adamsite


adamsite
/ad"euhm zuyt'/, n. Chem., Mil.
a yellow irritant smoke, containing a poisonous form of arsenic and used as a harassing agent. Also called phenarsazine chloride, diphenylaminechlorarsine.
[1920-25; named after R. ADAMS; see -ITE1]

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gas
      in chemical warfare, sneeze gas developed by the United States and used during World War I. Adamsite is an arsenical diphenylaminechlorarsine and an odourless crystalline organic compound employed in vaporous form as a lung irritant. It appears as a yellow smoke that irritates eyes, lungs, and mucous membranes and causes sneezing, vomiting, and acute discomfort in the nose, throat, and chest. Eventually severe nausea develops, with headache, general physical weakness, and despondency. The effect usually lasts about 12 hours. The only protection against inhaling the gas is a good mechanical filter.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adamsite — Preferred IUPAC name Dibenzo 1 chloro 1,4 arsenine …   Wikipedia

  • Adamsite-(Y) — (or IMA1999 020) NaY(CO3)2·6H2O is a mineral of sodium, yttrium, carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. It is named after Prof. Frank Dawson Adams, a Canadian geologist. Its Mohs scale rating is 3.External links* [http://www.mindat.org/min 7088.html… …   Wikipedia

  • adamsite — [ad′əmz īt΄] n. a yellow, odorless, crystalline compound, C6H4 (AsCl)(NH)C6H4, developed for use, in a vaporous form, in chemical warfare …   English World dictionary

  • Adamsite — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. L adamsite peut désigner trois substances chimiques différentes l adamsite (Y) Espèce minérale de la famille des carbonates de formule NaY[CO3]2· 6H2O[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • adamsite — A vomiting agent that has been used in military training and in riot control. [Roger Adams, Am. chemist] * * * ad·ams·ite ad əm .zīt n a yellow crystalline arsenical C12H9AsClN used as a respiratory irritant in some forms of tear gas called also …   Medical dictionary

  • adamsite — adamsitas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Kovinė nuodingoji medžiaga. formulė C₆H₄(AsCl)(NH)C₆H₄ atitikmenys: angl. adamsite rus. адамсит ryšiai: sinonimas – 10 chlor 5,10 dihidrofenarsazinas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • adamsite — adamsitas statusas T sritis apsauga nuo naikinimo priemonių apibrėžtis Dirginamoji nuodingoji medžiaga, masinių neramumų malšinimo cheminė medžiaga; žali arba geltoni bekvapiai kristalai; lydymosi temperatūra 195 °C, virimo temperatūra 410 °C.… …   Apsaugos nuo naikinimo priemonių enciklopedinis žodynas

  • adamsite — noun An organic compound, diphenylaminechlorarsine, used as a riot control agent. Syn: DM …   Wiktionary

  • adamsite — ad·ams·ite …   English syllables

  • adamsite — /ˈædəmzaɪt/ (say aduhmzuyt) noun a yellow irritant smoke, containing a form of arsenic that is poisonous, used as a poison gas. Symbol: DM {named after Major Roger Adams, US soldier and chemist, 1889–1971, who invented it. See ite1} …   Australian English dictionary