Properties and Applications of Prominent Man-Made Fibres, Table


Properties and Applications of Prominent Man-Made Fibres, Table

Table
Table 1: Properties and Applications of Prominent Man-Made Fibres
 
Polymer family and type common names 
and trade names deniers 
(gm/9,000 m)  tensile 
strength 
(gm/denier)  elongation 
at break 
(%) initial 
modulus 
(gm/denier) apparel and home- 
furnishing applications industrial applications
Regenerated cellulose rayon (industrial polymers, major) 2-3 2.0-2.1 17-20 — area rugs, substitute for 
    cotton in clothing disposable nonwoven 
    fabrics, tire cord, paper
Cellulose triacetate (industrial polymers, major) acetate, Arnel 2-3 1.2-1.4 25-28 35-40 suit coat linings cigarette filters
Polycaprolactam (textile fibre)  nylon 6 (textile) (industrial polymers, major) 1.5-5 4.5-6.8 23-43 25-35 hosiery, lingerie, sports 
    garments, soft-sided 
    luggage, upholstery no significant applications
Polyhexamethylene adipamide 
    (textile fibre) nylon 6,6 (textile) (industrial polymers, major) 1.5-5 4.5-6.8 23-43 25-35 hosiery, lingerie, sports 
    garments, soft-sided 
    luggage, upholstery no significant applications
Polycaprolactam (industrial 
    fibre) nylon 6 (industrial) (industrial polymers, major) 1.5-5 8.5-9.5 12-17 33-46 no significant applications tires, ropes, seat belts, 
    parachutes, fishing lines 
    and nets, hoses
Polyhexamethylene adipamide 
    (industrial fibre) nylon 6,6 (industrial) (industrial polymers, major)  1.5-5 8.5-9.5 12-17 33-46 no significant applications tires, ropes, seat belts, 
    parachutes, fishing lines 
    and nets, hoses
Poly-p-phenylene tereph- 
    thalamide Kevlar, Twaron, 
    Technora 1.0-1.5 25-30 3-6 500-1,000 no significant applications radial tire belts, bulletproof 
    vests, reinforcement for 
    boat hulls and aircraft 
    panels
Poly-m-phenylene isoph- 
    thalamide Nomex, Conex 2-5 3-6 2-30 130-150 no significant applications filter bags for hot stack 
    gases, flame-resistant 
    clothing
Polyethylene terephthalate (industrial polymers, major) Dacron, Terylene, 
    Trevira 1.5-5 4.7-6.0 35-50 25-50 permanent-press clothing, 
    fibrefill insulation, 
    carpets sewing thread, seat belts, 
    tire yarns, nonwoven 
    fabrics
Acrylic (industrial polymers, major) (>85% acrylonitrile) Acrilan, Creslan, 
    Courtelle 2-8 2.5-4.5 27-48 25-63 substitute for wool—e.g., in 
    sweaters, hosiery, 
    blankets filters, battery separators, 
    substitute for asbestos 
    in cement
Modacrylic (industrial polymers, major) (35-85% 
    acrylonitrile) Verel, SEF 2-8 2.5-4.5 27-48 22-56 flame-resistant clothing— 
    e.g., artificial fur, 
    children's sleepwear flame-resistant awnings, 
    tents, boat covers
Polypropylene (industrial polymers, major) Herculon, Marvess 2-10 5-9 15-30 29-45 upholstery, carpets, carpet 
    backing ropes, nets, disposable 
    nonwoven fabrics
Regular (industrial polymers, major) 2-10 2-4 20-40 — no significant applications cordage, webbing
High-modulus (industrial polymers, major) Dyneema, Spectra — 30-35 2.7-3.5 1,370-2,016 no significant applications reinforcement for boat 
    hulls, bulletproof vests
Polyurethane (industrial polymers, major) spandex, Lycra (industrial polymers, major) 2.5-20 0.6-1.5 400-600 — stretch fabrics—e.g., for 
    sportswear, swimsuits no significant applications
See as table:
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • fibre, man-made — Introduction       fibre whose chemical composition, structure, and properties are significantly modified during the manufacturing process. Man made fibres are spun and woven into a huge number of consumer and industrial products, including… …   Universalium

  • Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview        Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… …   Universalium

  • Agriculture and Food Supplies — ▪ 2007 Introduction Bird flu reached Europe and Africa, and concerns over BSE continued to disrupt trade in beef. An international vault for seeds was under construction on an Arctic island. Stocks of important food fish species were reported… …   Universalium

  • Health and Disease — ▪ 2009 Introduction Food and Drug Safety.       In 2008 the contamination of infant formula and related dairy products with melamine in China led to widespread health problems in children, including urinary problems and possible renal tube… …   Universalium

  • industrial polymers, major — Introduction       chemical compounds used in the manufacture of synthetic industrial materials.       In the commercial production of plastics, elastomers, man made fibres, adhesives, and surface coatings, a tremendous variety of polymers are… …   Universalium

  • chemical industry — Introduction       complex of processes, operations, and organizations engaged in the manufacture of chemicals and their derivatives.       Although the chemical industry may be described simply as the industry that uses chemistry and… …   Universalium

  • interior design — 1. the design and coordination of the decorative elements of the interior of a house, apartment, office, or other structural space, including color schemes, fittings, furnishings, and sometimes architectural features. 2. the art, business, or… …   Universalium

  • radiation — radiational, adj. /ray dee ay sheuhn/, n. 1. Physics. a. the process in which energy is emitted as particles or waves. b. the complete process in which energy is emitted by one body, transmitted through an intervening medium or space, and… …   Universalium

  • drug — drug1 /drug/, n., v., drugged, drugging. n. 1. Pharm. a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well being. 2. (in federal law) a. any substance… …   Universalium

  • Drug — /droog/, n. Zoroastrianism. the cosmic principle of disorder and falsehood. Cf. Asha. [ < Avestan drauga] * * * I Any chemical agent that affects the function of living things. Some, including antibiotics, stimulants, tranquilizers,… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.