adrenocorticotropic hormone


adrenocorticotropic hormone
n.

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(ACTH),also called  Corticotropin,  

      a polypeptide hormone formed in the pituitary gland that regulates the activity of the outer region (cortex) of the adrenal glands. In mammals the action of ACTH is limited to those areas of the adrenal cortex in which the glucocorticoid hormones—cortisol and corticosterone (see corticoid)—are formed. The secretion of ACTH by the pituitary is itself regulated by another polypeptide, a so-called corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), that is discharged from the hypothalamus in response to impulses transmitted by the nervous system.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • adrenocorticotropic hormone — or adrenocorticotrophic hormone n ACTH * * * (ACTH) corticotropin …   Medical dictionary

  • adrenocorticotropic hormone — adrenocorticotropic hormone. См. кортикотропин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • adrenocorticotropic hormone — n. ACTH …   English World dictionary

  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone — proopiomelanocortin (adrenocorticotropin/ beta lipotropin/ alpha melanocyte stimulating hormone/ beta melanocyte stimulating hormone/ beta endorphin) proopiomelanocortin derivatives POMC     …   Wikipedia

  • adrenocorticotropic hormone — ACTH. A hormone made in the pituitary gland. Adrenocorticotropic hormone acts on the outer part of the adrenal gland to control its release of corticosteroid hormones. More adrenocorticotropic hormone is made during times of stress. Also called… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • adrenocorticotropic hormone — noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex • Syn: ↑adrenocorticotrophic hormone, ↑ACTH, ↑adrenocorticotropin, ↑adrenocorticotrophin, ↑corticotropin, ↑corticotrophin • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • adrenocorticotropic hormone — noun A peptide hormone, secreted by the pituitary gland, that stimulates the secretion of other hormones Syn: corticotrophin …   Wiktionary

  • adrenocorticotropic hormone — ACTH, hormone secreted by the pituitary gland which stimulates steroid production by the cortex of the adrenal glands (Physiology) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • adrenocorticotropic hormone — /əˌdrinoʊkɔtɪkəˌtroʊpɪk ˈhɔmoʊn/ (say uh.dreenohkawtikuh.trohpik hawmohn) noun → ACTH. Also, adrenocorticotrophic hormone …   Australian English dictionary

  • adrenocorticotropic hormone — noun Date: 1937 ACTH …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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