gaultheria


gaultheria
gaultheria [gôl thir′ē ə]
n.
ModL, after M. Gaulthier, 18th-c. Cdn physician
any of a large genus (Gaultheria) of evergreen shrubs of the heath family, including various wintergreens and the salal

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▪ plant genus
 genus of 235 species of upright or prostrate evergreen shrubs, of the heath family (Ericaceae), occurring in North and South America, Asia, Malesia, Australia, and New Zealand. The plants are distinguished by usually alternate, ovate leaves, white or pink flowers, and round fruit that contains numerous minute seeds. Most plants have dry fruits, but these are completely surrounded by the sepals, which are fleshy and white or pink. A few species, previously placed in the genus Pernettya, have berries. G. shallon, the salal or lemonleaf of florists, is a slender, diffuse shrub of the California redwood forests; it grows 0.3–1.8 metres (1–6 feet) tall and has dark-purple edible fruits. G. procumbens, commonly known as checkerberry, teaberry, or wintergreen, is a creeping shrub with white, bell-shaped flowers, spicy red fruits, and shiny, aromatic leaves. G. hispidula, or creeping snowberry, is a mat-forming evergreen with small, pointed leaves that give a spicy odour when crushed.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gaultheria — Gaultheria …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gaultheria — Gaul*the ri*a, n. [NL.] (Bot.) A genus of ericaceous shrubs with evergreen foliage, and, often, edible berries. It includes the American winter green ({Gaultheria procumbens}), and the larger fruited {salal} of Northwestern America ({Gaultheria… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gaultheria — ● gaultheria nom masculin ou gaulthérie nom féminin (de Gaulther, nom propre) Arbrisseau toujours vert, de la famille des éricacées, dont les feuilles fournissent l essence de Wintergreen, antiseptique et antirhumatismale. gaulthérie [golteʀi] ou …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gaultheria — [gôl thir′ē ə] n. [ModL, after M. Gaulthier, 18th c. Cdn physician] any of a large genus (Gaultheria) of evergreen shrubs of the heath family, including various wintergreens and the salal …   English World dictionary

  • Gaultherĭa — (Gaulthiera Kaln.), Pflanzengattung nach Gaulthier (Botaniker u. Arzt in Quebeck) benannt, aus der Familie der Ericaceae Ericineae Euericeae, 10. Kl. 1. Ordn. L.; Arten: G. odorata, immergrüner Beerenstrauch, in Caracas, u. G. schallon, in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gaultherĭa — Kalm. (Scheinbeere, Teeheide), Gattung der Erikazeen, aufrechte oder niedergestreckte, selten kriechende immergrüne Sträucher und Halbsträucher mit rundlich herzförmigen, breit lanzettförmigen, spitzen Blättern, auf deren Unterseite neben und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gaultheria — Gaultherĭa, Teebeerenstrauch, Pflanzengattg. der Erikazeen, amerik. meist immergrüne Sträucher. G. procumbens L. liefert in den lederartig derben Blättern den Berg , Kanada oder Labradortee, ein Surrogat des chines. Tees, und das ätherische,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gaultheria —   [nach dem kanadischen Arzt und Naturforscher Jean François Gaulthier, * 1708, ✝ 1756] die, /...ri|en, Scheinbeere, Gattung der Heidekrautgewächse mit rd. 150 Arten besonders auf der Südhalbkugel, auf der Nordhalbkugel in Nordamerika, Japan und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gaultheria — Scheinbeeren Shallon Scheinbeere (Gaultheria shallon) Systematik Klasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gaultheria —   Gaultheria …   Wikipedia Español