Bejaïa


Bejaïa
Bejaïa [bə jī′ə]
seaport in NE Algeria, on the Mediterranean: pop. 115,000

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      town, Mediterranean port, northeastern Algeria. The town lies at the mouth of the Wadi Soummam. Sheltered by Mount Gouraya (2,165 feet [660 m]) and Cape Carbon, it receives an annual average rainfall of 40 inches (1,000 mm) and is surrounded by a fertile plain. The older town, built on the mountain slope, descends to the French-built sector spread along the road to Algiers and containing the business and industrial quarters.

      Ruins remain of the small Roman veterans' town of Saldae and of the successive Berber settlement of the Bejaïa tribe, which gained importance as a fortified Ḥammādid capital in 1067. During the Middle Ages, Bougie was a pirate stronghold and was contested by various powers. It traded with Europe and introduced the wax candle (French: bougie). The Spanish occupation (1510–55), the town's subsequent capture by the Turks, and the predominance of Algiers relegated the port to minor importance until the French occupation (1833) and the improvement of its harbour (1905–09).

      Bejaïa is a busy market town for the Kabylie area and exports minerals (iron ore, phosphates), foodstuffs (olive oil, wine), and cork. After 1959, with the arrival of the oil pipeline from Hassi Messaoud, it became a leading port for the shipment of Saharan oil. Pop. (2004 est.) 173,300.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Bejaïa —   [beʒa ja], bis 1963 Bougie [bu ʒi], Hafenstadt in Algerien, an einer Bucht (»Golf von Bejaïa«) des Mittelmeers, 118 200 Einwohner;   Wirtschaft:   Erdölraffinerie (Erdöl und Erdgasleitungen aus der algerischen Sahara), vielseitige Industrie;  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bejaia — (anc. Bougie) v. d Algérie, sur le golfe de Bejaia à l embouchure de la Soummam; 120 100 hab.; ch. l. de la wilaya du m. nom. Port pétrolier, relié par un oléoduc à Hassi Messaoud. Raffinerie. En 1091, les Hammanides en firent leur capitale et la …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bejaïa — [bə jī′ə] seaport in NE Algeria, on the Mediterranean: pop. 115,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Bejaia — ‏بجاية,Bugia‎ Bejaia, Vgaiet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Béjaïa — Infobox City official name = Béjaïa nickname = Bougie image mapsize = 175px map caption = Location of Béjaïa within Algeria subdivision type = Country subdivision type1 = Province subdivision name1 = Béjaïa Province subdivision name = Algeria… …   Wikipedia

  • Béjaïa — Mit Blick auf Bejaia Bejaia (auch: Béjaïa; frz. Bougie; arabisch ‏بجاية‎, Bidschāya, kabylisch Bgayet) ist eine Hafenstadt am Mittelmeer in der gleichnamigen Provinz im Nordosten Algeriens. Die Stadt Bejaia gilt als die Hauptstadt der kleinen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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