Some bacterial diseases of plants


Some bacterial diseases of plants

Table
Some bacterial diseases of plants
disease causative agent hosts symptoms and signs additional features
Granville wilt Pseudomonas solanacearum tobacco, tomato, potato, eggplant, pepper, and other plants stunting, yellowing, and wilting of parts above ground; roots decay and become black or brown occurs in most countries in temperate and semitropical zones; causes crop losses of hundreds of millions of dollars
fire blight Erwinia amylovora apple and pear blossoms appear water-soaked and shrivel; spreads to leaves and stems, causing rapid dieback first plant disease proved to be caused by a bacterium
wildfire of tobacco Pseudomonas syringae tobacco yellowish green spots on leaves wildfire of tobacco occurs worldwide; causes losses in seedlings and field plants
blight of beans Xanthomonas campestris beans (common blight) yellowish green spots on leaves most phytopathogenic xanthomonads and pseudomonads cause necrotic spots on green parts of susceptible hosts; may be localized or systemic
Pseudomonas syringae beans (brown spot) small water-soaked spots on lower side of leaves enlarge, coalesce, and become necrotic
soft rot Erwinia carotovora many fleshy-tissue fruits—e.g., cabbage, carrot, celery, onion soft decay of fleshy tissues that become mushy and soft occurs worldwide; causes major economic losses
crown gall Agrobacterium tumefaciens more than 100 genera of woody and herbaceous plants initially a small enlargement of stems or roots usually at or near the soil line, increasing in size, becoming wrinkled, and turning brown to black the conversion of a normal cell to one that produces excessive cell multiplication is caused by a plasmid (a small circular piece of DNA) carried by the pathogenic bacterium
aster yellows Mycoplasma-like organism (MLO) many vegetables, ornamentals, and weeds chlorosis; dwarfing malformations greatest losses suffered by carrots; transmission by leafhoppers
citrus stubborn disease Spiroplasma citri (MLO) citrus and stone fruits and vegetables chlorosis, yellowing of leaves, shortened internodes, wilting first MLO pathogen of plant disease cultured
See as table:

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bacterial blight (barley) — Bacterial blight is a disease of barley caused by the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. translucens (syn. X. translucens ). It has been known as a disease since the late 1800s. It has a worldwide distribution.cite book last = Mathre… …   Wikipedia

  • Pests and diseases of roses — Roses ( Rosa sp. ) are susceptible to a number of pests, diseases and disorders. A large number of the problems affecting roses are seasonal and climatic. [Ross, D., Rose growing for Pleasure , Lothian Publishing, Melbourne, 1985, ISBN 0 85091… …   Wikipedia

  • List of citrus diseases — This article is a list of diseases in citrus plants. Contents 1 Bacterial diseases 2 Fungal diseases 3 Nematodes, parasitic 4 Viral diseases …   Wikipedia

  • List of dog diseases — This list of dog diseases is a continuously updated selection of diseases and other conditions found in the dog. Some of these diseases are unique to dogs or closely related species, while others are found in other animals, including humans. Not… …   Wikipedia

  • Fish diseases and parasites — This gizzard shad has VHS, a deadly infectious disease which causes bleeding. It afflicts over 50 species of freshwater and marine fish in the northern hemisphere.[1] Like humans and other animals, fish suffer from diseases and parasites. Fish… …   Wikipedia

  • List of fictional diseases — This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. This article is a list of fictional diseases nonexistent, named medical conditions… …   Wikipedia

  • plant disease — ▪ plant pathology Introduction       an impairment of the normal state of a plant that interrupts or modifies its vital functions.       All species of plants, wild and cultivated alike, are subject to disease. Although each species is… …   Universalium

  • spraying and dusting — Standard methods of applying pest control chemicals and other compounds to plants, animals, soils, or agricultural products. For spraying, chemicals are dissolved or suspended in water or, less commonly, in an oil based carrier. The mixture is… …   Universalium

  • pseudomonad — pseu·do·mo·nad (so͞o də mōʹnăd ) n. 1. Any of various gram negative, rod shaped, mostly aerobic flagellated bacteria of the phylum Pseudomonad, commonly found in soil, water, and decaying matter and including some plant and animal pathogens. 2. A …   Universalium

  • bacteria — bacterial, adj. bacterially, adv. /bak tear ee euh/, n.pl., sing. bacterium / tear ee euhm/. ubiquitous one celled organisms, spherical, spiral, or rod shaped and appearing singly or in chains, comprising the Schizomycota, a phylum of the kingdom …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.