temperance movement


temperance movement
a movement involving organized campaigns by various groups in the US, Britain and some other countries in the 19th century to persuade people to drink little or no alcohol. These groups believed that the effects of alcohol were bad both for individual people and for society in general.

* * *

International social movement dedicated to the control of alcohol consumption through the promotion of moderation and abstinence.

It began as a church-sponsored movement in the U.S. in the early 19th century. It attracted the efforts of many women, and by 1833 there were 6,000 local temperance societies in the U.S. The first European temperance society was formed in Ireland in 1826. An international temperance movement began in Utica, N.Y., U.S., in 1851 and spread to Australia, Asia, Europe, India, South and West Africa, and South America. See also Carry Nation; Prohibition; Woman's Christian Temperance Movement.

* * *

      movement dedicated to promoting moderation and, more often, complete abstinence in the use of intoxicating liquor. Although an abstinence pledge had been introduced by churches as early as 1800, the earliest temperance organizations seem to have been those founded at Saratoga, New York, in 1808 and in Massachusetts in 1813. The movement spread rapidly under the influence of the churches; by 1833 there were 6,000 local societies in several U.S. states. (United States)

 Some temperance advocates, notably Carry Nation (Nation, Carry), worked to great effect outside the organized movement. The earliest European organizations were formed in Ireland; the movement began to make effective progress in 1829 with the formation of the Ulster Temperance Society. Thereafter, the movement spread throughout Ireland, to Scotland, and to Britain. The Church of England Temperance Society, the largest such organization at mid-20th century, was founded in 1862 and reconstituted in 1873. In 1969 it was united with the National Police Court Mission to form the Church of England Council for Social Aid. On the continent, the earliest temperance organizations seem to have been in existence in Norway and Sweden in 1836 and 1837.

 Temperance and abstinence became the objects of education and legislation in many regions. Besides combining moral and political action, the modern temperance movements were characterized by international scope and the organized cooperation of women. The first international temperance organization appears to have been the Order of Good Templars (formed in 1851 at Utica, New York), which gradually spread over the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Scandinavia, several other European countries, Australasia, India, parts of Africa, and South America. In 1909 a world prohibition conference in London resulted in the foundation of an International Prohibition Confederation.

      A U.S. organization that became international was the national Woman's Christian Temperance Union, founded in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1874. The WCTU employed educational and social as well as political means in promoting legislation. During the 1880s the organization spread to other lands, and in 1883 the World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union was formed. See also prohibition.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • temperance movement — A movement in the United States to moderate or eliminate the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. temperance movement A movement in the Uni …   Law dictionary

  • Temperance movement — The Temperance Movement attempted to reduce the amount of alcohol consumed within a community or society in general and even to prohibit its production and consumption entirely. The Woman s Christian Temperance Union is a prominent example of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Temperance movement — Ligue de tempérance Affiche australienne, vers 1906: Ci gît un respectable homme de tempérance, l herbe verte au dessus de sa tête. Aucun homme ne l a jamais vu boire de bière jusqu après sa mort …   Wikipédia en Français

  • temperance movement —  Умеренности движение …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • (the) temperance movement — the temperance movement [the temperance movement] a movement involving organized campaigns by various groups in the US, Britain and other countries in the 19th century to persuade people to drink little or no alcohol. These groups believed that… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Temperance Movements — • Covers the history in Europe, the United States, and Canada Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Temperance Movements     Temperance Movements      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Temperance — *Temperance (virtue), the practice of moderation *Temperance movement, movement to reduce the amount of alcohol consumed *Temperance bar, bars of the temperance movement opposed to alcohol *Temperance (group), Canadian pop dance musical group… …   Wikipedia

  • Temperance (virtue) — Temperance ( Sophrosyne in Greek) is the practice of moderation. It was one of the four cardinal virtues held to be vital to society in Hellenic culture. It is one of the Four Cardinal Virtues considered central to Christian behaviour by the… …   Wikipedia

  • Temperance Towns — were settlements planned, financed, and populated by followers of the temperance movement of the late 1800s.* Prohibition Park, New York (Staten Island), began as a summer colony for temperance followers in Manhattan and was financed by New York… …   Wikipedia

  • Temperance Fountain — The Temperance Fountain is a fountain and statue located in Washington, D.C. donated to the city in 1882 by Henry D. Cogswell, a dentist from San Francisco, California, who was a crusader in the temperance movement. This fountain was one of a… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.