Zavattini, Cesare


Zavattini, Cesare

▪ Italian writer
born September 29, 1902, Luzzara [Reggio Emilia], Italy
died October 13, 1989, Rome

      Italian screenwriter, poet, painter, and novelist, known as a leading exponent of Italian Neorealism (Neorealism).

      Born into a humble family, Zavattini completed a law degree at the University of Parma and began a career in journalism and publishing. He wrote two successful comic novels—Parliamo tanto di me (1931; “We Talk a Lot About Me”) and I poveri sono matti (1937; “The Poor Are Crazy”)—before he began supplying stories for the Italian cinema. His first film treatment became Mario Camerini's classic social satire, Darò un milione (1935; “I'll Give a Million”), starring Vittorio De Sica (De Sica, Vittorio).

      Zavattini completed 126 screenplays during his long career, 26 of which were for films directed by De Sica. He also worked with such noted Italian directors as Alessandro Blasetti, Giuseppe De Santis, Luchino Visconti (Visconti, Luchino), and Alberto Lattuada, but it was his scripts for De Sica that associated Zavattini with Neorealism. Among the classic films produced by the De Sica-Zavattini team were Teresa Venerdì (1941; Doctor Beware), I bambini ci guardano (1944; The Children Are Watching Us), Sciuscià (1946; Shoeshine), Ladri di biciclette (1948; The Bicycle Thief), Miracolo a Milano (1951; Miracle in Milan), and Umberto D. (1952). Zavattini's views on Neorealism emphasized a documentary style of film realism, the use of nonprofessional actors, a rejection of Hollywood conventions, real locations as opposed to studio sets, an avoidance of dramatic or intrusive editing, and contemporary, everyday subject matter about the common man. He advocated strict adherence to these principles until the early 1950s, when De Sica felt that the genre was becoming cliché. Though the two never totally abandoned Neorealist theories, they devoted themselves to more mainstream fare during the remaining years of their collaboration.

      After the end of the Neorealist era, Zavattini completed a number of De Sica scripts that had great commercial success: La ciociara (1961; Two Women), Ieri, oggi, domani (1963; Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow), and Il giardino dei Finzi-Contini (1970; The Garden of the Finzi-Continis). In addition to his career in the cinema, Zavattini was an accomplished painter and published several volumes of poetry.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zavattini, Cesare — (1902 1989)    Novelist, screenwriter, director. Having worked for many years as a journalist, a novelist, a painter, and a cultural organizer, in 1935 Zavattini also embraced the cinema by writing the story and screenplay for Mario Camerini s… …   Guide to cinema

  • Zavattini, Cesare — (1902 1989)    Novelist, screenwriter, director. Having worked for many years as a journalist, a novelist, a painter, and a cultural organizer, in 1935 Zavattini also embraced the cinema by writing the story and screenplay for Mario Camerini s… …   Historical dictionary of Italian cinema

  • Zavattini, Cesare — • ДЗАВАТТИ НИ (Zavattini) Чезаре (р. 20.9.1902)    итал. писатель, художник, сценарист, теоретик кино. Учился в Пармском ун те. В кон. 20 х гг. начал журналистскую и лит. деятельность. В кино с 1935 (сц. ф. Дам миллион по собств. новелле Добряк… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Zavattini, Cesare — ► (1902 89) Novelista y guionista cinematográfico italiano. Autor de Hablemos de mí (1931) y Los pobres están locos (1937), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Zavattini, Cesare — (Luzzara, Reggio Emilia 1902 Roma 1989) scrittore, poeta dialettale e commediografo ; pittore e giornalista; soggettista e sceneggiatore cinematografico; direttore con Achille Campanile di “Settebello”. collab./opere: “Stazione di Posta” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Zavattini — Zavattini, Cesare …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cesare Zavattini — (20 September 1902 13 October 1989) was an Italian screenwriter and one of the first theorists and proponents of the Neorealist movement in Italian cinema. Contents 1 Brief biography 2 Directors 3 Selected filmography …   Wikipedia

  • Zavattini — Cesare Zavattini (* 20. September 1902 in Luzzara; † 13. Oktober 1989 in Rom) war ein italienischer Drehbuchautor, der mit neo realistischen Filmen bekannt wurde. Geboren in Luzzara, in der Nähe von Reggio nell’Emilia, im Norden Italiens,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Zavattini — (Cesare) (1902 1989) scénariste italien. Il créa avec V. De Sica le néo réalisme: le Voleur de bicyclette (1948) …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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