Na·dar (nä-därʹ), Originally Gaspard-Félix Tournachon. 1820-1910.
French photographer known for his aerial views of Paris and his portraits of figures in the arts, including Edouard Manet and Charles Baudelaire.
* * *orig. Gaspard-Félix Tournachondied March 21, 1910, ParisFrench photographer, caricaturist, and writer.When his father's bankruptcy forced him to leave medical school in 1838, he settled in Paris and began selling caricatures to humour magazines. By 1853 he had become an expert photographer and had opened a portrait studio. His studies of prominent Parisians such as Charles Baudelaire (1855) and Eugène Delacroix (1855) were exceptional in their naturalness, in contrast to the stiff formality of most portraits of the time. His studio became a favourite meeting place of the Paris intelligentsia and was the site of the first Impressionist exhibit. A tireless innovator, in 1855 he patented the idea of using aerial photographs in mapmaking and surveying, and in 1858 he himself made the first successful aerial photograph, from a balloon. He also wrote novels, essays, satires, and autobiographical works.
* * *pseudonym of Gaspard-félix Tournachonborn April 5, 1820, Parisdied March 21, 1910, ParisFrench writer, caricaturist, and photographer who is remembered primarily for his photographic portraits, which are considered to be among the best done in the 19th century.As a young man, he studied medicine in Lyon, Fr., but, when his father's publishing house went bankrupt in 1838, he was forced to earn his own livelihood. He began to write newspaper articles that he signed “Nadar.” In 1842 Nadar settled in Paris and began to sell caricatures to humour magazines.By 1853, although he still considered himself primarily a caricaturist, he had become an expert photographer and had opened a portrait studio. Nadar's immediate success stemmed partly from his sense of showmanship. He had the entire building that housed his studio painted red and his name printed in gigantic letters across a 50-foot (15-metre) expanse of wall. The building became a local landmark and a favourite meeting place of the intelligentsia of Paris. When, in 1874, the painters later known as Impressionists needed a place to hold their first exhibit, Nadar lent them his gallery. He was greatly pleased by the storm the exhibit raised; the notoriety was good for business.In 1854 he completed his first “PanthéonNadar,” a set of two gigantic lithographs portraying caricatures of prominent Parisians. When he began work on the second “Panthéon-Nadar,” he made photographic portraits of the persons he intended to caricature. His portraits of the illustrator Gustave Doré (c. 1855) and the poet Charles Baudelaire (1855) are direct and naturally posed, in contrast to the stiff formality of most contemporaneous portraits. Other remarkable character studies are those of the writer Théophile Gautier (c. 1855) and the painter Eugène Delacroix (1855).Nadar was a tireless innovator. In 1855 he patented the idea of using aerial photographs in mapmaking and surveying. It was not until 1858, however, that he was able to make a successful aerial photograph, the world's first, from a balloon. This led Daumier to issue a satirical lithograph of Nadar photographing Paris from a balloon. It was titled “Nadar Raising Photography to the Height of Art.”Nadar remained a passionate aeronaut until he and his wife and other passengers were injured in an accident in Le Géant, a gigantic balloon he had built.In 1858 he began to photograph by electric light, making a series of photographs of Paris sewers. And, in 1886, he made the first “photo interview,” a series of 21 photographs of the French scientist Eugène Chevreul in conversation. Each picture was captioned with Chevreul's responses to Nadar's questions, giving a vivid impression of the scientist's personality. Nadar also wrote novels, essays, satires, and autobiographical works.
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Nadar — (autoportrait) Vers 1865: Série Autoportrait « tournant »: Nadar; Animation: OxIxO (2010) … Wikipédia en Français
NADAR — FÉLIX TOURNACHON dit (1820 1910) Photographe, dessinateur et écrivain français. Fils d’un imprimeur lyonnais, Nadar mène à Paris la vie de bohème des jeunes romantiques et publie des critiques dramatiques et des contes sous divers pseudonymes. En … Encyclopédie Universelle
Nadar — may refer to: Nadar (caste), a prominent Tamil caste of India and in the Tamil diaspora Nadar (photographer), the pseudonym of 19th century French photographer and caricaturist Gaspard Félix Tournachon Prix Nadar, an annual award for a… … Wikipedia
nadar — verbo intransitivo 1. Mantenerse y avanzar (una persona o un animal) en el agua, moviendo el cuerpo continuamente: Nadamos un rato en el río. 2. Flotar (una cosa) en [un líquido] … Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española
nadar — de nadar de costas, nadar de bruços. nadar em nadava em dinheiro … Dicionario dos verbos portugueses
Nadar — puede referirse a: Natación, acción. El periodista, ilustrador y caricaturista, pero sobre todo fotógrafo francés Gaspard Félix Tournachon conocido como Nadar. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si… … Wikipedia Español
nadar — Se conjuga como: amar Infinitivo: Gerundio: Participio: nadar nadando nadado Indicativo presente imperfecto pretérito futuro condicional yo tú él, ella, Ud. nosotros vosotros ellos, ellas, Uds. nado nadas nada nadamos nadáis nadan nadaba… … Wordreference Spanish Conjugations Dictionary
Nadar — Nadar, Félix Tournachon, genannt N., Schriftsteller, Zeichner und Luftschiffer, geb. 5. April 1820 in Paris, studierte in Lyon Medizin, wurde später in Paris Schriftsteller, auch Zeichner, war beim Theater und selbst in der Industrie tätig,… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Nadar — Nadar, Pseudonym von Felix Tournachon (s.d.) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Nadar — [na dar], eigentlich Gaspard Félix Tournachon [turna ʃɔ̃], französischer Karikaturist und Fotograf, * Paris 6. 4. 1820, ✝ ebenda 21. 3. 1910; begann als Journalist, zeichnete Karikaturen Pariser Intellektueller für französische Zeitschriften (u … Universal-Lexikon
nadar — v. intr. 1. Flutuar e mover se na água (ajudando se com os braços e as pernas). 2. Boiar. 3. Estar submerso. 4. [Figurado] Engolfar se. 5. Ter abundantemente o gozo de … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa