pseudomonad


pseudomonad
pseu·do·mo·nad (so͞o'də-mōʹnăd') n.
1. Any of various gram-negative, rod-shaped, mostly aerobic flagellated bacteria of the phylum Pseudomonad, commonly found in soil, water, and decaying matter and including some plant and animal pathogens.
2. A pseudomonad of the large genus Pseudomonas, some species of which are opportunistic pathogens in humans. Also called pseudomonas.
  [From New Latin Pseudomonas, genus name : pseudo- + Latin monas, monad-, unit (from Greek, from monos, single. See men-4.]

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Any of a large and varied group of rod-shaped, often curved bacteria.

Many can move, propelled by one or more flagella. Some aquatic species are attached to surfaces by long strands or stalks. Most are found in soil or water; some cause diseases in plants, and a few cause serious diseases in humans and other mammals. One very common and widespread species, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is a serious cause of disease in humans, causing antibiotic-resistant infections in individuals with weakened resistance. Pseudomonads have been implicated in hospital-acquired infections of surgical wounds and severely burned tissue and in fatal infections of cancer patients treated with immunosuppressive drugs.

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 any bacterium of the family Pseudomonadaceae, a large and varied group comprising four major genera and several hundred species. The individual cells are rod-shaped, often curved, averaging about 1 μm (micrometre; 1 μm = 10-6 metre) in diameter and several micrometres in length. The cells of most species are separate and not joined in filaments; many are motile, propelled by one or more flagella (whiplike appendages), usually located terminally. The cells of some aquatic species are attached to surfaces by long strands or stalks (holdfasts).

      Most species of the family are found in soil or water; some cause diseases in plants, and a few cause serious diseases in humans and other mammals. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, very common and widespread, is an opportunistic pathogen for man, which causes antibiotic-resistive infections in persons of weakened resistance. It has been implicated in hospital-acquired infections of surgical wounds and severely burned tissue and in fatal infections of cancer patients treated with immunosuppressive drugs. Burkholderia mallei, the cause of glanders, or farcy, of horses and donkeys, is occasionally pathogenic for man, and B. pseudomallei causes melioidosis, an uncommon but highly fatal tropical lung disease of man and other mammals. B. cepacia, like P. aeruginosa, is a cause of serious lung infections in people with cystic fibrosis.

      Some pseudomonads cause plant diseases: P. syringae in lilacs, citrus, beans, and cherries; and Ralstonia solanacearum in potato, tomato, tobacco, and other plants.

      Xanthomonas is distinct among bacteria for its unique yellowish cell pigments. Its species cause bacterial spot of peach (X. pruni) and tomato (X. vescicatoria), canker of grapevine (X. ampelina), and a number of vascular diseases of cole crops (X. campestris).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • pseudomonad — noun Etymology: New Latin Pseudomonad , Pseudomonas Date: 1921 any of a genus (Pseudomonas) of gram negative rod shaped motile bacteria including some that produce a greenish fluorescent water soluble pigment and some that are saprophytes or… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pseudomonad — noun bacteria usually producing greenish fluorescent water soluble pigment; some pathogenic for plants and animals • Hypernyms: ↑eubacteria, ↑eubacterium, ↑true bacteria • Hyponyms: ↑ring rot bacteria, ↑Pseudomonas solanacearum …   Useful english dictionary

  • pseudomonad — noun Any of many gram negative bacteria, of the genus Pseudomonas, some of which are pathogenic …   Wiktionary

  • pseudomonad — A vernacular term used to refer to any member of the genus Pseudomonas. * * * pseu·do·mo·nad .süd ə mō .nad, nəd n any bacterium of the genus Pseudomonas * * * pseu·do·mo·nad (soo″do moґnad) any member of the genus Pseudomonas. pseudomonal… …   Medical dictionary

  • pseudomonad — pseu·dom·o·nad …   English syllables

  • pseudomonad — pseu•dom•o•nad [[t]suˈdɒm əˌnæd[/t]] n. pl. pseu•do•mon•a•des [[t]ˌsu dəˈmɒn əˌdiz[/t]] mcr any of several rod shaped bacteria of the genus Pseudomonas, certain species of which are pathogenic in plants or animals • Etymology: < NL (1897); see …   From formal English to slang

  • Pseudomonas — Taxobox color = lightgrey name = Pseudomonas image width = 280px image caption = P. aeruginosa colonies on an agar plate. regnum = Bacteria phylum = Proteobacteria classis = Gamma Proteobacteria ordo = Pseudomonadales familia = Pseudomonadaceae… …   Wikipedia

  • Pseudomonadaceae — Taxobox color = lightgrey name = Pseudomonadaceae regnum = Bacteria phylum = Proteobacteria classis = Gammaproteobacteria ordo = Pseudomonadales familia = Pseudomonadaceae familia authority = Winslow et al., 1917 subdivision ranks = Genera… …   Wikipedia

  • D-arabinose 1-dehydrogenase (NAD(P)+) — D arabinose 1 dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+] Identifiers EC number 1.1.1.117 CAS number 37250 48 9 …   Wikipedia

  • pseudomonas — noun (plural pseudomonades) Etymology: New Latin, from pseud + monad , monas monad Date: 1903 pseudomonad …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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