Significant milestones in space exploration


Significant milestones in space exploration

Table
Significant milestones in space exploration
date accomplished event details country or agency
Oct. 4, 1957 first artificial Earth satellite Sputnik 1 U.S.S.R.
Nov. 3, 1957 first animal launched into space dog Laika aboard Sputnik 2 U.S.S.R.
Sept. 14, 1959 first spacecraft to hard-land on another celestial object (the Moon) Luna 2 U.S.S.R.
Oct. 7, 1959 first pictures of the far side of the Moon Luna 3 U.S.S.R.
April 1, 1960 first applications satellite launched TIROS 1 (weather observation) U.S.
Aug. 11, 1960 first recovery of a payload from Earth orbit Discoverer 13 (part of Corona reconnaissance satellite program) U.S.
April 12, 1961 first human to orbit Earth Yury Gagarin (Gagarin, Yury Alekseyevich) on Vostok 1 U.S.S.R.
Dec. 14, 1962 first data returned from another planet (Venus) Mariner 2 U.S.
June 16, 1963 first woman in space Valentina Tereshkova (Tereshkova, Valentina) on Vostok 6 U.S.S.R.
July 26, 1963 first satellite to operate in geostationary orbit Syncom 2 (telecommunications satellite) U.S.
March 18, 1965 first space walk Aleksey Leonov (Leonov, Aleksey Arkhipovich) on Voskhod 2 U.S.S.R.
July 14, 1965 first spacecraft pictures of Mars Mariner 4 U.S.
Feb. 3, 1966 first spacecraft to soft-land on the Moon Luna 9 U.S.S.R.
April 24, 1967 first death during a space mission Vladimir Komarov (Komarov, Vladimir Mikhaylovich) on Soyuz 1 U.S.S.R.
Dec. 24, 1968 first humans to orbit the Moon Frank Borman (Borman, Frank), James Lovell (Lovell, James A(rthur), Jr.), and William Anders (Anders, William A.) on Apollo (Apollo program) 8 U.S.
July 20, 1969 first human to walk on the Moon Neil Armstrong (Armstrong, Neil) on Apollo (Apollo program) 11 U.S.
Sept. 24, 1970 first return of lunar samples by an unmanned spacecraft Luna 16 U.S.S.R.
Dec. 15, 1970 first soft landing on another planet (Venus) Venera 7 U.S.S.R.
April 19, 1971 first space station launched Salyut 1 U.S.S.R.
Nov. 13, 1971 first spacecraft to orbit another planet (Mars) Mariner 9 U.S.
Dec. 2, 1971 first spacecraft to soft-land on Mars Mars 3 U.S.S.R.
Dec. 3, 1973 first spacecraft to fly by Jupiter Pioneer () 10 U.S.
July 17, 1975 first international docking in space Apollo (Apollo program) and Soyuz spacecraft during Apollo-Soyuz Test Project U.S., U.S.S.R.
July 20, 1976 first pictures transmitted from the surface of Mars Viking 1 U.S.
Sept. 1, 1979 first spacecraft to fly by Saturn Pioneer () 11 U.S.
Jan. 24, 1986 first spacecraft to fly by Uranus Voyager 2 U.S.
March 13, 1986 first spacecraft to make a close flyby of a comet nucleus Giotto at Halley's Comet European Space Agency
Aug. 24, 1989 first spacecraft to fly by Neptune Voyager 2 U.S.
April 25, 1990 first large optical space telescope launched Hubble Space Telescope U.S., European Space Agency
Dec. 7, 1995 first spacecraft to orbit Jupiter Galileo U.S.
Nov. 2, 2000 first resident crew to occupy the International Space Station William Shepherd, Yury Gidzenko, and Sergey Krikalyov U.S., Russia
● Feb. 14, 2000
● Feb. 12, 2001
first spacecraft to orbit (2000) and land on (2001) an asteroid NEAR (Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous Shoemaker) at the asteroid Eros U.S.
June 21, 2004 first privately funded manned spacecraft to achieve suborbital flight above 100 km (62 miles) SpaceShipOne Mojave Aerospace Ventures (commercial joint venture)
July 1, 2004 first spacecraft to orbit Saturn Cassini-Huygens U.S., European Space Agency, Italy
Jan. 14, 2005 first spacecraft to land on the moon of a planet other than Earth (Saturn's moon Titan) Huygens probe of the Cassini-Huygens spacecraft U.S., European Space Agency, Italy
See as table:

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • space exploration — Investigation of the universe beyond Earth s atmosphere by means of manned and unmanned spacecraft. Study of the use of rockets for spaceflight began early in the 20th century. Germany s research on rocket propulsion in the 1930s led to… …   Universalium

  • Space exploration — is the use of astronomy and space technology to explore outer space. [cite web | url = http://adc.gsfc.nasa.gov/adc/education/space ex/exploration.html | title = How Space is Explored | publisher = NASA] Physical exploration of space is conducted …   Wikipedia

  • Space Race — For a discussion of all spaceflight programs to date, see History of spaceflight. For a list of key events, see Timeline of space exploration. For other uses of the term, see Space Race (disambiguation). A replica of Sputnik 1, the world s… …   Wikipedia

  • Space Shuttle Atlantis — Atlantis OV 104 Atlantis launching STS 122 mission to dock with the International Space Station OV designation OV 104 Country United States …   Wikipedia

  • Space Solar Power Exploratory Research and Technology program — The Space Solar Power Exploratory Research and Technology program (SERT) program conducted by NASA, was initiated by John Mankins and lead by Joe Howell in March 1999 for the following purpose:* Perform design studies of selected flight… …   Wikipedia

  • Space Interferometry Mission — Infobox Space telescope name = Space Interferometry Mission (SIM) caption = Artist s concept of the SIM telescope in space organization = NASA / JPL major contractors = Northrop Grumman alt names = SIM PlanetQuest nssdc id = location = orbit type …   Wikipedia

  • Comparison of Asian national space programs — Several Asian countries have national space programs, and they are considered to be competing with each other to achieve scientific and technological advancements in space. The media has occasionally called this competition the Asian space… …   Wikipedia

  • China National Space Administration — CNSA redirects here. For other uses, see CNSA (disambiguation). This article is about the current Chinese space agency. For the Chinese space program in general, see Chinese space program. China National Space Administration 国家航天局 CNSA logo Owner …   Wikipedia

  • 21st century — Millennium: 3rd millennium Centuries: 20th century · 21st century · 22nd century Decades: 2000s 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s 2050s …   Wikipedia

  • Commercial Crew Development — Commercial Crew Program logo Commercial Crew and Cargo …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.