Classification and Examples of Some Musical Instruments

Classification and Examples of Some Musical Instruments



against each other cymbals, castanets
with a beater triangle, glockenspiel, xylophone,
slit drums
Shaken rattle, jingles
Scraped scraper
Plucked Jew's harp, music box
Rubbed musical glasses

Struck side drum, bass drum, timpani
Rubbed friction drum
Blown mirliton (or kazoo)

plucked harpsichord
struck hammered dulcimer, piano

plucked lute, guitar
bowed violin, viola da gamba
plucked Greek kithara, Ethiopian beganna
bowed Welsh crwth
Harp Celtic small harp, orchestral
chromatic harp

Free (air not confined)
without keyboard bull-roarer, harmonica
with keyboard harmonium, melodeon
Flutes (air blown recorder, flute
against an edge)
single reed clarinet, saxophone
double reed shawm, crumhorn, oboe, bassoon,
Lipped horn, cornet, trumpet, trombone, tuba,
Monophonic (producing theremin, trautonium, Ondes Martenot
a single line of melody)
Polyphonic (producing many synthesizers
harmony and simul-
taneous melodic lines)

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

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