advent


advent
/ad"vent/, n.
1. a coming into place, view, or being; arrival: the advent of the holiday season.
2. (usually cap.) the coming of Christ into the world.
3. (cap.) the period beginning four Sundays before Christmas, observed in commemoration of the coming of Christ into the world.
4. (usually cap.) See Second Coming.
[1125-75; ME < L adventus arrival, approach, equiv. to ad- AD- + ven- (s. of venire to come) + -tus suffix of verbal action]
Syn. 1. onset, beginning, commencement, start.

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In the Christian calendar, the first season of the church year, a period of preparation for the birth of Jesus.

Advent begins on the Sunday nearest to November 30 and continues until Christmas. Viewed as a penitential season, it is also considered a time of preparation for the Second Coming of Christ. The origin of Advent is unknown, but it was observed as early as the 6th century. In many countries it is celebrated with popular customs such as the lighting of Advent candles.

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 (from Latin adventus, “coming”), in the Christian church calendar, the period of preparation for the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ at Christmas and also of preparation for the Second Coming of Christ. It begins on the Sunday nearest to November 30 (St. Andrew's Day) and is the beginning of the new church year. The date when the season was first observed is uncertain. Bishop Perpetuus of Tours (461–490) established a fast before Christmas that began on November 11 (St. Martin's Day), and the Council of Tours (567) mentioned an Advent season. Its liturgical meaning referred to the dual “coming” of Jesus—his incarnation in Bethlehem and his second coming as judge at the end of time. Together with Lent it was observed as a penitential season, though not with the same rigour as Lent. Consequently, Advent developed increasingly into the joyful anticipation of Jesus' birth.

      In many countries it is marked by a variety of popular observances, such as the lighting of Advent candles, one on each of the four Sundays before Christmas.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Advent — Advent …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Advent — (from the Latin word la. adventus , meaning coming ) is a season of the Christian church, the period of expectant waiting and preparation for the celebration of the Nativity of Jesus, in other words, the period immediately before Christmas. It is …   Wikipedia

  • Advent — • According to 1907 usage, a period beginning with the Sunday nearest to the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle and embracing four Sundays Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Advent     Advent …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Advent — Ad vent, n. [L. adventus, fr. advenire, adventum: cf. F. avent. See {Advene}.] 1. (Eccl.) The period including the four Sundays before Christmas. [1913 Webster] {Advent Sunday} (Eccl.), the first Sunday in the season of Advent, being always the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Advent — Sm Vorweihnachtszeit std. (13. Jh.), mhd. advente, mndd. advente Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. adventus Ankunft [Christi] , dem Verbalabstraktum zu l. advenīre ankommen aus l. venīre (ventum) kommen und l. ad hinzu . Das lateinische Wort hat seit… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • advent — ADVÉNT s.n. 1. (La catolici) Perioadă de patru săptămâni dinaintea Crăciunului. 2. Fiecare din cele patru duminici care preced Crăciunul. (< germ. Advent, lat. adventus) Trimis de tavi, 03.08.2006. Sursa: MDN  advént s.n., pl. advénturi… …   Dicționar Român

  • advent — ► NOUN 1) the arrival of a notable person or thing. 2) (Advent) Christian Theology the coming or second coming of Christ. 3) (Advent) the first season of the Church year, leading up to Christmas. ORIGIN Latin adventus arrival …   English terms dictionary

  • àdvent — m 〈G mn nātā〉 kat. 1. {{001f}}(Advent) dolazak Kristov na zemlju; Došašće 2. {{001f}}dio liturgijske godine, posljednja četiri tjedna pred Božić posvećena molitvi i razmatranjima ✧ {{001f}}lat …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • advent — (n.) important arrival, 1742, an extended sense of Advent season before Christmas (Old English), from L. adventus a coming, approach, arrival, in Church Latin the coming of the Savior, from pp. stem of advenire arrive, come to, from ad to (see AD …   Etymology dictionary

  • advent — àdvent m <G mn nātā> DEFINICIJA kat. 1. (Advent) dolazak Kristov na zemlju; Došašće 2. dio liturgijske godine, posljednja četiri tjedna pred Božić posvećena molitvi i razmatranjima; advenat ETIMOLOGIJA lat. adventivus: pridošao ≃ adventus:… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Advent — »Zeit der Ankunft Christi«: Mhd. advent‹e› ist aus lat. adventus »Ankunft« entlehnt, das zu ad venire »ankommen« gehört. Das einfache Verb venire ist mit dt. ↑ kommen urverwandt. Über die Vorsilbe vgl. ↑ ad..., ↑ Ad... – Eine ganze Reihe von… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch


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