Eleanor of Castile


Eleanor of Castile
(c. 1245–90)
the Spanish wife of King Edward I of England. When she died, the king placed nine crosses along the route of her funeral procession, and three still survive at Northampton, Geddington and Waltham Cross. Another was at Charing Cross in London.

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born 1246
died Nov. 28, 1290, Harby, Nottinghamshire, Eng.

Queen consort of Edward I of England.

Daughter of the king of Castile, she brought Edward title to Gascony on their marriage in 1254, and she was sent to France for safety during the baronial rebellion (1264–65). She joined Edward on a crusade to the Holy Land (1270–73), and legend says she saved his life by sucking poison from a dagger wound. On her death, Edward erected Eleanor Crosses at each place where her coffin rested en route to London.

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▪ queen of England
Spanish  Leonor De Castilla  
born 1246
died Nov. 28, 1290, Harby, Nottinghamshire, Eng.
 queen consort of King Edward I of England (ruled 1272–1307). Her devotion to Edward helped bring out his better qualities; after her death, his rule became somewhat arbitrary. Eleanor was the daughter of King Ferdinand III of Castile and his wife, Joan of Ponthieu.

      In 1254 Eleanor was married to Lord Edward, son of England's King Henry III. In honour of the event, her half brother, Alfonso X of Castile, transferred to Edward his claims to Gascony. When Henry III's baronial opponents seized power in England in 1264, Eleanor was sent for safety to France; she returned in October 1265, after Edward had crushed the rebels.

      Eleanor accompanied Edward on a crusade from 1270 to 1273. The story that she saved his life at Acre (now in Israel) by sucking poison from a dagger wound is evidently apocryphal. After Edward ascended the throne, Eleanor was criticized for allegedly mistreating the tenants on her lands. Upon her death, Edward erected the famous Eleanor Crosses—several of which still stand—at each place where her coffin rested on its way to London.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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