magnetic force

magnetic force
n.
the repelling or attracting force between a magnet and a ferromagnetic material, between a magnet and a current-carrying conductor, etc.

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Attraction or repulsion that arises between electrically charged particles that are in motion.

While only electric forces exist among stationary electric charges, both electric and magnetic forces exist among moving electric charges. The magnetic force between two moving charges is the force exerted on one charge by a magnetic field created by the other. This force is zero if the second charge is traveling in the direction of the magnetic field due to the first and is greatest if it travels at right angles to the magnetic field. Magnetic force is responsible for the action of electric motors and the attraction between magnets and iron.

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attraction or repulsion that arises between electrically charged (electric charge) particles because of their motion; the basic force responsible for the action of electric motors and the attraction of magnets (magnet) for iron. Electric forces exist among stationary electric charges; both electric and magnetic forces exist among moving electric charges. The magnetic force between two moving charges may be described as the effect exerted upon either charge by a magnetic field created by the other.

From this point of view, the magnetic force F on the second particle is proportional to its charge q2, the magnitude of its velocity v2, the magnitude of the magnetic field B1 produced by the first moving charge, and the sine of the angle theta, θ, between the path of the second particle and the direction of the magnetic field; that is, F = q2B1v2 sin θ. The force is zero if the second charge is travelling in the direction of the magnetic field and is greatest if it travels at right angles to the magnetic field.

The magnetic force on a moving charge is exerted in a direction at a right angle to the plane formed by the direction of its velocity and the direction of the surrounding magnetic field.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

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