- aerospace medicine
* * *Branch of medicine, pioneered by Paul Bert, dealing with atmospheric flight (aviation medicine) and space flight (space medicine).Intensive preflight simulator training and attention to design of equipment and spacecraft promote the safety and effectiveness of humans exposed to the stresses of flight and can prevent some problems. The world's first unit for space research was established in the U.S. in 1948. Physicians trained in aerospace medicine are known as flight surgeons.
* * *specialized branch of medical science concerned with those medical problems encountered in human flight in the atmosphere (aviation medicine) and beyond the atmosphere (space medicine).The ultimate aim of this specialty is to promote the safety and effectiveness of humans while they are exposed to the stresses (stress) of aerospace flight, such as extreme temperatures, low atmospheric pressure, radiation, noise, vibrations, oxygen deprivation, and the strong forces of acceleration and deceleration. Other hazards of space flight include weightlessness, motion sickness, pilot fatigue, discomfort from hunger or sleepiness due to the absence of the Earth's day-and-night cycle, and psychological disturbances caused by confinement and isolation. These problems, however, are generally prevented by intensive preflight training in high-powered simulators and by careful design of equipment and spacecraft.The 19th-century French physiologist Paul Bert (Bert, Paul) is generally regarded as the father of modern aviation medicine. His classic observations of the effects of both high and low air pressure on balloonists were used extensively beginning in World War II and prompted a broad and vigorous program of research. In 1948 the first unit for space research in the world was established in the United States, and as major technological advances were made in space flight, space medicine became recognized as an important medical specialty.Specialists in civil and military aerospace medicine establish and apply appropriate medical standards for the certification and selection of pilots and other flight personnel to assure that they have no physical limitations or medical conditions that could impair their performance. Physicians who are trained in aerospace medicine are known as flight surgeons.Aerospace medical specialists plan and help to carry out flight-crew training in first aid and in the prevention of illness and injuries among passengers; they also assist in training paramedical personnel in the aerial transportation of patients. Such specialists also apply the principles of preventive medicine to avert the spread of disease by air travel. In addition, they conduct postflight medical evaluations of astronauts to identify any adverse effects of space (space exploration) flight on the body. During space flight, they monitor physiologic responses of astronauts and advise them on the management of in-flight medical problems. Beyond the scope of clinical medicine, they often help to develop the vehicles, emergency systems, and protective equipment for manned aerospace flight.
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Look at other dictionaries:
aerospace medicine — n. AVIATION MEDICINE … English World dictionary
Aerospace Medicine — [ eərəʊspeɪs medsɪn, englisch], die Raumfahrtmedizin … Universal-Lexikon
aerospace medicine — aero·space medicine ar ō .spās , er n a medical specialty concerned with the health and medical problems of flight personnel both in the earth s atmosphere and in space … Medical dictionary
aerospace medicine — noun the study and treatment of disorders associated with flight (especially with space flight) • Syn: ↑aeromedicine, ↑aviation medicine • Derivationally related forms: ↑aeromedical (for: ↑aeromedicine) • Hyp … Useful english dictionary
aerospace medicine — aviation medicine, aeromedicine, branch of medicine that deals with diseases and physical disturbances resulting from flying (specifically with space flight) and their treatment … English contemporary dictionary
Museum of Aerospace Medicine — The Edward H. White II Museum of Aerospace Medicine is a museum of the United States Air Force and is located at Brooks City Base, San Antonio, Texas. The Bexar County Historical Survey Committee assumed sponsorship of the restoration of an… … Wikipedia
medicine — 1. A drug. 2. The art of preventing or curing disease; the science concerned with disease in all its relations. 3. The study and treatment of general diseases or those affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those not usually… … Medical dictionary
Aerospace Medical Association — The Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA) is the largest professional organization in the fields of aviation, space, and environmental medicine. The AsMA membership includes aerospace and hyperbaric medicine specialists, scientists, flight nurses … Wikipedia
medicine — /med euh sin/ or, esp. Brit., /med seuhn/, n., v., medicined, medicining. n. 1. any substance or substances used in treating disease or illness; medicament; remedy. 2. the art or science of restoring or preserving health or due physical condition … Universalium
aerospace — I. noun Date: circa 1958 1. space comprising the earth s atmosphere and the space beyond 2. a physical science that deals with aerospace 3. the aerospace industry II. adjective Date: 1958 of or relating to aerospace, to vehicles used in aerospace … New Collegiate Dictionary