Offa


Offa
Of·fa (ôʹfə), Died 796.
King of Mercia (757-796). With Charlemagne he signed the first recorded English commercial treaty (796).

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died July 796

One of the most powerful kings in Anglo-Saxon England.

He became king of Mercia (757–796) after seizing power during a civil war. He extended his rule over most of southern England and married his daughters to the rulers of Wessex and Northumbria. Eager to form European diplomatic ties, Offa signed a commercial treaty with Charlemagne (796) and allowed the pope to increase his control over the English church. He built Offa's Dyke to divide Mercia from Welsh lands.

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▪ Anglo-Saxon king
died July 796
 one of the most powerful kings in early Anglo-Saxon England. As ruler of Mercia from 757 to 796, Offa brought southern England to the highest level of political unification it had yet achieved in the Anglo-Saxon period (5th–11th century AD). He also formed ties with rulers on the European continent.

      A member of an ancient Mercian ruling family, Offa seized power in the civil war that followed the murder of his cousin, King Aethelbald (reigned 716–757). By ruthlessly suppressing resistance from several small kingdoms in and around Mercia, he created a single state covering most of England south of modern Yorkshire. The lesser kings of this region paid him homage, and he married his daughters to the rulers of Wessex and Northumbria.

      Offa appears to have aspired to be accepted as an equal by continental monarchs. Charlemagne, king of the Franks, quarreled with Offa, but the two rulers concluded a commercial treaty in 796. In addition, Offa maintained a friendly relationship with Pope Adrian I, who was allowed to increase his control over the English church, while acceding to Offa's request for the creation of an archbishopric of Lichfield. This remarkable, if temporary, change in church organization freed the Mercian church from the authority of the archbishop of Canterbury, who was seated among Offa's enemies in the kingdom of Kent.

      An impressive memorial to Offa's power survives in the great earthwork known as Offa's Dyke (q.v.), which he had constructed between Mercia and the Welsh settlements to the west. Perhaps the most enduring achievement of his reign was the establishment of a new form of coinage (coin) bearing the king's name and title and the name of the moneyer responsible for the quality of the coins. The principles governing his coinage were employed in England for centuries afterward.

      town, Kwara state, southwestern Nigeria. It lies along the railroad from Lagos and at the intersection of roads from Ilorin town, Lafiagi, and Ikirun. A traditional settlement of the Yoruba people in a savanna area, it now serves as a collecting point for the yams, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), sorghum, and shea nuts grown in the surrounding area. Cotton weaving and dyeing (with locally grown indigo) are important activities in the town. Offa is served by a hospital and by secondary schools. Pop. (2006) local government area, 89,674.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Offa — ist der Name: eines legendären Königs der Angeln; siehe Offa (Angeln) eines Königs von Essex; siehe Offa (Essex) eines angelsächsischen Königs, 757 796; siehe Offa von Mercien der archäologischen Fachzeitschrift Offa (Zeitschrift) einer Stadt in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Offa [1] — Offa (lat.), eine Masse, ein Wissen. O. judicialis, so v.w. Geweihter Bissen, eine Art Gottesurtheil, s.d. D). Inter os et offam, latein. Sprüchwort: Zwischen Mund u. Bissen (entsprechend dem deutschen: Zwischen Lipp u. Kelchesrand), d.h. in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Offa [2] — Offa, 1) (Uffa), König der Ostangeln in Britannien; st. 578. 2) König von Mercia, regierte 758–796, s. England (Gesch.) IV. C) c) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Offa — Offa, (25. Oct.), ein König von Esser, der nach Beda s Bericht um das J. 707 seinen Thron in England aufgab und nach Rom pilgerte, um Mönch zu werden (hist eccl. Angl. V. 19.) Es wird ihm von Einigen die Stiftung des Klosters Schuttern… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Offa — Offa, lat., Masse; Kuchen; Bissen; inter os et offam, lat., zwischen Mund und Bissen d.h. im Augenblick …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Offa — • King of Mercia (d. 796) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • OFFA — /of ə/ (education) abbrev Office for Fair Access …   Useful english dictionary

  • Offa — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Personnes Offa est roi de Mercie de 757 à 796. Offa est roi d Essex jusqu en 709. Géographie Offa est une commune de Côte d Ivoire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • OFFA — I. OFFA Rex Merciorum, caesô Bernedô. Fossam ingentem ad regni sui partem eo melius defendendam duci curavit: bellô illatô Regibus Cantii, Saxoniae Occident. etc. Ethelbertum Anglorum Orient. Regem, sub praetextu filiam suam ei despondendi, e… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Offa — ► (s. VIII) Rey de Mercia en 757 796, sucesor de Etebaldo. Para defenderse de los galos hizo construir la muralla llamada el dique de Offa. * * * (m. jul. 796). Uno de los reyes más poderosos en la Inglaterra anglosajona. Se convirtió en rey de… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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