affix


affix
affixable, adj.affixal /a fik"seuhl/, affixial /a fik"see euhl/, adj.affixer, n.affixment, n.
v. /euh fiks"/; n. /af"iks/, v.t.
1. to fasten, join, or attach (usually fol. by to): to affix stamps to a letter.
2. to put or add on; append: to affix a signature to a contract.
3. to impress (a seal or stamp).
4. to attach (blame, reproach, ridicule, etc.).
n.
5. something that is joined or attached.
6. Gram. a bound inflectional or derivational element, as a prefix, infix, or suffix, added to a base or stem to form a fresh stem or a word, as -ed added to want to form wanted, or im- added to possible to form impossible. Cf. combining form.
[1525-35; < L affixus fastened to (ptp. of affigere), equiv. to af- AF- + fig- fasten + -sus, var. of -tus ptp. suffix]

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      a grammatical element that is combined with a word, stem, or phrase to produce derived and inflected forms. There are three types of affixes: prefixes, infixes, and suffixes. A prefix occurs at the beginning of a word or stem (sub-mit, pre-determine, un-willing); a suffix at the end (wonder-ful, depend-ent, act-ion); and an infix occurs in the middle. English has no infixes, but they are found in American Indian languages, Greek, Tagalog, and elsewhere. Examples of English inflectional suffixes are illustrated by the -s of “cats,” the -er of “longer,” and the -ed of “asked.” See also morphology.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • affix — af·fix /ə fiks, a / vt 1: to attach physically 2: to attach or add in any way affix a signature to a document 3: to make by or as if by pressure affix my seal Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law …   Law dictionary

  • Affix — Af*fix , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Affixed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Affixing}.] [LL. affixare, L. affixus, p. p. of affigere to fasten to; ad + figere to fasten: cf. OE. affichen, F. afficher, ultimately fr. L. affigere. See {Fix}.] 1. To subjoin, annex, or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Affix — Sn nicht frei vorkommendes Wortbildungselement per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh., Form 20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. affīxum das Angeheftete , dem substantivierten PPP. von l. affīgere anheften, an etwas befestigen , zu l. fīgere (fīxum)… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • affix — [ə fiks′, afiks′; ] for n. [, af′iks΄] vt. [< L affixus, pp. of affigere, to fasten to < ad , to + figere, FIX] 1. to fasten; attach [to affix a label to a bottle] 2. to add at the end; append n. [Fr affixe < L affixus: see AFFIX the vt …   English World dictionary

  • Affix — Af fix, n.; pl. {Affixes}. [L. affixus, p. p. of affigere: cf. F. affixe.] That which is affixed; an appendage; esp. one or more letters or syllables added at the end of a word; a suffix; a postfix. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Affíx — (lat., »Anfügung«), die am Anfang oder Ende eines Wortes angehängten Silben, die den Begriff desselben näher bestimmen, z. B. » lich« in »weiblich«. Vgl. Sprache …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Affix — (lat. affixum, Mehrzahl affixa), Anhang, am Anfang oder Ende eines Wortes angehängte Silbe …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • affix — vb *fasten, attach, fix Analogous words: append, *add, subjoin, annex: *stick, adhere Antonyms: detach Contrasted words: disengage (see DETACH) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • affix — is a grammatical term for word elements added at the beginnings or ends of words (e.g. anti , post , re , able, ness, tion). It is also used for elements put in the middle of words (infixes) such as Eliza Doolittle s abso blooming lutely …   Modern English usage

  • affix — [v] attach or stick add, annex, append, bind, fasten, glue, hitch on*, join, paste, put on, rivet, slap on*, subjoin, tack, tack on*, tag, tag on*; concepts 85,113,160 Ant. detach, let go, loosen …   New thesaurus

  • affix — ► VERB ▪ attach or fasten to something else. ► NOUN Grammar ▪ an addition to a word in order to modify its meaning or create a new word. DERIVATIVES affixation noun. ORIGIN Latin affixare, from figere to fix …   English terms dictionary


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