Pelagianism


Pelagianism
Pe·la·gi·an·ism (pə-lāʹjē-ə-nĭz'əm) n.
The theological doctrine propounded by Pelagius, a British monk, and condemned as heresy by the Roman Catholic Church in A.D. 416. It denied original sin and affirmed the ability of humans to be righteous by the exercise of free will.
  Pe·laʹgi·an adj. & n.

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Christian heresy of the 5th century that emphasized free will and the goodness of human nature.

Pelagius (354?–after 418), a British monk who settled in Africa in 410, was eager to raise moral standards among Christians. Rejecting the arguments of those who attributed their sins to human weakness, he argued that God made humans free to choose between good and evil and that sin is an entirely voluntary act. His disciple Celestius denied the church's doctrine of original sin and the necessity of infant baptism. Pelagius and Celestius were excommunicated in 418, but their views continued to find defenders until the Council of Ephesus condemned Pelagianism in 431.

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▪ religious history
also called  Pelagian Heresy,  

      a 5th-century Christian heresy taught by Pelagius (q.v.) and his followers that stressed the essential goodness of human nature and the freedom of the human will. Pelagius was concerned about the slack moral standards among Christians, and he hoped to improve their conduct by his teachings. Rejecting the arguments of those who claimed that they sinned because of human weakness, he insisted that God made human beings free to choose between good and evil and that sin is a voluntary act committed by a person against God's law. Celestius, a disciple of Pelagius, denied the church's doctrine of original sin and the necessity of infant Baptism.

      Pelagianism was opposed by Augustine (Augustine, Saint), bishop of Hippo, who asserted that human beings could not attain righteousness by their own efforts and were totally dependent upon the grace of God. Condemned by two councils of African bishops in 416, and again at Carthage in 418, Pelagius and Celestius were finally excommunicated in 418; Pelagius' later fate is unknown.

      The controversy, however, was not over. Julian Of Eclanum continued to assert the Pelagian view and engaged Augustine in literary polemic until the latter's death in 430. Julian himself was finally condemned, with the rest of the Pelagian party, at the Council of Ephesus (Ephesus, councils of) in 431. Another heresy, known as semi-Pelagianism (q.v.), flourished in southern Gaul until it was finally condemned at the second Council of Orange in 529.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • pelagianism — pelagianísm s. n. (sil. gi a ) Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  PELAGIANÍSM s.n. Doctrină eretică creştină care nega urmările păcatului originar, susţinând că oamenii pot săvârşi binele şi fără graţia divină. [pron. gi… …   Dicționar Român

  • Pelagianism — Pe*la gi*an*ism, n. [Cf. F. p[ e]lagianisme.] The doctrines of Pelagius. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pelagianism — Pelagians redirects here. For the Italian movement of lay mystics known as Pelagians, see Pelagians (Quietism). Pelagianism is a theological theory named after Pelagius (AD 354 – AD 420/440), although he denied, at least at some point in his life …   Wikipedia

  • Pelagianism — noun Date: 1583 the teaching of Pelagius or Pelagians …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pelagianism — noun A Christian belief that denies the view of original sin and the necessity of grace, asserting that man is capable of achieving salvation by his own efforts …   Wiktionary

  • Pelagianism — Pelagius was a Welsh cleric, active in Rome, North Africa, and the Middle East at the beginning of the 5th century. He denied the transmission of original sin, and denied that baptism is necessary to be freed from it. He held the view that man… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Pelagianism —  (Cap.) A heresy …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • PELAGIANISM —    the teachings of the British Monk PELAGIUS and his school concerning the relationship between divine GRACE and the FREE WILL. Pelagius seems to have denied the doctrine of ORIGINAL SIN arguing that it denied the FREEDOM of the WILL. AUGUSTINE… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Pelagianism —    The teachings associated with the heretic pelagius …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Pelagianism — the belief that original sin did not taint human nature (which, being created from God, was divine), and that mortal will is still capable of choosing good or evil without Divine aid. • Semipelagianism a Christian theological understanding about… …   Mini philosophy glossary


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