Kerguelen Islands


Kerguelen Islands
Kerguelen Islands [kʉr′gə lən]
group of French islands in the S Indian Ocean, consisting of one large island & over 200 small ones: 2,786 sq mi (7,216 sq km)

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Archipelago, southern Indian Ocean.

It consists of the island of Kerguelen (also called Desolation Island) and about 300 islets, which together cover about 2,400 sq mi (6,200 sq km). Kerguelen Island, about 100 mi (160 km) long, has active glaciers and peaks up to 6,445 ft (1,965 m) high. Discovered in 1772 by the French navigator Yves-Joseph de Kerguélen-Trémarec, the archipelago was annexed to France in 1893 and became part of the French Southern and Antarctic Territories in 1955. Port-aux-Français is a scientific base on the main island.

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▪ islands, Indian Ocean
      archipelago in the southern Indian Ocean. Administratively a part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises), it consists of the island of Kerguelen (also known as Desolation Island) and nearly 300 islets, which together cover about 2,400 square miles (6,200 square km). Heavily glaciated Kerguelen Island, about 100 miles (160 km) in length, has active glaciers and peaks up to 6,445 feet (1,965 m) above sea level.

      Discovered in 1772 by the French navigator Yves-Joseph de Kerguélen-Trémarec and later explored by the British explorer Captain James Cook (Cook, James), the archipelago was often frequented by whalers and seal hunters. In 1950 a permanent base and scientific centre, Port-aux-Français, was established on the main island. Pop. (1987 est.) Port-aux-Français, 75.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kerguelen Islands — [kʉr′gə lən] group of French islands in the S Indian Ocean, consisting of one large island & over 200 small ones: 2,786 sq mi (7,216 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Kerguelen Islands — Infobox Country native name = Archipel des Kerguelen conventional long name = Kerguelen Islands common name = Kerguelen Islands symbol type = Coat of arms national motto = national anthem = map caption = map caption2 = Map of Kerguelen Island… …   Wikipedia

  • Kerguelen Islands —  Group of islands in the southern Indian Ocean …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Kerguelen Islands — geographical name archipelago S Indian Ocean belonging to France area 2394 square miles (6200 square kilometers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kerguelen Islands — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Flora and fauna of the Kerguelen Islands — FaunaThe Kerguelen Islands are located at the Antarctic convergence, where cold water moving up from the Antarctic mixes with the warmer water of the Indian Ocean. As a consequence, marine mammals and seabirds are numerous.MammalsSeals and fur… …   Wikipedia

  • Kerguelen — Islas Kerguelen (Îles Kerguelen) Vista de satélite de las islas Kerguelen. Localización geográfica / administrativa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Islands administered by France in the Indian and Pacific oceans — Indian Ocean Islands= The following islands are in the Indian Ocean*Réunion ( fr. La Réunion) (Overseas department and region) *Mayotte ( fr. Mayotte) (Overseas collectivity entitled departmental collectivity ) *French Southern and Antarctic… …   Wikipedia

  • Kerguelen Plateau — The Kerguelen Plateau (IPAEng|kɚˈɡeɪlən, ˈkɝɡələn [OED] ) is an underwater volcanic large igneous province (LIP) in the Indian Ocean. It lies about 3,000 km to the southwest of Australia and is nearly three times the size of Japan. The plateau… …   Wikipedia

  • Kerguelen Tern — Taxobox name = Kerguelen Tern status = NT | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Charadriiformes familia = Sternidae genus = Sterna species = S. virgata binomial = Sterna virgata binomial authority =… …   Wikipedia


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