accidental


accidental
accidentally, adv.accidentalness, accidentality, n.
/ak'si den"tl/, adj.
1. happening by chance or accident; not planned; unexpected: an accidental meeting.
2. nonessential; incidental; subsidiary: accidental benefits.
3. Music. relating to or indicating sharps, flats, or naturals.
n.
4. a nonessential or subsidiary circumstance, characteristic, or feature.
5. Music. a sign placed before a note indicating a chromatic alteration of its pitch.
[1350-1400; ME < ML accidentalis. See ACCIDENT, -AL1]
Syn. 1. unintentional, unforeseen. ACCIDENTAL, CASUAL, FORTUITOUS all describe something outside the usual course of events. ACCIDENTAL implies occurring unexpectedly or by chance: an accidental blow. CASUAL describes a passing event of slight importance: a casual reference. FORTUITOUS is applied to events occurring without known cause, often of a fortunate or favorable nature: a fortuitous shower of meteors. It often also implies good luck or good fortune: a fortuitous choice leading to rapid advancement.
Ant. 1. planned, contrived.

* * *

music
      in music, sign placed immediately to the left of (or above) a note to show that the note must be changed in pitch. A sharp (♯) raises a note by a semitone; a flat (♭) lowers it by a semitone; a natural (♮) restores it to the original pitch. Double sharps (×) and double flats (♭♭) indicate that the note is raised or lowered by two semitones. Sharps or flats that are placed at the beginning of a musical staff, called a key signature, indicate the tonality, or key, of the music and are not considered accidentals.

      Accidentals were first applied to the note B, by about the 10th century. To fulfill certain theoretical and aesthetic rules, B was sometimes flatted and, later, F was sometimes sharped. At first there was no sign for a natural; a sharp cancelled a flat, a flat cancelled a sharp. By the late Renaissance, E♭, A♭, and C♯ were fairly common. Accidentals applied to all notes became increasingly common in music of subsequent periods. In common modern practice, an accidental carries through the measure in which it occurs.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Accidental — Ac ci*den tal, a. [Cf. F. accidentel, earlier accidental.] 1. Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking place not according to the usual course of things; casual; fortuitous; as, an accidental visit. [1913 Webster] 2. Nonessential; not… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • accidental — ACCIDENTÁL, Ă, accidentali, e, adj. Întâmplător; incidental. ♦ Secundar, neesenţial. – Din fr. accidentel. Trimis de ana zecheru, 29.07.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  ACCIDENTÁL adj. 1. v. întâmplător. 2. neesenţial, secundar. (Un aspect accidental al… …   Dicționar Român

  • accidental — accidental, casual, fortuitous, contingent, incidental, adventitious. The last five of these words are synonyms of accidental but not always of one another. Accidental denotes simply either happening by chance {an accidental meeting} or not of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • accidental — adjetivo 1. Que no es esencial: asunto accidental, materia accidental. 2. Que ocurre al margen de lo acostumbrado, establecido o previsto: Fue un encuentro accidental, totalmente casual. 3. [Cargo] que tiene carácter provisional o interino:… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Accidental — may mean: * Accidental (music) * Accidental (album) , by Fred Frith * Accidental (biology), see Vagrancy (biology) * Accidental propertyee also* Accident …   Wikipedia

  • accidental — [ak΄sə dent′ l] adj. [ME < LL accidentalis: see ACCIDENT] 1. happening by chance; fortuitous 2. belonging but not essential; attributive; incidental 3. Music of an accidental n. 1. a nonessential quality or feature 2 …   English World dictionary

  • accidental — (Del lat. accidentālis). 1. adj. No esencial. 2. Casual, contingente. 3. Dicho de un cargo: Que se desempeña con carácter provisional. Director, secretario accidental. 4. Dicho de una sociedad: Que se establece sin formalidad jurídica. 5. Rel. Se …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • accidental — I adjective adventitious, casual, chance, coincidental, extrinsic, fortuitous, inadvertent, incidental, indeterminate, undesigned, undetermined, unexpected, unforeseen, unintended, unintentional, unpremeditated, unwitting associated concepts:… …   Law dictionary

  • Accidental — Ac ci*den tal, n. 1. A property which is not essential; a nonessential; anything happening accidentally. [1913 Webster] He conceived it just that accidentals . . . should sink with the substance of the accusation. Fuller. [1913 Webster] 2. pl.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Accidental — (v. lat.), zufällig; Accidentales Einkommen, so v.w. Accidenzien; Accidentales seröses Gewebe, Neubildung seröser, mit Flüssigkeiten gefüllter Kapseln an Stellen, wo durch Reibung u. Druck Schmelzung von Zellgewebszellen u. eine Glättung der sich …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • accidental — [adj] happening unexpectedly adventitious, casual, chance, coincidental, contingent, fluky*, fortuitous, inadvertent, incidental, random, uncalculated, unexpected, unforeseen, unintended, unintentional, unplanned; concepts 530,552 Ant. decided,… …   New thesaurus


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.