Saint-Malo

Saint-Malo
Saint-Ma·lo (săɴ-mə-lōʹ)
A town of northwest France northwest of Nantes on the Gulf of Saint-Malo, an inlet of the English Channel. Founded on the site of a 6th-century A.D. monastery, it was a base for French pirates in the 17th and 18th centuries. Population: 46,347.

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France
      seaport, Ille-et-Vilaine département, Brittany région, northwestern France. It is situated on the English Channel and on the right bank of the estuary of the Rance River. The old walled city stands on a granite islet that is joined to the mainland by an ancient causeway and by an avenue bridging the inner harbour.

      Saint-Malo was named for Maclou, or Malo, a Welsh monk who fled to Brittany, making his headquarters on the island, in the 6th century and probably became the first bishop of Aleth (Saint-Servan). The island was not substantially inhabited until the 8th century, when the population of the surrounding district sought refuge there from the Normans. The bishopric was transferred to the island in 1144 and was abolished in 1790. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Saint-Malo derived prosperity from its navigators, traders, and privateers. The town was three-fourths destroyed during World War II, but it has been rebuilt.

      The fortress at the northeast corner of the ramparts, built between the 14th and the 17th century, has four great round towers, one of which houses a museum devoted largely to famous mariners born in the city, including the 16th-century French navigator Jacques Cartier (Cartier, Jacques). The 12th–17th-century Church of Saint-Vincent, previously the cathedral, was damaged in World War II but has undergone restoration work.

      Various activities are linked to the town's port, part of which is a yachting harbour. Freight and passenger ferries connect Saint-Malo to England, Ireland, and the Channel Islands. Saint-Malo's industries include food processing (shellfish), shipbuilding, and the manufacture of machinery and chemicals. The world's first large-scale tidal plant, using flood and ebb tides to generate electricity, was completed in Saint-Malo in 1967. Pop. (1999) 50,675; (2005 est.) 49,600.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Saint-malo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Malo (homonymie). Saint Malo vu depuis l île du Grand Bé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint Malo — (Sant Maloù) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint-Malo — (Sant Maloù) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint-Malo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Saint Malo Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • SAINT-MALO — SAINT MAL Située sur la côte nord de la Bretagne, dans l’actuel département d’Ille et Vilaine, Saint Malo offre le curieux exemple de la création d’une capitale d’un petit pays en trois étapes. À la veille de la conquête romaine, la civitas des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Saint-Malo —   [sɛ̃ma lo], Name von geographischen Objekten:    1) Saint Malo, Hafenstadt im Département Ille et Vilaine, in der Bretagne, Frankreich, an der Mündung der Rance, 48 000 Einwohner; nationale Schule der Handelsmarine, Segelschifffahrtsmuseum; Pfe …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Saint-Malo — es una ciudad portuaria en la Bretaña francesa en el Canal de la Mancha. Saint Malo tiene 53.000 habitantes, pero ese número sube a 200.000 en verano. * * * Saint Malo, golfo de ► C. del NO de Francia, en Bretaña, departamento de Ille et Vilaine …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Saint-Malo — (spr. ßäng ), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Ille et Vilaine, liegt malerisch auf einer in die Mündungsbucht der Rance gegen W. vorspringenden Felsenhalbinsel, die durch einen Damm (Sillon) mit dem Festland verbunden ist. An die Anse …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saint-Malo — (spr. ßäng), Stadt im franz. Dep. Ille et Vilaine, (1901) 11.486 E., fünf Außenforts, Schloß, hydrogr. Schule, Hafen, Seebad …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saint-Malo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Malo (homonymie). 48° 38′ 53″ N 2° 00′ 27″ W …   Wikipédia en Français


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