Channel Tunnel


Channel Tunnel
(also infml the Chunnel)
a rail tunnel under the English Channel between England and France. There have been proposals for a tunnel since the 19th century, but political and practical problems prevented any progress being made until the 1980s. It was opened in 1994 and is managed by Eurotunnel, which also operates a train service through the tunnel for cars and trucks. Other trains using the tunnel include the Eurostar passenger trains and various freight trains:

Cross-Channel ferry prices are lower than ever, thanks to competition from the Channel Tunnel.

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or Eurotunnel

Rail tunnel that runs beneath the English Channel between Folkestone, England, and Sangatte (near Calais), France.

A rail tunnel was chosen over proposals for a very long suspension bridge, a bridge-and-tunnel link, and a combined rail-and-road link. The 31-mi (50-km) tunnel, which opened in 1994, consists of three separate tunnels, two for rail traffic and a central tunnel for services and security. Trains, which carry motor vehicles as well as passengers, can travel through the tunnel at speeds as high as 100 mph (160 kph).

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also called  Eurotunnel 
 rail tunnel between England and France that runs beneath the English Channel. The Channel Tunnel, 31 miles (50 km) long, consists of three tunnels: two for rail traffic and a central tunnel for services and security. The tunnel runs between Folkestone, Eng., and Sangatte (near Calais), France, and is used for both freight and passenger traffic. Passengers can travel either by ordinary rail coach or within their own motor vehicles, which are loaded onto special rail cars. Trains can travel through the tunnel at speeds as high as 100 miles (160 km) per hour; the trip takes about 35 minutes.

      The often-considered idea of constructing a tunnel under the English Channel was revived in 1986 by the United Kingdom and France. A rail tunnel was chosen over proposals for a very long suspension bridge, a bridge-and-tunnel link, and a combined rail-and-road link, and the project was privately financed by a consortium of British and French corporations and banks; the Anglo-French company operating the tunnel is called Eurotunnel. Digging began on both sides of the Strait of Dover in 1987–88 and was completed in 1991. The tunnel was officially opened on May 6, 1994.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Channel Tunnel — Channel Tun|nel the Channel Tunnel a railway ↑tunnel which runs under the English Channel, connecting England and France …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Channel Tunnel — noun the railroad tunnel between France and England under the English Channel • Syn: ↑chunnel • Instance Hypernyms: ↑railroad tunnel …   Useful english dictionary

  • Channel Tunnel — noun The man made tunnel under the English Channel joining England and France. Syn: Chunnel, Eurotunnel …   Wiktionary

  • Channel Tunnel — /ˈtʃænəl ˌtʌnəl/ (say chanuhl .tunuhl) noun a tunnel for road and rail traffic beneath the English Channel, linking France and England, opened in 1994. Also, Eurotunnel …   Australian English dictionary

  • Channel Tunnel —    see Nicholas Grimshaw and Partners …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Channel Tunnel Act 1987 — Parliament of the United Kingdom Long title An Act to provide for the construction and operation of a railway tunnel system under the English Channel, together with associated works; to provide for connected improvements in th …   Wikipedia

  • Channel Tunnel fire — may refer to one of three fires which have occurred in the Channel Tunnel since its opening in 1994. All were caused by lorries carried on the heavy goods vehicle trains. 1996 Channel Tunnel fire, a fire which burned for over seven hours on 18… …   Wikipedia


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