actinomycete


actinomycete
/ak tin'oh muy"seet, -muy seet", ak'teuh noh-/, n. Bacteriol.
any of several rod-shaped or filamentous, aerobic or anaerobic bacteria of the phylum Chlamydobacteriae, or in some classification schemes, the order Actinomycetales, certain species of which are pathogenic for humans and animals.
[1915-20; prob. through construal of NL Actinomycetes (pl. of ACTINOMYCES) as an E pl. n.; see -MYCETE]

* * *

Any of a group of generally low-oxygen–utilizing bacteria identified by a branching growth pattern that results in large threadlike structures.

The filaments may break apart to form rods or spheroidal shapes. Some actinomycetes can form spores. Many species occur in soil and are harmless to animals and higher plants; others are important disease-causing agents. For diagnostic purposes in human infections, the presence of sulfur granules is used.

* * *

 any member of a heterogeneous group of gram-positive, generally anaerobic bacteria noted for a filamentous and branching growth pattern that results, in most forms, in an extensive colony, or mycelium. The mycelium in some species may break apart to form rod- or coccoid-shaped forms. Many genera also form spores; the sporangia, or spore cases, may be found on aerial hyphae, on the colony surface, or free within the environment. Motility, when present, is conferred by flagella. Many species of actinomycetes occur in soil and are harmless to animals and higher plants, while some are important pathogens, and many others are beneficial sources of antibiotics.

      Many authorities recognize eight different groups of actinomycetes, though these groups are themselves heterogeneous and will require further study to classify fully. Of the specific types of actinomycetes, Nocardia asteroides causes tissue infections in humans, and Dermatophilus congolensis causes dermatophilosis, a severe dermatitis of cattle, sheep, horses, and occasionally humans. Several species of Streptomyces cause the disease actinomycosis in humans and cattle. Many of the actinomycetes are sources of antibiotics (antibiotic) such as streptomycin.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • actinomycète — [ aktinomisɛt ] n. m. • 1922; de actino et mycète ♦ Biol. Bactérie filamenteuse, ramifiée, ressemblant aux champignons microscopiques, que l on trouve dans le sol, l eau et la matière en décomposition. Certains actinomycètes sont pathogènes, d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • actinomycete — [ak΄tə nō΄mī′sēt΄, ak΄tə nō΄mī sēt′] n. [< ModL < ACTINO + MYCETE] any of various bacteria (order Actinomycetales) with a branching, filamentous structure; esp., any of a family (Actinomycetaceae) of Gram positive bacteria that are… …   English World dictionary

  • actinomycete — noun Etymology: ultimately from Greek aktin , aktis + mykēt , mykēs Date: 1911 any of an order (Actinomycetales) of filamentous or rod shaped bacteria (as the actinomyces and streptomyces) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Actinomycete — Actinobacteria Actinomycètes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Actinomycète — Actinobacteria Actinomycètes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Actinomycéte — Actinomycetales Actinomycétales …   Wikipédia en Français

  • actinomycete — (ak tī no mi sĭt) An aerobic, gram positive bacterium that forms branching filaments (hyphae) and asexual spores …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • actinomycete — noun Any of various filamentous or rod shaped bacteria, of the order Actinomycetales, that resemble fungi. Some actinomycetes are pathogens and some are sources of antibiotics …   Wiktionary

  • actinomycete — ac·ti·no·my·cete mī .sēt, mī sēt n a bacterium (as an actinomyces or a streptomyces) of the order Actinomycetales see ACTINOMYCOSIS ac·ti·no·my·ce·tous mī sēt əs adj * * * ac·ti·no·my·cete (ak″tĭ no miґsēt) any bacterium of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • actinomycete — n. any of a number of rod shaped or filamentous bacteria of the order Actinomycetales …   English contemporary dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.