- National Health Service
(abbr the NHS)
the British public service providing medical care that is paid for mainly by the government. British people have strong feelings about its importance, and it is always one of the top political issues in Britain. The National Health Service was introduced in 1946 by the Labour government as part of the welfare state system recommended in the Beveridge Report, and it came into operation in 1948. At first it provided free medical, dental and hospital services for everyone, but in the 1960s charges for medicines and dental services were introduced. Since then the cost of the NHS has continued to rise and governments have been forced to find new ways of paying for it. The Conservative government under Margaret Thatcher was accused of trying to privatize (= sell to private owners) the NHS after introducing hospital trusts and ‘fundholding’ (= a system allowing doctors to control how they spend their funds), and encouraging the growth of private medical services and private medical insurance. There are now fewer NHS dentists, but doctors and hospitals are still free of charge. See also private patient.
* * *▪ British agencyin Great Britain, a comprehensive public-health service under government administration, established by the National Health Service Act of 1946 and subsequent legislation. Virtually the entire population is covered, and health services are free except for certain minor charges.The services provided are administered in three separate groups: general practitioner and dental services, hospital and specialist services, and local health authority services. General practitioners or family (family practice) physicians give primary medical care to a group of persons who register with them. These doctors and dentists operate their own practices but are paid by the government on a per capita basis (i.e., according to the number of people registered with them). Their services are organized locally by an executive council. Physicians are free to contract in or out of the service and may have private patients while within the scheme. hospital and specialist services are provided by professionals on government salaries working in government-owned hospitals and other facilities that are under the direction of regional authorities called hospital boards. Local health authority services provide maternity and child welfare, posthospital care, home nursing, immunization, ambulance service, and various other preventive and educational services. They may also operate family-planning clinics, as well as day nurseries for children.The National Health Service is financed primarily by general taxes, with smaller contributions coming from local taxes, payroll contributions, and patient fees. The service has managed to provide generally high levels of health care while keeping costs relatively low, but the system has come under increasing financial strain because the growth of medical technology has tended to make hospital stays progressively more expensive.
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National Health Service — noun In Britain, the system under which medical, dental, etc treatment is available free, or at a nominal charge, to all, paid for out of public taxation • • • Main Entry: ↑nation * * * noun the National Health Service : the public system of… … Useful english dictionary
National Health Service — National Health .Service n the National Health Service the NHS the state system for providing health care in Britain, paid for by taxes … Dictionary of contemporary English
National Health Service — n a government organization in Great Britain that provides at public expense all hospital, medical, dental, and related supportive or ancillary services and appliances and prescription drugs … Medical dictionary
National Health Service — For other uses, see NHS#Healthcare. The National Health Service (NHS) is the shared name of three of the four publicly funded healthcare systems in the United Kingdom. They provide a comprehensive range of health services, the vast majority of… … Wikipedia
National Health Service — Logo des NHS (England) Eingang eines Krankenhauses des NHS … Deutsch Wikipedia
National Health Service — N PROPER: the N In Britain, the National Health Service is the state system for providing medical care. It is paid for by taxes. An increasing number of these treatments are now available on the National Health Service … English dictionary
National Health Service — El National Health Service (NHS, en español Servicio Nacional de Salud) es el organismo financiado públicamente de salud pública, encargado de las prestaciones de medicina preventiva y curativa de la mayoría de la población del Reino Unido.… … Wikipedia Español
National Health Service — Le National Health Service (NHS) est le système de santé public du Royaume Uni. Cette organisation fournit l essentiel des soins depuis la médecine générale aux salles d urgence des hôpitaux, les soins longue durée aux soins dentaires. Il a été… … Wikipédia en Français
National Health Service — (NHS) The publicly funded system of health provision which provides the majority of medical assistance in the UK. Established by Labour in 1948, the NHS was for many years widely regarded as one of the most effective and comprehensive system… … Glossary of UK Government and Politics
National Health Service — (in Britain) a comprehensive service offering therapeutic and preventive medical and surgical care, including the prescription and dispensing of medicines, spectacles, and medical and dental appliances. Exchequer funds pay for the services of… … Medical dictionary