Adwa [äd′wə]town in N Ethiopia: site of Menelik II's defeat of the Italians (1896), which led to recognition of Ethiopian independence: pop. 17,000
* * *Ad·wa (ädʹwə, ădʹ-) also A·du·wa or A·do·wa (äʹdə-wə, ădʹə-)A town of northern Ethiopia south of Asmara, Eritrea. Emperor Menelik II decisively defeated the Italians here in 1896 to secure recognition of Ethiopia's independence. Population: 21,107.
* * *▪ Ethiopiaalso spelled Adowa , Italian Aduatown, northern Ethiopia. Adwa lies on the east-west highway between Aksum and Adi Grat at its junction with the road north to Asmara (Asmera), in Eritrea. Adwa is a market centre (grains, honey, hides, coffee) for the Tigray people. The town is located 10 miles (16 km) west of an area of fantastic volcanic formations. On March 1, 1896, Emperor Menilek II defeated an Italian force there. Nearby are the ruins of Fremona, headquarters for the Portuguese Jesuits who came to Ethiopia in the 16th and 17th centuries. Pop. (1994) 24,519.
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