Political Parties 3


Political Parties 3

Table
Parlia-
Voting mentary
Country Affili- strength represen-
Name of party ation (%) tation

Afghanistan
Interim parliament
since January 1993 — — 250
Albania (March 1992)
Democratic Party CR 62.1 92 (75)
Social Democratic Party SD 4.4 7 —
Socialist Party x 25.7 38 (169)
Other — 7.8 3 (6)
Algeria
Interim government
since January 1992 — — —
Andorra (December 1993)
Agrupament Nacional Democratic CR 26.4 8
Others and independents — 73.6 20
Angola (September 1992)
Popular Liberation Movement of
Angola-Labour Party (MPLA-PT) x 53.7 129 (203)
National Union for the Total
Independence of Angola (UNITA) — 34.1 70 —
Others — 12.2 21 —
Antigua and Barbuda (March 1989)
Antigua Labour Party C 63.8 15 (16)
United National Democratic Party C 31.0 1 —
Barbuda People's Movement — ... 1 —
Barbuda National Party — ... — (1)
Argentina (October 1993)
Movement for Dignity
and Independence R 5.8 7 (3)
Union of the Democratic Centre CR 2.6 5 (10)
Justicialist National Movement
(Peronist) — 42.3 126 (119)
Radical Civic Union CL 30.0 83 (85)
Provincial parties e 10.4 (19)
38
Others — 8.9 (18)
Armenia (May-July 1990)
Supreme Soviet — — 260
Australia (March 1993)
National R 8.2 16 (14)
Liberal C 33.6 49 (55)
Labor L 38.2 80 (78)
Others and independents — 20.0 2 (1)
Austria (October 1990)
Freedom Party R 16.6 33 (18)
People's Party C 32.0 60 (77)
Socialist Party SD 42.8 80 (80)
Greens Lg 4.8 10 (8)
Azerbaijan (September-October 1990)
Supreme Soviet — — 349
Bahamas, The (August 1992)
Progressive Liberal Party C ... 15 (31)
Free National Movement C ... 34 (16)
Others — ... 0 (2)
Bahrain
Consultative Council
(advisory body) — — —
Bangladesh (February 1991)
Bangladesh Nationalist Party CR 31 166 (18)
National Party (coalition) — 11 35 (251)
Awami League SD 31 89 —
Islamic Assembly r 12 21 (5)
Others — 15 19 (25)
Barbados (January 1991)
Democratic Labour Party C 49 18 (24)
Barbados Labour Party L 44 10 (3)
Belarus (March 1990)
Supreme Soviet K — 272
Belgium (November 1991)
Vlaams Blok ERe 6.6 12 (2)
Volksunie Re 5.9 10 (16)
Front Démocratique Re 1.5 3 (3)

Flemish CR 11.9 26 (25)
Liberals
French CR 8.2 20 (23)

Flemish C 16.7 39 (43)
Social Christians
French C 7.8 18 (19)

Flemish SD 12 28 (32)
Socialists
French SD 13.6 35 (40)

Flemish g 4.9 7 (6)
Greens
French g 5.1 10 (3)

Others — 7.3 7 (3)
Belize (June 1993)
United Democratic Party R 48.8 16 (13)
People's United Party C 51.2 13 (15)
Benin (February 1991)
Union of the Forces of Progress
(formerly sole party) — ... 0
21 other parties — ... 64
Bhutan
National Assembly, no parties — — 100
Bolivia (June 1993)
Civic Solidarity Union R ... 20 —
Nationalist Revolutionary
Movement CR ... 52 (40)
Patriotic Accord (coalition) — ... 35 (71)
Conscience of the Fatherland CL ... 13 (9)
Free Bolivia Movement L ... 7 —
Others — ... 3 (10)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (December 1990)
Party of Democratic Action e ... 86
Serbian Democratic Party e ... 72
Croatian Democratic Union e ... 44
Democratic Party of Socialists x ... 20
Others — ... 18
Botswana (October 1989)
Botswana Democratic Party C 65.0 31 (29)
Botswana People's Party L ... — (1)
Botswana National Front L 27.7 3 (4)
Brazil (October 1990)
Rightist parties CR ... 243
Party of the Brazilian Democratic
Movement and allies CL ... 146
Leftist parties L ... 95
Others — ... 14
Brunei
Legislative Council (nonelected) — — —
Bulgaria (October 1991)
Union of Democratic Forces CL 34.4 110 (144)
Bulgarian Socialist Party x 33.1 106 (211)
Movement for Rights and Freedom e 7.5 24 (23)
Bulgarian Agrarian People's Union — 3.9 0 (16)
Other parties and independents — 21.1 0 (6)
Burkina Faso (May 1992)
Organization for Popular
Democracy-Labour Movement L ... 78
Allied parties — ... 6
Opposition parties — ... 23
Burundi (June 1993)
Burundi Democratic Front — 71.4 65
Unity for National Progress — 21.4 16
Others — 7.2 —
Cambodia (May 1993)
Funcinpec CR 45.5 58
Buddhist Liberal
Democratic Party L 3.0 10
Cambodian People's Party x 38.2 51
Others — 13.3 1
Cameroon (March 1992)
People's Democratic Movement
and allied party — ... 94 (180)
Opposition parties — ... 86 —
Canada (October 1993)
Reform R 18.1 52 —
Progressive Conservative CR 16.1 2 (170)
Liberal C 41.6 177 (82)
New Democratic SD 6.6 9 (43)
Bloc Québécois e 13.9 54 —
Others and independents — 3.7 1 (0)
Cape Verde (January 1991)
Movement for Democracy — 68.5 56 —
African Party for the Independence
of Cape Verde — 31.5 23 (83)
Central African Republic
(August-September 1993)
Central African People's
Liberation Party — ... 34
Others — ... 51
Chad
Transitional government
since March 1991 — — —
Chile (December 1993)
Independent Democratic Union ER ... 15 (11)
National Renovation and allied party R ... 31 (29)
Right-wing independents R ... 4 (8)
Christian Democratic Party C ... 37 (38)
Leftist parties CL-L ... 32 (28)
Left-wing independent L ... 1 (6)
China (September 1992-March 1993)
National People's Congress K ... 2,977
Colombia (October 1991) ...
Social Conservative Party R ... 15 (68)
National Salvation Movement R ... 12 —
New Democratic Force R ... 12 —
Liberal Party C ... 86 (112)
Democratic Alliance-
April 19 Movement L&EL ... 15 (1)
Patriotic Union EL ... 2 (15)
Others — ... 19 (1)
Comoros (December 1993)
Federal Assembly — ... 42 (42)
Congo (May-October 1993)
Presidential Coalition — ... 65 (69)
Opposition Coalition — ... 57 (49)
Others — ... 3 (7)
Costa Rica (February 1990)
Social Christian Unity Party CR 51.3 29 (25)
National Liberation Party L 47.2 25 (29)
Others — 1.5 3 (3)
Côte d'Ivoire (November 1990)
Democratic Party — ... 163 (175)
Popular Front SD ... 9 —
Others and independents — ... 3 —
Croatia (August 1992)
Croatian Party of Rights ERe 6.4 5
Croatian Democratic Union e 41.5 85
Croatian People's Party C 6.9 6
Croatian Social-Liberal Party CL 18.3 14
Party of Democratic Changes x 5.8 11
Others and independents — 20.6 17
Cuba (February 1993)
Communist Party K ... 589 (499)
Cyprus
Greek Zone (May 1991)
Democratic Rally R 35.8 20 (19)
Democratic Party (DIKO) CR 19.5 11 (16)
Socialist Party (EDEK) CL 10.9 7 (6)
Progressive Party of the
Working People K 30.6 18 (15)
Turkish Zone (December 1993)
National Unity Party — 30 17
Others — 70 33
Czech Republic (June 1992)
Association for the Republic-
Czech Republican Party ER 6.0 14
Governing coalition R&CR 41.9 105
Czech Social Democratic Party SD 6.5 16
Liberal Social Union (coalition) L 6.5 16
Left Bloc x 14.1 35
Moravia/Silesia regional party e 5.9 14
Others — 19.1 0
Denmark (December 1990)
Progress ER 6.4 12 (16)
Conservative R 16.0 30 (35)
Liberal (Venstre) CR 15.8 29 (22)
Christian People's CR 2.3 4 (4)
Radical Liberal (Radikale Venstre) C 3.5 7 (10)
Centre Democrats C 5.1 9 (9)
Social Democrats SD 37.4 69 (55)
Socialist People's S 8.3 15 (24)
Faeroe Islands and Greenland — — 4 (4)
Djibouti (December 1992)
Popular Rally for Progress — 74.6 65 (65)
New Democratic Party — 25.4 0 —
Dominica (May 1990)
Dominica Freedom Party CR 49.4 11 (15)
Dominica United Workers' Party C 23.5 6 —
Labour Party L 26.9 4 (5)
Independents — ... 0 (1)
Dominican Republic (May 1990)
Social Christian Reformist Party CR ... 40 (56)
Dominican Revolutionary Party L ... 32 (48)
Dominican Liberation Party L ... 44 (16)
Others — ... 4 —
Ecuador (May 1992)
Conservative Party R ... 6 (3)
Republican Unity Party CR ... 12 —
Social Christian Party CR ... 21 (16)
Popular Democracy C ... 5 (7)
Roldosist Party — ... 13 (13)
Democratic Left SD ... 7 (14)
Others — ... 13 (19)
Egypt (November-December 1990)
New Wafd Party R (Boycotted) (35)
National Democratic Party CR 79.6 348 (346)
Socialist Labour Party and allies L (Boycotted) (60)
National Progressive Unionist L 1.4 6 (0)
Independents — ... 83 (7)
El Salvador (March 1991)
Nationalist Republican Alliance
(Arena) R 44 39 (30)
National Conciliation Party CR 9 9 (7)
Christian Democratic Party C 28 26 (23)
Democratic Convergence L 12 8 —
Others — 7 2 (0)
Equatorial Guinea (November 1993)
Democratic Party of
Equatorial Guinea — ... 68 (41)
Principal opposition parties — ... (Boycotted) —
Others — ... 12 —
Eritrea
Transitional government
from May 1993 — — —
Estonia (September 1992)
Pro Patria coalition CR ... 29 —
Estonian Popular Front C ... 15 (43)
Estonian National Independence C ... 10 —
Moderates CL ... 12 —
Safe Haven — ... 17 —
Others — ... 18 (62)
Ethiopia
Transitional government
since July 1991 — — —
Fiji (May 1992)
Fijian Political Party e ... 30
Other Fijians e ... 7
National Federation (Indian) e ... 14
Other Indians e ... 13
Other parties — ... 6
Finland (March 1991)
National Coalition Party R 19.0 40 (53)
Swedish People's e 5.4 12 (12)
Centre Party C 24.4 55 (40)
Christian Union C 3.0 8 (5)
Rural Party C 4.8 7 (9)
Social Democratic L 21.7 48 (56)
Left-Wing Alliance S 9.9 19 (20)
Green Union g 6.7 10 (4)
Others — 5.2 2 (1)
France (March 1993)
National Front ER 12.4 0 (1)
Rally for the Republic (RPR) R 20.4 247 (127)
Other right-wing parties R 4.7 24 (16)
Union for French Democracy (UDF) CR 19.1 213 (129)
Socialist Party S 17.6 54 (260)
Other left-wing parties L 4.5 16 (16)
Communist Party K 9.2 23 (27)
Environmentalist parties g 7.6 0 —
Other — 4.5 0 (1)
Gabon (September 1990)
Democratic Party — ... 66 (111)
Progress Party — ... 19 —
Rally of Woodcutters — ... 17 —
Others — ... 18 —
Gambia, The (April 1992)
People's Progressive Party S ... 25 (31)
Others — ... 11 (5)
Georgia
Legislature suspended
September 1993 — — —
Germany (December 1990)
Christian Social Union R 7.1 51
Christian Democratic Union CR 36.7 268
Free Democratic Party C 11.0 79
Social Democratic Party SD 33.5 239
Party of Democratic
Socialism x 2.4 17
Greens/Alliance '90 g 5.1 8
Others — 4.2 0
Ghana (December 1992)
National Democratic Congress — ... 189
Others — ... 11
Greece (October 1993)
Political Spring CR 4.9 10 —
New Democracy CR 39.3 111 (152)
Panhellenic Socialist Movement
(Pasok) S 46.9 170 (124)
Progressive Left Coalition L&K 2.9 0
(21)
Communist Party K 4.5 9
Others — 1.5 0 (3)
Grenada (March 1990)
Grenada United Labour Party R 28.3 4 (1)
National Democratic Congress C 34.6 7 (6)
National Party C 17.4 2 (5)
New National Party C 17.2 2 (3)
Guatemala (November 1990)
National Advancement Party R 17.3 12
Solidarity Action Movement CR 24.1 18
Christian Democratic Party C 17.5 28
National Centre Union C 25.7 41
Others and independents — 15.4 17
Guinea
Transitional government
since January 1991 — — —
Guinea-Bissau (June 1989)
African Party for the Independence
of Guinea and Cape Verde — ... 150
Guyana (October 1992)
United Force CR 1.2 1 (2)
People's National Congress Se 43.6 27 (42)
People's Progressive Party Se 52.3 35 (8)
Working Peoples Alliance L 1.7 2 (1)
Haiti (December 1990-January 1991)
National Front for Change
and Democracy (coalition) CL ... 27
Others — ... 54
Honduras (November 1993)
National Party R 42 55 (71)
Liberal Party CR 53 71 (55)
Others — 5 2 (2)
Hungary (March-April 1990)
Independent Smallholders R 11.1 43
Hungarian Democratic Forum CR 42.7 165
Christian Democratic Party CR 5.4 21
Alliance of Free Democrats CL 23.8 92
Federation of Young Democrats L 5.4 21
Hungarian Socialist Party x 8.5 33
Others and independents — 2.6 10
Iceland (April 1991)
Independence Party R 38.6 26 (18)
Citizens' Party R 1.2 0 (7)
Progressive (Farmers') Party C 18.9 13 (13)
Social Democratic Party SD 15.5 10 (10)
People's Alliance x 14.4 9 (8)
Women's Alliance — 8.3 5 (6)
Others — 3.1 0 (1)
India (May 1991-February 1992)
Bharatiya Janata Rr ... 121 (88)
Congress (I) C ... 245 (192)
Janata Dal CL ... 58 (141)
Communist parties K ... 49 (43)
Others — ... 72 (59)
Indonesia (June 1992)
Golkar (Functional Groups) — 68 281 (299)
United Development Party r 17 63 (61)
Indonesian Democratic Party — 15 56 (40)
Iran (April-May 1992)
Consultative Assembly,
no parties since 1987 — ... 270
Iraq (April 1989)
Ba'th Party — 64
250
Others — 36
Ireland (November 1992)
Fianna Fail (Republican) C 39.1 68 (77)
Fine Gael (United Ireland) C 24.5 45 (55)
Progressive Democrats C 4.7 10 (5)
Labour Party L 19.3 33 (16)
Democratic Left S 2.8 4 (7)
Green Alliance g 1.4 1 (1)
Others — 8.2 5 (5)
Israel (June 1992)
Moledet ER 2.4 3 (2)
Tzomet R 6.4 8 (2)
United Torah Judaism r 3.3 4 (7)
Shas Rr 4.9 6 (6)
Likud R 24.9 32 (40)
National Religious (Mafdal) CRr 5.0 6 (5)
Labour SD 34.6 44 (39)
Meretz SD 9.6 12 (10)
Arab (Democracy) e 1.6 2 (1)
Hadash K 2.4 3 (4)
Others — 4.9 0 (4)
Italy (April 1992)
Italian Social Movement F 5.4 34 (35)
Northern League Re 8.7 55 —
Italian Liberal Party CR 2.8 17 (11)
Christian Democratic Party C 29.7 206 (234)
Republican Party CL 4.4 27 (21)
Social Democratic Party SD 2.7 16 (17)
Socialist Unity Party S 13.6 92 (94)
Democratic Party of the Left x 16.1 107
(177)
Communist Refoundation Party K 5.6 35
Green List g 2.8 16 (13)
Others — 10.9 41 (45)
Jamaica (March 1993)
Jamaica Labour Party CL ... 8 (15)
People's National Party L ... 52 (45)
Japan (July 1993)
Liberal-Democratic Party R 36.7 225 (275)
Shinseito (Japan Renewal) R 10.1 55 —
Japan New Party R 8.1 36 —
New Party Sakigake R 2.6 13 —
Komeito (Clean Government) C 8.1 52 (45)
Democratic Socialist Party SD 3.5 15 (14)
United Social Democratic Party SD 0.7 4 (4)
Social Democratic Party S 15.4 70 (136)
Japan Communist Party L 7.7 15 (16)
Independents — 7.1 27 (22)
Jordan (November 1993)
Islamic Action Front r ... 16 (20)
Independent Islamic
fundamentalists r ... 5 (12)
Tribal/traditional candidates C ... 49
(17)
Independent centrists C ... 3
Leftists L ... 7 (11)
Kazakhstan
Legislature dissolved
December 1993 — — —
Kenya (December 1992)
Kenya African National Union — ... 100 (188)
Forum for Restoration of
Democracy (2 wings) — ... 62 —
Democratic Party — ... 23 —
Others — ... 3 —
Kiribati (May 1991)
House of Assembly — ... 39
Korea, North (April 1990)
Korean Workers' Party K 99.8 687
Korea, South (March 1992)
United People's Party — 17.3 31
Democratic Liberal Party — 38.5 149
Democratic Party — 29.2 97
Others and independents — 15.0 22
Kuwait (October 1992)
Government supporters — ... 19
Fundamental opposition r ... 19
Liberal opposition — ... 12
Kyrgyzstan (February 1990)
Supreme Soviet — — 350
Laos (December 1992)
Lao People's Revolutionary Party
and allies K ... 85 (79)
Latvia (June 1993)
Ultranationalist parties ER 18.8 21 —
Latvia's Way Union
CR 43.0 48 —
Latvian Farmers' Union
Popular Front — 2.6 0 (131)
Harmony for Latvia CL 12.0 13 —
Equal Rights CL 5.8 7 —
Communist Party K (banned) (59)
Others — 17.8 11 (11)
Lebanon (August-October 1992)
Christian members — ... 64
Muslim/Druze members — ... 64
Lesotho (March 1993)
Basotho Congress Party — ... 65
Others — ... 0
Liberia
Interim government since
December 1993 — — —
Libya
Military government since
Sept. 1, 1969 — — —
Liechtenstein (October 1993)
Progressive Citizens' Party CR 41.3 11 (12)
Fatherland Union C 50.1 13 (11)
The Free List g 8.5 1 (2)
Lithuania (October-November 1992)
Christian Democrats and allies R ... 18
Reform Movement (Sajudis) CR 19 29
Social Democratic Party SD ... 8
Democratic Labour Party x 45 74
Others — ... 12
Luxembourg (June 1989)
Christian Social People's Party CR 32 22 (25)
Democratic (Liberal) Party C 18 11 (14)
Socialist Workers' Party SD 27 18 (21)
Communist Party K 4 1 (2)
Five-Sixths Action Committee — ... 4 (0)
Green parties g ... 4 (2)
Macedonia (November-December 1990)
Democratic Party for Macedonian
National Unity Ce ... 37
Government parties CL-x ... 79
Others — ... 4
Madagascar (June 1993)
Living Forces coalition — ... 75
Others — ... 59
Malawi (June 1992)
Malawi Congress Party — ... 136 (112)
Malaysia (October 1990)
Muslim Unity Movement CR ... 15 —
National Front (Barisan Nasional)
United Malays National Organization e 71 (83)
54.2
Allied parties e 56 (65)
Democratic Action Party SD ... 20 (24)
Others and independents — ... 18 (5)
Maldives (November 1989)
Citizens' Assembly — ... 40
Mali (February-March 1992)
Alliance for Democracy in Mali — 48.4 76
Others — 51.6 40
Malta (February 1992)
Nationalist Party R 51.8 34 (35)
Labour Party SD 46.5 31 (34)
Marshall Islands (November 1991)
House of Representatives — — 33
Mauritania (March 1992)
Democratic and Social
Republican Party R 85 67
Others and independents — 15 12
Mauritius (September 1991)
Mauritian Social Movement
and allies CL ... 59 (49)
Opposition parties CL ... 3 (13)
Mexico (August 1991)
National Action Party (PAN) CR 17.7 89 (101)
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) C 61.4 320 (261)
Democratic Revolutionary Party L 8.3 41
(138)
Others — 12.5 50
Micronesia (March 1993)
Congress, no parties — ... 14
Moldova (February-March 1990)
Supreme Soviet K ... 380
Monaco (January 1993)
National and Democratic Union — ... 0 (18)
Campora list — ... 15 —
Others — ... 3 (0)
Mongolia (June 1992)
Mongolian People's
Revolutionary Party x 56.9 71 (33)
Others — 43.1 5 (20)
Morocco (June-September 1993)
Constitutional Union CR ... 54 (83)
National Democratic Party CR ... 24 (24)
Berber parties CRe ... 76 (47)
National Assembly of
Independents C ... 41 (61)
Democratic Bloc CL-EL ... 120 (85)
Others and independents — ... 18 (6)
Mozambique (November-December 1986)
Mozambique Liberation
Front (Frelimo) K ... 250 (210)
Myanmar
Military government
since September 1988 — — —
Namibia (November 1989)
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance C 28.6 21
South West Africa People's
Organization (SWAPO) L 57.3 41
United Democratic Front — 5.6 4
Others — 8.5 6
Nauru (November 1992)
Presidential supporters p — 9
Presidential opponents p — 9
Nepal (May 1991)
National Democratic parties R 12 4
Nepali Congress Party C 38 110
Communist parties K 36 82
Others and independents — 14 9
Netherlands, The (September 1989)
Christian Democratic Appeal CR 35.3 54 (54)
People's Party for Freedom
and Democracy CR 14.6 22 (27)
Democrats 66 CL 7.9 12 (9)
Labour Party SD 31.9 49 (52)
Greens g 4.1 6 (3)
Others — 6.2 7 (5)
New Zealand (November 1993)
New Zealand First — 8.3 2 —
National Party CR 35.2 50 (67)
Labour Party CL 34.7 45 (29)
Alliance Party (coalition) L 18.3 2 (1)
Nicaragua (February 1990)
National Opposition Union CR 54.7 51
Sandinista National Liberation Front L 40.8 39
Others — 4.5 2
Niger (February 1993)
Government Coalition — ... 50
Former government party — ... 29
Others — ... 4
Nigeria
Military government since
November 1993
Norway (September 1993)
Progress Party R 6.3 10 (22)
Conservative Party R 16.9 28 (37)
Christian People's Party CR 7.9 13 (14)
Centre (Agrarian) Party CR 16.8 32 (11)
Labour Party SD 37.0 67 (63)
Socialist Left S 7.9 13 (17)
Others — 7.2 2 (1)
Oman
Consultative Council (advisory body) — — —
Pakistan (October 1993)
Religious parties Rr ... 10 (6)
Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) — 41.0 72
(105)
Pakistan Muslim League (Junejo) — ... 6
Pakistan People's Party — 38.0 86 (45)
Mohajir Qaumi Movement e (Boycotted) (15)
Other and independents — ... 27 (30)
Panama (May 1989-January 1991)
Antimilitarist Opposition
Democratic Alliance p ... 55
National Liberation Coalition p ... 12
Papua New Guinea (June 1992)
House of Assembly — — 108 (109)
Paraguay (May 1993)
Colorado Party R 43.0 38 (48)
Authentic Radical Liberal Party CL 35.1 33 (19)
National Encounter coalition — 17.1 9 —
Others — 4.8 0 (5)
Peru (November 1992)
Christian Popular Party R 7.7 8
Liberal Party R — — (60)
Popular Action CR (Boycotted)
New Majority-Change 90 — 38.6 44 (32)
American Popular Revolutionary
Alliance CL (Boycotted) (52)
Others — 53.7 28 (36)
Philippines (May 1992)
National People's Coalition R ... 48
Liberal Party C ... 15
National Union of
Christian Democrats — ... 51
Democratic Filipino Struggle — ... 87
Poland (September 1993)
Confederation for an
Independent Poland R 5.8 22 (46)
Non-Party Bloc to Support Reform R 5.4 16 —
Democratic Union CL 10.6 74 (62)
Labour Union L 7.3 41 (4)
Democratic Left Alliance x 20.4 171 (60)
Polish Peasant Party x 15.4 132 (48)
German minority organizations e — 4 (7)
Others — 35.1 0 (233)
Portugal (October 1991)
Social Democratic Party C 50.4 135 (148)
Socialist Party L 29.3 72 (60)
Communist alliance K 8.8 17 (31)
Other parties — 11.5 6 (11)
Qatar
Consultative Council (advisory body) — — —
Romania (September 1992)
Romanian National Unity Party ERe 7.7 30
Greater Romania e 3.9 16
Democratic Convention of Romania CR 20.0 82
Democratic National Salvation Front x 27.7 117
National Salvation Front x 10.2 43
Hungarian Democratic Union e 7.5 27
Others — 23.0 13
Russia (December 1993)
Liberal Democratic Party F 22.8 64
Russia's Choice CR 15.4 70
Russian Party of Unity
and Accord CR 6.8 19
Yavlinsky-Boldyrev-Lukin bloc C 7.8 23
Civic Union C 1.9 1
Women of Russia C 8.1 23
Democratic Party C 5.5 14
Russian Movement for
Democratic Reforms CL 4.1 4
Communist Party K 12.3 48
Agrarian Union K 7.9 33
Cedar g 0.8 0
Other parties — 6.6 16
Independents elected from
constituency lists — — 129
Rwanda
Transitional government
from November 1993 — — —
Saint Kitts and Nevis (November 1993)
People's Action Movement CL 33.6 4 (6)
Nevis Reformation Party CL 8.5 1 (2)
St Kitts-Nevis Labour Party L 43.8 4 (2)
Concerned Citizens' Movement — 10.9 2 (1)
Saint Lucia (April 1992)
United Workers' Party C 56.3 11 (9)
St. Lucia Labour Party CL 43.5 6 (8)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
(May 1989)
New Democratic Party C 66.3 15 (9)
St. Vincent Labour Party L 30.3 0 (4)
San Marino (May 1993)
Christian Democrats CR 41.4 26 (27)
Socialist Party S 23.7 14 (7)
Progressive Democratic Party x 18.6 11 (18)
Popular Democratic Alliance — 7.7 4 —
Other parties — 8.6 5 (8)
São Tomé and Príncipe (January 1991)
Party of Democratic
Convergence C 54.37 33 —
Movement for Liberation L 30.53 21 (40)
Others — 15.10 1 —
Saudi Arabia
Consultative Council (advisory body) — — —
Senegal (May 1993)
Socialist Party SD 56.6 84 (103)
Senegalese Democratic Party — 30.2 27 (17)
Let Us Unite Senegal EL 4.9 3 —
Other parties — 8.3 6 —
Seychelles (July 1993)
People's Progressive Front L 56.5 32 (23)
Others — 43.5 11 —
Sierra Leone
Military government
since May 1992 — — —
Singapore (August 1991)
People's Action Party CR 61 77 (80)
Democratic Party CL 12 3 (1)
Workers' Party L 14 1 (0)
Slovakia (June 1992)
Slovak National Party Re 7.9 15
Christian Democratic Movement CR 8.9 18
Movement for a Democratic
Slovakia — 37.3 74
Democratic Left x 14.7 29
Hungarian minority coalition e 7.4 14
Others — 23.8 0
Slovenia (December 1992)
Slovenian National Party ER 9.9 12
Christian Democrats CR 14.5 15
People's Party — 8.8 10
Associated List coalition — 13.6 14
Democratic Party C 5.0 6
Liberal Democratic Party CL 23.7 22
Social Democratic Party SD 3.3 4
Greens of Slovenia g 3.7 5
Others — 17.5 0
Solomon Islands (May 1993)
Government Alliance p ... 24
Opposition party p ... 23
Somalia
No effective government
since January 1991 — — —
South Africa
Transitional government
since September 1993 — — —
Spain (June 1993)
Popular Party R 34.8 141 (107)
Democratic and Social Centre C 1.7 0 (14)
Basque Nationalist Party Ce 1.2 5 (5)
Canary Islands coalition Ce 0.9 4 —
Convergence and Union (Catalan) CLe 5.0 17 (18)
Socialist Workers' Party S 38.7 159 (175)
United Left L&K 9.6 18 (17)
Herri Batasuna (Basque radicals) ELe 0.9 2 (4)
Others — 7.2 4 (10)
Sri Lanka (February 1989)
United National Party SD ... 125 (140)
Freedom Party SD ... 67 (8)
Tamil groups e ... 23 (18)
Communists and others — ... 10 (2)
Sudan, The
Transitional government
since February 1992 — — —
Suriname (May 1991)
National Democratic Party — 21.8 12 (3)
Front for Democracy and Development
(four-party coalition) — 54.2 30 (42)
Democratic Alternative '91 — 16.7 9 —
Swaziland (September-October 1993)
House of Assembly, no parties — — 55
Sweden (September 1991)
New Democracy R 6.8 24 —
Christian Democrats R 7.2 27 (0)
Moderate (Conservative) Party R 22.1 80 (66)
Centre (Agrarian) Party CR 8.6 31 (42)
People's (Liberal) Party C 9.2 33 (44)
Social Democrats S 38.2 138 (156)
Left (Communist) Party L 4.5 16 (21)
Greens g 3.4 0 (20)
Switzerland (October 1991)
Swiss Car Party R 5.1 8 (2)
Christian Democrats R 18.3 36 (42)
Liberal Party R 3.0 10 (9)
Swiss People's CR 11.9 25 (25)
Radical Democrats C 21.0 44 (51)
Social Democrats SD 18.5 41 (41)
Green Party g 6.1 14 (9)
Others — 16.1 22 (21)
Syria (May 1990)
National Progressive Front
Ba'th Party — ... 134
Other parties — ... 32
Independents — ... 84
Taiwan (December 1992)
Nationalist (Kuomintang) — 53 94 (72)
Democratic Progressive Party — 31 52 (21)
Others and Independents — 16 15 (8)
Tajikistan (March 1990)
Supreme Soviet — — 230
Tanzania (October 1990)
Revolutionary Party
of Tanzania (CCM) — ... 204 (169)
Thailand (September 1992)
Pro-military parties:
Thai Nation — 21.4 77
National Development — 16.7 60
Others — 1.1 4
Pro-democracy parties:
Democrat — 21.9 79
New Aspiration — 14.2 51
Righteous Force — 13.1 47
Solidarity — 2.2 8
Others — 9.4 34
Togo
Ad hoc government
from January 1993 — — —
Tonga (February 1993)
Pro-Democracy Party — ... 6 (6)
Others — ... 3 (3)
Trinidad and Tobago (December 1991)
People's National Movement C 45.1 21 (3)
National Alliance for
Reconstruction (four parties) C 24.4 2 (33)
United National Congress L 29.1 13 —
Tunisia (April 1989)
Government party — 80.5 141 (125)
Others — 19.5 0 —
Turkey (October 1991)
Nationalist Labour Party ER 19 —
16.9
Welfare Party Rr 43 (0)
True Path Party CR 27.0 178 (59)
Motherland Party CR 24.0 115 (292)
Social Democratic Populist CL 66 (99)
20.8
People's Labour Party e 22 —
Democratic Left Party CL 10.8 7 (0)
Turkmenistan
Assembly — — —
Tuvalu (September 1993)
Supporters of prime minister p — 6
Opponents p — 6
Uganda (February 1989)
National Resistance Council — — 210 (98)
Ukraine (March 1990)
Supreme Soviet — ... 450
United Arab Emirates
Federal National Council
(advisory body) — — —
United Kingdom (April 1992)
Democratic Unionists Re 0.3 3 (3)
Conservative Party CR 41.9 336 (375)
Liberal Democrats CL 17.9 20 (22)
Labour Party L 34.4 271 (229)
Scottish National Party e 1.9 3 (3)
Plaid Cymru (Welsh Nationalists) e 0.5 4 (3)
Ulster Unionists — 0.8 9 (9)
Social Democratic and Labour
Party (Northern Ireland) CLe 0.6 4 (3)
Sinn Fein (Northern Ireland) ELe 0.2 0 (1)
Other — 1.5 1 (2)
United States (November 1992)
Republican CR ... 175 (167)
Democratic C ... 259 (267)
Other — ... 1 (1)
Uruguay (November 1989)
Civic Union R ... 0 (2)
National (Blanco) Party C ... 39 (36)
Colorado Party C ... 30 (40)
New Space SD ... 9
(21)
Broad Front L ... 21
Other — ... 0 (2)
Uzbekistan (February 1990)
Supreme Soviet — — 500
Vanuatu (December 1991)
Union of Moderate Parties CR ... 19 (20)
National United Party CR ... 10 —
Vanua'aku Pati — ... 12 (26)
Others — ... 5 (0)
Venezuela (December 1993)
COPEI (Social Christians) CR 26.6 52 (67)
Democratic Action S 28.2 55 (97)
Movement to Socialism L 12.8 25 (18)
Others — 32.3 63 (19)
Vietnam (July 1992)
National Assembly — ... 395
Western Samoa (April 1991)
Human Rights Protection Party — ... 30 (27)
National Development Party — ... 14 (19)
Independents — ... 3 (1)
Yemen (April 1993)
Yemeni Alliance for Reform Rr ... 62
General People's Congress — ... 122
Yemeni Socialist Party K ... 56
Other parties — ... 12
Independents — ... 49
Yugoslavia (December 1992)
Serbian Radical Party Fe 24.4 34 (33)
Serbian Democratic Movement C 18.7 20 —
Democratic Party C 6.5 5 —
Socialist Party of Serbia xe 34.2 47 (73)
Democratic Party of Socialists
of Montenegro xe 3.0 17 (23)
Democratic Community (Hungarian) e 2.4 3 (2)
Others — 10.8 12 (6)
Zaire
Ad hoc governments
from 1992 — — —
Zambia (October 1991)
Movement for Multiparty
Democracy — 75.8 125 —
United National Independence — 24.2 25 (125)
Zimbabwe (March 1990)
Zimbabwe African National Union S 75.4 117
Zimbabwe African National
Union/Ndonga — 0.9 1
Zimbabwe Unity Movement — 16.6 2

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

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