sovkhoz

sovkhoz
sovkhoz [säv′kôz]
n.
pl. sovkhozy [säv′kôz ē]
a state-owned farm in the Soviet Union

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sov·khoz (sŏf-kôzʹ, sôv-KHôzʹ) n.
A state-owned farm that paid wages to workers in the former Soviet Union.
  [Russian, short for sovetskoe khozyaĭstvo, soviet farm.]

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▪ Soviet agriculture
abbreviation  of Russian Sovetskoe Khozyaystvo (“soviet farm”),  plural  Sovkhozy, or Sovkhozes, 

      state-operated agricultural estate in the U.S.S.R. organized according to industrial principles for specialized large-scale production. Workers were paid wages but might also cultivate personal garden plots. Its form developed from the few private estates taken over in their entirety by the state in the original Soviet expropriations. The number of sovkhozy increased during the period of collectivization beginning in 1929 and spurted again during the 1950s when a number of kolkhozy, or collective farms, the more prevalent form of agricultural enterprise, were converted to sovkhozy. The Virgin and Idle Lands Campaign initiated in 1953 relied mainly on the sovkhozy. In 1973 the total area of sovkhozy was greater than that of kolkhozy for the first time. In 1990 the Russian government began encouraging the gradual conversion of sovkhozy to private farms.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • SOVKHOZ — Le terme sovkhoz , abréviation du russe sovetskoe khozjajstvo (entreprise soviétique) servit à désigner en U.R.S.S. les grandes entreprises agricoles de l’État (d’où la traduction habituelle de sovkhoz par «fermes d’État» en français), par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sovkhoz — [säv′kôz] n. pl. sovkhozy [säv′kôz ē] a state owned farm in the Soviet Union …   English World dictionary

  • Sovkhoz — A sovkhoz Audio|ru sovkhoz.ogg|listen (Russian language: Совхоз, Советское хозяйство, Sovetskoye khozyaystvo , soviet farm ), typically translated as state farm, is a state owned farm. The term originated in the Soviet Union, hence the name. The… …   Wikipedia

  • sovkhoz — noun state farm in Soviet Russia The average size of a sovkhoz was 15,300 hectares (153 km²), nearly three times the average kolkhoz (5,900 hectares or 59 km² in 1990 …   Wiktionary

  • sovkhoz — noun (plural sovkhozy or sovkhozes) Etymology: Russian, short for sovetskoe khozyaĭstvo soviet farm Date: 1921 a state owned farm of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics paying wages to the workers …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sovkhoz —   see collective farming …   Geography glossary

  • sovkhoz — sovk|hoz Mot Agut Nom masculí …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • sovkhoz — n. government run agricultural system in the former U.S.S.R in which farmers were paid wages for their labor and were also entitled to a small plot of ground for private farming uses …   English contemporary dictionary

  • SOVKHOZ — Sovietskoïe Khoziaistvo (Russe. En franc. = Exploitation soviétique. On trouve souvent l orthographe sovkhoze, plus conforme à l esprit de la langue française). Ferme d État de grande taille où les agriculteurs sont des travailleurs salariés …   Sigles et Acronymes francais

  • sovkhoz —    (singular); sovkhozy (plural) (sov KOHZ, sov KOH zee) [Russian] In the former Soviet Union, a strictly state run enterprise, such as a farm or a factory, often located on a large estate that once belonged to a wealthy private owner. Sovkhozy… …   Dictionary of foreign words and phrases


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