Antibiotics


Antibiotics

Table
Antibiotics

drug class and
generic name
common trade name(s) common use(s)
aminoglycosides (inhibit protein synthesis)
gentamicin Garamycin infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts, blood, abdominal cavity; pelvic inflammatory disease
tobramycin AKTob, Nebcin infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts, blood, abdominal cavity; pelvic imflammatory disease
cefaclor Ceclor infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts and skin; otitis media
cefamandole Mandol infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts, skin, bone and joints, and blood; peritonitis
cefazolin Ancef, Kefzol infections of the respiratory and genitourinary tracts, skin, bone and joints, and blood; endocarditis
ceftriaxone Rocephin infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts, skin, blood, abdominal cavity, and bone and joints; pelvic inflammatory disease; gonorrhea; meningitis
cefuroxime Ceftin, Kefurox infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts, skin, bone and joints, and blood
cephalexin Biocef, Keflex infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts, skin, and bone; otitis media
chloramphenicols (inhibit protein synthesis)
fluoroquinolones (interfere with DNA synthesis)
ciprofloxacin Cipro infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts, skin, eyes, abdominal cavity, and bone and joints; diarrhea; gonorrhea; sinusitis; pneumonia; prostatitis; anthrax
norfloxacin Chibroxin, Noroxin urinary tract infections, STDs caused by N. gonorrhoeae, eye infections, prostatitis
lincosamides (inhibit protein systhesis)
clindamycin Cleocin infections of the respiratory tract, skin, and abdominal cavity; acne; pelvic inflammatory disease
macrolides (inhibit protein synthesis)
azithromycin Zithromax infections of the respiratory tract and skin; STDs; otitis media; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; pneumonia
clarithromycin Biaxin infections of the respiratory tract and skin; otitis media
nitrofurans (inactivate essential cell components)
nitrofurantoin Furadantin, Macrobid urinary tract infections
amoxicillin Amoxil, Trimox various streptococcal and staphylococcal infections
penicillin G Bicillin, Pen-G Pot, Wycillin
various streptococcal and staphylococcal infections
piperacillin Pipracil infections of the respiratory and genitourinary tracts, skin, abdominal cavity, bone and joints, and blood
ticarcillin Ticar infections of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts; streptococcal and pseudomonas infections; gonorrhea; tonsillitis; Lyme disease; impetigo; otitis media; meningitis
tetracycline Achromycin, Sumycin rickettsia, pneumonia, chlamydia, intestinal amebiasis, acne, prevention of infection in minor wounds
miscellaneous antibiotics
aztreonam Azactam infections of the respiratory and genitourinary tracts, skin, abdominal cavity, and blood
imipenem-cilistatin Primaxin infections of the respiratory and genitourinary tracts, skin, abdominal cavity, bone and joints, and blood; endocarditis
metronidazole Flagyl, Protostat infections of the vagina and gastrointestinal tract
rifampin Rifadin, Rimactane tuberculosis
trimethoprim-
sulfamethoxazole Bactrim, Cotrim, Septra urinary tract infections, shigellosis, otitis media, bronchitis, traveler's diarrhea
vancomycin Lyphocin, Vancocin infections resistant to penicillins and cephalosporins

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • antibiotics — Products used to kill bacteria, especially those which cause infectious diseases …   Combined glossary of agriculture

  • antibiotics — an·ti·bi ot·ic || ‚æntɪ baɪɑtɪk / É’tɪk n. type of medication used to treat infectious diseases adj. kills bacteria, working against infectious diseases …   English contemporary dictionary

  • antibiotics and hallucinations —    The term antibiotic comes from the Greek words anti (against) and bios (life). It is used to denote a group of chemotherapeutic agents with varying chemical structures, which have the capacity to inhibit or abolish the growth of microorganisms …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • List of antibiotics — Following is the list of antibiotics, sorted by class. The highest division is between bactericidal antibiotics and bacteriostatic antibiotics. Bactericidals kill bacteria directly where bacteriostatics prevent them from dividing. However, these… …   Wikipedia

  • Production of antibiotics — The production of antibiotics has been widespread since the pioneering efforts of Florey and Chain in 1938. The importance of antibiotics to medicine has led to much research into discovering and producing them. Identifying useful antibiotics… …   Wikipedia

  • Tetracycline antibiotics — Tetracyclines are a group of broad spectrum antibiotics whose general usefulness has been reduced with the onset of bacterial resistance. Despite this, they remain the treatment of choice for some specific indications.They are so named for their… …   Wikipedia

  • Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics — The Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics (APUA) is a non profit organization founded in 1981 by Dr. Stuart B. Levy, Professor of Medicine at Tufts University and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts. APUA’s mission is to strengthen… …   Wikipedia

  • Polypeptide antibiotics — are a class of antibiotics used for eye, ear or bladder infections in addition to aminoglycosides. They are toxic, and are therefore not suitable for systemic administration, but are administered topically on the skin. [… …   Wikipedia

  • aminoglycoside antibiotics — (am ī no gli ko saīd) A group of antibiotics synthesized by Streptomyces and Micromonospora, which contain a cyclohexane ring and amino sugars; all aminoglycoside antibiotics bind to the small ribosomal subunit and inhibit protein synthesis …   Dictionary of microbiology


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