrikáner m (Afrikánerka, Afrikánerica ž) <N mn Afrikáneri> DEFINICIJA stanovnik Južnoafričke Republike burskog podrijetla ETIMOLOGIJA bur …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Afrikaner(in) — [Aufbauwortschatz (Rating 1500 3200)] …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • afrikáner — adj. Se dice del descendiente de los colonos holandeses de Sudáfrica o de la persona integrada con ellos. U. t. c. s.) …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Afrikaner — ► NOUN ▪ an Afrikaans speaking white person in South Africa. DERIVATIVES Afrikanerdom noun …   English terms dictionary

  • Afrikaner — [af΄ri kän′ər] n. [Du] a white South African whose native language is Afrikaans, esp. one of Dutch ancestry …   English World dictionary

  • Afrikaner — Infobox Ethnic group group = Afrikaner people caption = Andries Pretorius· Jan Smuts· Petrus Jacobus Joubert pop = approx. 3.4 millionFact|date=September 2008 regions = *flagcountry|South Africa 2.5 3 million Fact|date=September 2008… …   Wikipedia


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