Susquehannock


Susquehannock
Sus·que·han·nock (sŭs'kwə-hănʹək) n. pl. Susquehannock or Sus·que·han·nocks
1.
a. A Native American people formerly located along the Susquehanna River in New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland. The Susquehannock were extinct by 1763.
b. A member of this people. Also called Conestoga, Susquehanna.
2. The Iroquoian language of this people.

* * *

people
also called  Susquehanna  or  Conestoga 

      Iroquoian-speaking North American Indian tribe that traditionally lived in palisaded towns along the Susquehanna River in what are now New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland. Little is known of Susquehannock political organization, but they are thought to have been subdivided into several subtribes and clans; the name may have referred originally to a confederacy of tribes. Like other Iroquoian tribes, they were semisedentary agriculturalists.

      The Susquehannock were first described by Capt. John Smith, who explored the upper Chesapeake Bay area in 1608. Throughout the historical period they were at war with the Iroquois, who conquered them in 1676 and forced them to settle near the Oneida tribe in New York. They were later allowed to return to their former territory along the Susquehanna River. Epidemics steadily reduced their number (estimated to have been about 5,000 in 1600), and in 1763 many of the remaining Susquehannock were massacred by whites inflamed by accounts of an Indian war on the Pennsylvania frontier, several hundred miles away. Susquehannock descendants numbered more than 400 in the early 21st century.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Susquehannock — Die Susquehannock, auch Susquehanna, ab 1700 meistens Conestoga genannt, waren ein nordamerikanischer Indianer Stamm der Irokesen Sprachfamilie. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Susquehannock — Distribution of the Susquehannock language Total population Extinct as t …   Wikipedia

  • Susquehannock — ISO 639 3 Code : sqn ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Extinct …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Susquehannock — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Susquehannock (langue) — Susquehannock Extinction XVIIIe siècle Parlée aux  États Unis Région Nouvelle Angleterre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Susquehannock Trail Performance Rally — (STPR) is an annual rally racing event held in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania. STPR is currently the fifth Rally America National Rally Championship event of the season. History 2008 Season The 2008 STPR is scheduled for June 6 7. Past Winners …   Wikipedia

  • Susquehannock State Park — Geobox Protected Area name = Susquehannock State Park native name = other name = other name1 = category local = Pennsylvania State Park category iucn = III image caption = The view of the Susquehanna River from Susquehannock State Park etymology… …   Wikipedia

  • Susquehannock State Forest — Geobox Protected Area name = Susquehannock State Forest native name = other name = other name1 = category local = Pennsylvania State Forest category iucn = Managed Resource Protected Area (IUCN VI) image caption = etymology type = etymology =… …   Wikipedia

  • Susquehannock language — language name=Susquehannock nativename= familycolor=Blue states=north east U.S. extinct= fam1=Iroquoian languages fam2= fam3= fam4= iso2=|iso3=Susquehannock is an extinct language that once was spoken by Native Americans. It is a part of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Parc d'État de Susquehannock —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Forêt d État de Susquehannock. Parc d État de Susquehannock Vue sur la Susquehanna C …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.