adjuvant


adjuvant
/aj"euh veuhnt/, adj.
1. serving to help or assist; auxiliary.
2. Med. utilizing drugs, radiation therapy, or other means of supplemental treatment following cancer surgery.
n.
3. a person or thing that aids or helps.
4. anything that aids in removing or preventing a disease, esp. a substance added to a prescription to aid the effect of the main ingredient.
5. Immunol. a substance admixed with an immunogen in order to elicit a more marked immune response.
[1600-10; < L adjuvant- (s. of adjuvans, prp. of adjuvare), equiv. to ad- AD- + juv- (s. of juvare to help) + -ant- -ANT]

* * *

      substance that enhances the effect of a particular medical treatment. Administration of one drug may enhance the effect of another. In anesthesia (anesthetic), for example, sedative drugs are customarily given before an operation to reduce the quantity of anesthetic drug needed. In immunology an adjuvant is a substance that increases the body's reaction to a foreign substance. The reaction to diphtheria toxoid—modified form of the toxin, or poisonous substance, produced by the organism that causes diphtheria—is increased, for example, if the toxoid is adsorbed (attached) to particles of aluminum hydroxide or aluminum phosphate.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • adjuvant — [ adʒyvɑ̃ ] n. m. • 1834; adj. « qui aide, auxiliaire » 1560; lat. adjuvans, p. prés. de adjuvare « aider » 1 ♦ Médicament, traitement auxiliaire, destiné à renforcer ou compléter la médication principale. ♢ Par anal. Produit que l on ajoute à un …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • adjuvant — adjuvánt s. n., pl. adjuvánte Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  adjuvánt adj. m., pl. adjuvánţi; f. sg. adjuvántă, pl. adjuvánte …   Dicționar Român

  • adjuvant — adjuvant, ante (a dju van, van t ) adj. 1°   Qui aide, auxiliaire. 2°   En termes de pharmacie, un médicament adjuvant, ou subst. m. un adjuvant, médicament qu on fait entrer dans une formule pour seconder l action de celui qu on regarde comme… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Adjuvant — Ad ju*vant, a. [L. adjuvans, p. pr. of adjuvare to aid: cf. F. adjuvant. See {Aid}.] Helping; helpful; assisting. [R.] Adjuvant causes. Howell. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Adjuvant — Ad ju*vant ([a^]d j[ u]*vant), n. [L. adjuvamentum, fr. adjuvare to help; ad + juvare to help.] 1. (Immunology) A substance added to an immunogenic agent to enhance the production of antibodies. Stedman. [PJC] 2. A substance added to a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Adjuvant — Ad ju*vant, n. 1. An assistant. [R.] Yelverton. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) An ingredient, in a prescription, which aids or modifies the action of the principal ingredient. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adjuvant — adjuvant. См. адъювант. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Adjuvánt — (lat.), Gehilfe, s. Hilfslehrer …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • adjuvant — I adjective accessory, aiding, ancillary, assistant, assisting, auxiliary, cooperative, helpful, helping, ministerial, obliging, serving, subservient, subsidiary II noun acolyte, adjutant, aid, aide de camp, ancillary, assistant, attendant,… …   Law dictionary

  • adjuvant — adjùvant m <G mn nātā> DEFINICIJA 1. v. adjutor 2. a. ono što pomaže da se poboljšaju svojstva čega drugoga (o nekim materijalima, spojevima i sl.) b. onaj koji pomaže djelovanje drugoga (o lijekovima i sl.) ETIMOLOGIJA vidi adjutum …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • adjuvant — adj *auxiliary, contributory, ancillary, accessory, subsidiary, subservient Analogous words: aiding, helping, assisting (see HELP vb): supporting, upholding, backing (see SUPPORT vb): *effective, efficient, efficacious, effectual Antonyms:… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.