Yudenich, Nikolay


Yudenich, Nikolay

▪ Russian general
in full  Nikolay Nikolayevich Yudenich  
born July 18 [July 30, New Style], 1862, Moscow, Russia
died Oct. 5, 1933, Saint-Laurent-du-Var, Fr.

      commander of the White forces in the northwest during the Russian Civil War (1918–20).

      Having entered the Imperial Army in 1879, Yudenich graduated from the General Staff Academy in 1887, served on the General Staff from 1887 until 1902, and then became a regimental commander. After participating in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–05), he was promoted to general (1905) and in 1913 was appointed chief of staff of the Caucasian military district. During World War I he commanded all Russian (Russian Civil War) troops in the Caucasus (1914–15 and February–October, 1917).

      After the Bolsheviks seized power in October 1917, Yudenich retired to Finland but later went to Tallinn, in Estonia. In May 1919 he launched an offensive toward Petrograd (St. Petersburg), but his volunteer army was driven back to Estonia. In July, Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak (head of the White, or anti-Bolshevik, government in Siberia) recognized him as commander in chief of the northwestern White armies. Yudenich organized the scattered White forces in the Baltic region into an army of 12,000 men. His lack of sympathy for the nationalism of the local Estonian government and his quarrels with his British advisers, however, brought about a decline in his political effectiveness. When he renewed his offensive in October 1919, in coordination with a White attack on Moscow from the south, the Red Army stopped him at Pulkovo, on the outskirts of Petrograd, and forced his army to retreat to Estonia and to disband (January 1920). Yudenich fled to France and died in exile.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yudenich, Nikolay (Nikolayevich) — born July 30, 1862, Moscow, Russia died Oct. 5, 1933, Saint Laurent du Var, France Russian commander of anti Bolshevik forces in the Russian Civil War. A career army officer who joined the Imperial Army in 1879, he commanded in the Russo Japanese …   Universalium

  • Nikolay — (as used in expressions) Nikolay Nikolayevich Bukharin Nikolay Ivanovich Bulganin Nikolay Aleksandrovich Chernyshevsky Nikolay Gavrilovich Danilevsky Nikolay Yakovlevich Giers Nikolay Karlovich Gogol Nikolay Vasilyevich Ignatyev Nikolay Pavlovich …   Universalium

  • Latvia — /lat vee euh, laht /, n. a republic in N Europe, on the Baltic, S of Estonia, an independent state 1918 40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. 2,437,649; 25,395 sq. mi. (63,700 sq. km). Cap.: Riga. Latvian, Latvija… …   Universalium

  • Nikolayevich — (as used in expressions) Nikolay Nikolayevich Aleksandr Nikolayevich Baryshnikov Mikhail Nikolayevich Benois Alexandre Nikolayevich Kosygin Aleksey Nikolayevich Kuropatkin Aleksey Nikolayevich Milyukov Pavel Nikolayevich Ostrovsky Aleksandr… …   Universalium

  • World War I — the war fought mainly in Europe and the Middle East, between the Central Powers and the Allies, beginning on July 28, 1914, and ending on November 11, 1918, with the collapse of the Central Powers. Abbr.: WWI Also called Great War, War of the… …   Universalium

  • Campaña del Cáucaso — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Frente del Caucaso …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leon Trotsky — Infobox Officeholder name = Leon Trotsky nationality = Russian small caption = order =People s Commissar for Army and Navy Affairs term start =March 13, 1918 term end =January 6, 1925 vicepresident = deputy =Ephraim Sklyansky predecessor =Nikolai …   Wikipedia

  • Russian Civil War — (1918–20) Conflict between the newly formed Bolshevik government and its Red Army against the anti Bolshevik forces in Russia. The unfavourable Treaty of Brest Litovsk concluded with Germany caused socialists opposed to Vladimir Lenin to break… …   Universalium

  • Nicholas II of Russia — Nicholas II redirects here. For other uses, see Nicholas II (disambiguation). Nicholas II Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias Reign 1 Novem …   Wikipedia

  • Vladimir Lenin — Lenin redirects here. For other uses, see Lenin (disambiguation). Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Владимир Ильич Ленин …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.