- Short Parliament
the first of two parliaments set up by the English king Charles I in 1640 when he needed the legal power of Parliament to raise money for a war against Scotland. When the MPs refused to support the king he dismissed the parliament. It was replaced later in the same year by the Long Parliament.
* * *▪ British history(April 13–May 5, 1640), parliament summoned by Charles I of England, the first to be summoned for 11 years, since 1629, and the prelude to the Long Parliament. Determined to impose the Anglican liturgy on the Scots, Charles sent an army northward in the first of the so-called Bishops' Wars. The campaign was abortive, and Charles then called a new parliament to grant the subsidies that he desperately needed for a second campaign. Parliament, led by such men as John Pym, balked, citing numerous grievances over the previous decade, including the crown's questionable collection of a tax known as ship money. Moreover, it set May 7 as the date for a debate on the Scottish question, a debate that was apt to lead to a petition against the war. Charles thereupon dissolved Parliament on May 5. The dissolution further weakened Charles's position and strengthened the will of the Scots, who invaded England in the second Bishops' War. The result was the Long Parliament (q.v.).
* * *
См. также в других словарях:
Short Parliament — The Short Parliament (13 April 5 May 1640) of King Charles I is so called because it lasted only three weeks.After eleven years of attempting personal rule, Charles recalled Parliament in 1640, under the advice of Lord Wentworth, recently created … Wikipedia
(the) Short Parliament — the Short Parliament [the Short Parliament] the first of two parliaments set up by the English king ↑Charles I in 1640 when he needed the legal power of Parliament to raise money for a war against Scotland. When the ↑MPs refused to support the… … Useful english dictionary
Parliament of England — c.1300.The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England. Its roots can be traced back to the early medieval period. In a series of developments, it came increasingly to constrain the power of the monarch, and went on after… … Wikipedia
Parliament of the United Kingdom — of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Type Type Bicameral … Wikipedia
Short Money — is the common name given to the annual payment to Opposition parties in the United Kingdom House of Commons to help them with their costs. It is named after Edward Short (now Lord Glenamara), the then Leader of the House of Commons who first… … Wikipedia
Parliament House, Sydney — Parliament House in Sydney is a complex of buildings housing the Parliament of New South Wales, a state of Australia. It is located on the east side of Macquarie Street in Sydney, the state capital. The facade consists of a two storey Georgian… … Wikipedia
Parliament Hotel Dublin (The) (Dublin) — Parliament Hotel Dublin (The) country: Ireland, city: Dublin (City Centre) Parliament Hotel Dublin (The) The Parliament Hotel, Temple Bar is ideally located in the heart of Dublin city centre opposite Dublin Castle. It is just a short walk from… … International hotels
Short rotation coppice — (SRC) is grown as an energy crop. This woody solid biomass can be used in applications such as heating, electric power generating stations, alone or in combination with other fuels. Species used SRC uses high yield varieties of poplar and willow … Wikipedia
SHORT, RENEE — (1916–2003), British politician. The daughter of a Jewish engineer from Eastern Europe, Short was educated at Manchester University and worked as a journalist and stage designer before entering politics. She served as a Labour member of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Parliament Acts — The Parliament Acts are two Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom, passed in 1911 and 1949, that form part of the Constitution of the United Kingdom. [An earlier Act of the Convention Parliament in 1660, entitled An Act for removing and… … Wikipedia