- Tolpuddle Martyrs
the name given to six farm workers from the village of Tolpuddle in Dorset, England, when they were found guilty in 1834 of illegal trade union activity. They were punished by being sent to Australia for seven years. There were many protests about this, and in 1836 the decision was changed and they were brought back to England as free men.
* * *▪ English historysix English farm labourers who were sentenced (March 1834) to seven years' transportation to a penal colony in Australia for organizing trade-union activities in the Dorsetshire village of Tolpuddle. Their leaders, George and James Loveless (or Lovelace), had established a lodge of the Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers during the great national wave of trade-union activity in 1833–34.The Whig government, alarmed at the dimensions of working-class discontent, arrested six Tolpuddle labourers—the Loveless brothers, James Brine, Thomas Stanfield and his son John, and James Hammett—ostensibly for administering unlawful oaths but actually for combining to protect their already meagre wages. Convicted and sentenced by a hostile judge and jury, the six men became popular heroes.There was an immediate public reaction in all parts of the country, particularly in London, where there were large-scale demonstrations in which many future Chartist leaders took part. The government largely ignored popular sentiment, and it was not until March 1836 that the sentences were remitted.
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Tolpuddle Martyrs — The Tolpuddle Martyrs were a group of 19th century British labourers who were arrested for and convicted of swearing a secret oath as members of the Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers . The rules of the society show it was clearly… … Wikipedia
Tolpuddle Martyrs — Tol|pud|dle Mar|tyrs a group of six English farm workers who were put in jail for organizing a ↑trade union (=organization that represents workers) in Tolpuddle, Dorset, in 1833 4. The were sent to Australia as criminals, but many people… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Tolpuddle Martyrs — /ˌtɒlpʌdl ˈmatəz/ (say .tolpudl mahtuhz) plural noun a name given to six men from the village of Tolpuddle in Dorset, England, who were transported to Australia in 1834 for unlawfully administering oaths of loyalty to a union which they had… … Australian English dictionary
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the Tolpuddle Martyrs — UK [ˌtɒlpʌd(ə)l ˈmɑː(r)tə(r)z] / US [ˌtɑlpʌd(ə)l ˈmɑrtərz] a group of 19th century English farm workers who formed a trade union (= an organization that represents workers in discussions with employers) and as a result were officially punished by … English dictionary
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