ster-


ster-
I. ster-1
Stiff.
Derivatives include stare, starch, stork, starve, and torpedo.
I. O-grade form *stor-.
1. Suffixed form *stor-ē-. stare, from Old English starian, to stare, from Germanic *starēn.
2. Extended form *stor-g-.
a. stark, from Old English stearc, hard, severe, from Germanic *starkaz;
b. starch, from Old English *stercan, to stiffen, from Germanic denominative *starkjan.
II. Full-grade form *ster-.
1. stern1, from Old English stierne, styrne, firm, from Germanic *sternjaz.
2. Suffixed form *ster-ewo-. stere, stereo-; cholesterol, from Greek stereos, solid.
3. Lengthened-grade form *stēr-. sterigma, from Greek stērizein, to support.
III. Zero-grade form *str̥-.
1. Extended form *str̥g-. stork, from Old English storc, stork (probably from the stiff movements of the bird), from Germanic *sturkaz.
2. strut, from Old English strūtian, to stand out stiffly, from Germanic *strūt-.
IV. Extended form *sterd-.
1. redstart, stark-naked, from Old English steort, tail, from Germanic *stertaz.
2.
a. start, from Old English *styrtan, to leap up (< “move briskly, move stiffly”);
b. startle, from Old English steartlian, to kick, struggle. Both a and b from Germanic *stert-.
V. Extended form *sterbh-. starve, from Old English steorfan, to die (< “become rigid”), from Germanic *sterban.
VI. Extended form *(s)terp- in suffixed (stative) zero-grade form *tr̥p-ē-. torpedo, torpid, torpor, from Latin torpēre, to be stiff.
 
[Pokorny 1. (s)ter- 1022.]
  II. ster-2
Also sterə-. To spread.
Derivatives include destroy, industry, straw, street, and stratagem.
I. Extended form *streu-.
1. strain2, from Old English strēon, something gained, offspring, from Germanic suffixed form *streu-nam.
2. structure; construct, destroy, instruct, instrument, obstruct, substruction, from Latin struere, to pile up, construct.
3. Zero-grade form *stru-. industry, from Latin industrius, diligent, from Archaic Latin indostruus (endo-, within; see en).
4. bremsstrahlung, from Old High German strāla, arrow, lightning bolt, from Germanic *strēlō.
II. O-grade extended form *strou-.
1. Suffixed form *strou-eyo-.
a. strew, from Old English strē(o)wian, to strew;
b. streusel, from Old High German strouwen, strowwen, to sprinkle, strew. Both a and b from Germanic *strawjan.
2. Suffixed form *strow-o-. straw, from Old English strēaw, straw, from Germanic *strawam, “that which is scattered.”
III. O-grade extended form *stroi-. perestroika, from Old Russian strojĭ, order.
IV. Basic forms *ster-, *sterə-.
1. Nasalized form *ster-n-ə-. estray, stratus, stray, street; consternate, prostrate, substratum, from Latin sternere (past participle strātus from zero-grade *str̥ə-to-), to stretch, extend.
2. Suffixed form *ster-no-. sternum; sternocleidomastoid, from Greek sternon, breast, breastbone.
V. Zero-grade form *str̥-, *str̥ə-.
1. Suffixed form *str̥-to-. stratagem; stratocracy, from Greek stratos, multitude, army, expedition.
2. Suffixed form *str̥ə-to-. strath, from Old Irish srath, a wide river valley, from Celtic *s(t)rato-.
3. Suffixed extended form *str̥ə-mn̥. stroma; stromatolite, from Greek strōma, mattress, bed.
 
[Pokorny 5. ster- 1029.]
  III. ster-3
Star. Oldest form *ə₂ster-.
1. Suffixed form *ster-s-. star, from Old English steorra, star, from Germanic *sterzōn-.
2. Suffixed form *stēr-lā-. stellar, stellate; constellation, from Latin stēlla, star.
3. Basic form *əster-. aster, asteriated, asterisk, asterism, asteroid, astral, astro-; astraphobia, disaster, from Greek astēr, star, with its derivative astron, star, and possible compound astrapē, asteropē, lightning, twinkling (< “looking like a star” ōps, op-, eye, appearance; see okʷ-).
4. Esther1, perhaps from Persian sitareh, star, from Iranian stem *stā̆r- (or perhaps of Semitic origin; see ʿṯtr in Appendix II).
 
[Pokorny 2. stē̆r- 1027.]

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ster — ster; ster·co·bi·lin; ster·co·bi·lin·o·gen; ster·co·ra·ceous; ster·co·ral; ster·co·ra·nism; ster·co·ra·nist; ster·co·ra·rii·dae; ster·co·rary; ster·co·ra·tion; ster·co·ric·o·lous; ster·co·rite; ster·cov·o·rous; ster·cu·lia; ster·cu·li·a·ce·ae;… …   English syllables

  • ster — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. sterze {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} element konstrukcyjny statku wodnego lub powietrznego, służący do nadawania mu pożądanego kierunku : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Ster statku, okrętu. Ster samolotu, szybowca. {{/stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • ster — STER, steri, s.m. Unitate de măsură pentru volume egală cu un metru cub, întrebuinţată la măsurarea lemnelor aşezate în stive. – Din fr. stère. Trimis de claudia, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  ster s. m., pl. steri; simb. st Trimis de siveco, 10.08 …   Dicționar Român

  • ster-4 —     ster 4     English meaning: line, stripe, ray     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘streifen, Strich, Strähne, Strahl”; “about etwas hinwegstreifen, streichen”     Note: also sterǝ : strē , strei , streu ; with g, b, dh (or t ) extended; identical with… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • ster- Ⅰ — *ster germ., Verb: nhd. ausbreiten; ne. spread (Verb); Etymologie: idg. *ster (5), *sterə , *strē , *sterh₃ , Verb, breiten, streuen, Pokorny 1029; Literatur …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • ster- Ⅱ — *ster germ.?, Verb: nhd. steif sein ( Verb); ne. be (Verb) stiff; Etymologie: idg. *ster (1), *ter (7), *sterə , *terə , *strē , *trē , *s …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • ster-6 —     ster 6     English meaning: sterile     Deutsche Übersetzung: “unfruchtbar”     Note: old Sonderanwendung from ster “ stiff “     Material: O.Ind. starī f. “unfruchtbare cow”; Arm. sterj “unfruchtbar, from animals”, also sterd (*ster dh o ,… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • -ster — [OE. & AS. estre, istre.] A suffix denoting the agent (originally a woman), especially a person who does something with skill or as an occupation; as in spinster (originally, a woman who spins), songster, baxter (= bakester), youngster. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sterþja- — *sterþja , *sterþjaz germ., Adjektiv: Verweis: s. *sterdja s. sterdja ; …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Ster — Ster, der; s, Plural e und s <griechisch> (ein Raummaß für Holz); 3 Ster …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • ster-3 —     ster 3     English meaning: to rob, steal     Deutsche Übersetzung: “rauben, stehlen”     Material: Gk. στερέω (Att. στερίσκω only present) “rob”, στέρομαι “bin stolen; looted, miss”; M.Ir. serb “ theft “ (*ster u̯ü); with l instead of r… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary