Mafikeng [mäf′ə kiŋ]
city in N South Africa, near the border of Botswana: scene of famous siege of British garrison by the Boers, lasting 217 days: pop. 6,500

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formerly  (until 1980) Mafeking,  

      town, capital of North-West province, South Africa. It was previously part of the not internationally recognized republic of Bophuthatswana, in one of that country's separated land units. It lies close to the Botswana border, about 150 miles (240 km) west of Johannesburg. Before 1980 Mafikeng was administratively within Cape Province, South Africa.

      Founded in 1885 as a British military outpost, its garrison under Colonel Robert (later Lord) Baden-Powell was besieged by Boers from Oct. 12, 1899, to May 17, 1900, during the South African War; its fate excited the liveliest sympathy in England, and jubilation in London on the news of its relief led to the coining of the word “maffick.” The restored fort is a national monument of South Africa. Until 1965, Mafikeng, whose name is derived from the Tswana word meaning “place of stones,” was the extraterritorial headquarters of the British protectorate of Bechuanaland (now Botswana). The town is a major employer for the region, and Mmabatho, the former capital of Bophuthatswana, adjoins it on the west. Surrounded by prosperous cattle country, Mafikeng is a trade centre and supports dairy industries. Its workshops make it an important stop on the Cape Town-to-Zimbabwe railway, and a spur line connects the town to Johannesburg. Pop. (2001) mun., 259,484.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Mafikeng —   Provincial Capital City   Mahikeng …   Wikipedia

  • Mafikeng — Mafikeng …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mafikeng —   [ mæfɪkɪȖ], bis 1980 Mafeking, seit 1997, nach Zusammenschluss mit Mmabatho, Hauptstadt der Provinz Nord West, Republik Südafrika, 1 280 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 25 000 Einwohner; Universität (gegründet 1979); liegt in einem …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mafikeng — [mäf′ə kiŋ] city in N South Africa, near the border of Botswana: scene of famous siege of British garrison by the Boers, lasting 217 days: pop. 6,500 …   English World dictionary

  • Mafikeng — 25° 51′ 00″ S 25° 38′ 00″ E / 25.85, 25.6333 Mafikeng (anciennement a …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mafikeng — Mafeking es la capital de la Provincia del Noroeste, Sudáfrica, situada 1.400 kilómetros al noreste de Ciudad del Cabo, a 790 km al sur suroeste de Bulawayo por tren, y a 260 km en línea directa de Johannesburg. En el año 2001 registraba una… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mafikeng — geographical name town N Republic of South Africa in North West province population 6515 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mafikeng — n. capital city of the North West province in South Africa …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Mafikeng — Maf•i•keng or Maf•e•king [[t]ˈmæf ɪˌkɪŋ[/t]] n. geg a town in N Republic of South Africa: besieged by Boers for 217 days in 1899–1900. 6500 …   From formal English to slang

  • Mafikeng — /ˈmæfəkɛŋ/ (say mafuhkeng) noun a town in southern South Africa; until 1965, administrative headquarters of the British Protectorate of Bechuanaland; now capital of North West province; besieged for 217 days by the Boers 1899–1900. Formerly… …   Australian-English dictionary

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