Achinese


Achinese
/ah'cheuh neez", -nees", ach'euh-/, n., pl. Achinese.
Atjehnese.

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One of the main ethnic groups on the island of Sumatra, Indon.

In the 13th century the Achinese became the first people in the archipelago to adopt Islam. After expelling the Portuguese in the 17th century, the sultanate of Acheh was dominant in northern Sumatra until it was conquered by the Dutch in 1904 (see Achinese War). Now part of the Indonesian republic, the Achinese are restive and are administered within a special district. They trace their descent through both maternal and paternal lines. Women have a high social position, and they do not wear veils. The group numbers roughly 2.1 million.

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people
also spelled  Atjehnese,  
      one of the main ethnic groups on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. They were estimated to number roughly 2,100,000 in the late 20th century. They speak a language of the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) family.

      The Achinese were ruled by Indian princes prior to AD 500, and in the 13th century they became the first people in the archipelago to adopt Islām. After expelling the Portuguese in the 17th century, the sultanate of Acheh (now Aceh) was dominant in northern Sumatra until 1904, when the sultanate was conquered by the Dutch. The Achinese, however, were never fully subdued. Although they are now part of the Indonesian republic, they remain restive and are administered within a special district.

      Western influence is evident in the Achinese's public buildings and in the homes of the well-to-do. Otherwise the native type of dwelling prevails, consisting of a three-room structure of wood raised high above the ground on pilings.

      Descent is traced through both the maternal and paternal lines. A married couple goes to live with the bride's family. The position of women is high, and they do not wear veils. Their dress consists of a skirt over trousers, a jacket and scarf, and many ornaments. The man wears a jacket or shoulder cloth and trousers of great width.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Achinese — [ atʃɪni:z] noun (plural same) 1》 a member of a people living in northern Sumatra. 2》 the Indonesian language of the Achinese. adjective relating to the Achinese. Origin from Acheh, Atjeh, a territory in northern Sumatra + n + ese …   English new terms dictionary

  • achinese — ˌachəˈnēz, ˌä , ēs noun (plural achinese) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: by alteration : atjehnese * * * /ah cheuh neez , nees , ach euh /, n., pl. Achinese. Atjehnese …   Useful english dictionary

  • Achinese — n. Atjehnese, member of native Muslim people that lives in furthest north Sumatra n. Austronesian language spoken by the Achinese people …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Achinese — noun A Malayo Polynesian language spoken in Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia …   Wiktionary

  • Achinese — ISO 639 3 Code : ace ISO 639 2/B Code : ace ISO 639 2/T Code : ace ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • achinese — achi·nese …   English syllables

  • Achinese War — (1873–1904) Armed conflict between The Netherlands and the Muslim sultanate of Acheh in northern Sumatra. The Dutch considered the sultanate to be within their northern Sumatran sphere of influence and invaded it. Although the sultan capitulated …   Universalium

  • Achinese War — (1873–1907)    A protracted but low level and sporadic conflict waged by the Muslim population of Acheh in northern Sumatra against Dutch rule. Acheh had been an independent sultanate for four centuries before the subjugation of Sumatra by the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Banda Aceh — ▪ municipality, Indonesia  kotamadya (municipality), capital of Aceh semiautonomous province, Indonesia. It is located on the Aceh River at the northwestern tip of the island of Sumatra, facing the Andaman Sea. (Andaman Sea)       Banda Aceh is… …   Universalium

  • Acehnese people — The Acehnese (also Achinese) a people in Aceh in Indonesia. Their language which is also called Acehnese, belongs to the Western Malayo Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family.Their homeland is located in the northern most tip of… …   Wikipedia