**Normal distribution** — This article is about the univariate normal distribution. For normally distributed vectors, see Multivariate normal distribution. Probability density function The red line is the standard normal distribution Cumulative distribution function … Wikipedia

**cryptology** — cryptologist, n. cryptologic /krip tl oj ik/, cryptological, adj. /krip tol euh jee/, n. 1. cryptography. 2. the science and study of cryptanalysis and cryptography. [1635 45; < NL cryptologia. See CRYPTO , LOGY] * * * Introduction … Universalium

**information theory** — the mathematical theory concerned with the content, transmission, storage, and retrieval of information, usually in the form of messages or data, and esp. by means of computers. [1945 50] * * * ▪ mathematics Introduction a mathematical… … Universalium

**Index of coincidence** — In cryptography, coincidence counting is the technique (invented by William F. Friedman[1]) of putting two texts side by side and counting the number of times that identical letters appear in the same position in both texts. This count, either as … Wikipedia

**The Lost Tomb of Jesus** — ] In The Jesus Family Tomb , Simcha Jacobovici claims the James Ossuary would have been a part of this tomb, but was removed by artifact dealers, and thus discovered separately. [http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/tomb/explore/explore.html Lost … Wikipedia

**Movable type** — For the weblog software, see Movable Type. Part of a series on the History of printing … Wikipedia

**HEBREW LANGUAGE** — This entry is arranged according to the following scheme: pre biblical biblical the dead sea scrolls mishnaic medieval modern period A detailed table of contents precedes each section. PRE BIBLICAL nature of the evidence the sources phonology… … Encyclopedia of Judaism

**radiation** — radiational, adj. /ray dee ay sheuhn/, n. 1. Physics. a. the process in which energy is emitted as particles or waves. b. the complete process in which energy is emitted by one body, transmitted through an intervening medium or space, and… … Universalium

**performing arts** — arts or skills that require public performance, as acting, singing, or dancing. [1945 50] * * * ▪ 2009 Introduction Music Classical. The last vestiges of the Cold War seemed to thaw for a moment on Feb. 26, 2008, when the unfamiliar strains … Universalium

**Nobel Prizes** — ▪ 2009 Introduction Prize for Peace The 2008 Nobel Prize for Peace was awarded to Martti Ahtisaari, former president (1994–2000) of Finland, for his work over more than 30 years in settling international disputes, many involving ethnic,… … Universalium