Classification and Examples of Some Musical Instruments


Classification and Examples of Some Musical Instruments

Table

Idiophones

Struck
against each other cymbals, castanets
with a beater triangle, glockenspiel, xylophone,
slit drums
Shaken rattle, jingles
Scraped scraper
Plucked Jew's harp, music box
Rubbed musical glasses

Membranophones
Struck side drum, bass drum, timpani
Rubbed friction drum
Blown mirliton (or kazoo)

Chordophones
Zithers
plucked harpsichord
struck hammered dulcimer, piano

Lutes
plucked lute, guitar
bowed violin, viola da gamba
Lyres
plucked Greek kithara, Ethiopian beganna
bowed Welsh crwth
Harp Celtic small harp, orchestral
chromatic harp

Aerophones
Free (air not confined)
without keyboard bull-roarer, harmonica
with keyboard harmonium, melodeon
Flutes (air blown recorder, flute
against an edge)
Reedpipes
single reed clarinet, saxophone
double reed shawm, crumhorn, oboe, bassoon,
sarrusophone
Lipped horn, cornet, trumpet, trombone, tuba,
serpent
Electrophones
Monophonic (producing theremin, trautonium, Ondes Martenot
a single line of melody)
Polyphonic (producing many synthesizers
harmony and simul-
taneous melodic lines)

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

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