drug analgesics


drug analgesics

Table

Analgesics

drug class and
generic name common
trade name(s) use(s) mechanism
of action

anti-inflammatory analgesics

acetaminophen ()
      Tempra, Tylenol

mild to moderate pain,
fever inhibits prostaglandin synthesis

Ascriptin, Bayer, Bufferin, Ecotrin, Empirin, Excedrin mild to moderate pain,
fever inhibits prostaglandin synthesis

celecoxib
Celebrex arthritis inhibits prostaglandin synthesis and COX-2 activity

fenoprofen
Nalfon mild to moderate pain, arthritis inhibits prostaglandin synthesis and COX activity

ibuprofen ()
Advil, Motrin, Nuprin mild to moderate pain,
fever inhibits prostaglandin synthesis and COX activity

naproxen
Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn mild to moderate pain, arthritis inhibits prostaglandin synthesis and COX activity

rofecoxib
Vioxx mild to moderate pain, arthritis inhibits prostaglandin synthesis and COX-2 activity

opioid analgesics

Codeine mild to moderate pain;
cough affects opiate receptors in central nervous system

hydromorphone
Dilaudid moderate to severe
pain affects opiate receptors in central nervous system

Demerol moderate to severe
pain affects opiate receptors in central nervous system

Dolophine, Methadose severe pain; narcotic addiction affects opiate receptors in central nervous system

Avinza, MS Contin, MSIR, Oramorph, RMS, Roxanol moderate to severe or chronic pain affects opiate receptors in central nervous system

pentazocine
Talwin moderate to severe
pain affects opiate receptors in central nervous system

propoxyphene
Darvon moderate to severe
pain affects opiate receptors in central nervous system

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Universalium. 2010.

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